She is invoked to punish those who exploit loving hearts. She is wild and irrepressible, like the fire she's said… Her followers often … She can manifest as winds ranging from the gentlest breeze to the raging hurricane or cyclone. Here is how to get in touch with me for spirit readings or consultations for rootwork. This is the Courtyard that Introduces You to Pagan Goddesses: Hecate, Inanna, Kwan Yin, Oshun, Oya, Yemeya "Oya's themes are justice, tradition, zeal and femininity. Oba is Shango’s first wife, a position of rank and authority. Although Oshun (also spelt Osun) is regarded principally as a goddess of love, there are other aspects to this Orisha as well. Egungun-oya Facts and Figures. Paintings 2001-2002 Images and myths of Dzonokwa, Estsan-ah-tlehay (Changing Woman) & Natseelit, Hebe & Paian, Madonna of the Earth, Sekhmet Awakening, Tabiti of the Altai, The Three Norns, Triple Goddess and Wadjit. Oba is the orisha of lakes and ponds (Rivers for Osun, and Lagoons for Oya). Oshun, also spelled Osun, an orisha (deity) of the Yoruba people of southwestern Nigeria.Oshun is commonly called the river orisha, or goddess, in the Yoruba religion and is typically associated with water, purity, fertility, love, and sensuality.She is considered one of the most powerful of all orishas, and, like other gods, she possesses human attributes such as vanity, jealousy, and spite. She can manifest as winds ranging from the gentlest breeze to the raging hurricane or cyclone. Oba, beautiful Yoruba river spirit, is overshadowed by other more famous river orishas like Oshun, Oya, and Yemaya, who began her incarnation as the orisha of the Ogun River. Oya is the Orisha Goddess of the Wind, Storms, and Change. Name: Egungun-oya Pronunciation: Coming soon Alternative names: Gender: Female Type: Goddess Area or people: Yoruba people of Nigeria and Benin Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present In charge of: Prophecy and Fortune-telling Area of expertise: Prophecy Good/Evil Rating: OKAY, not bad Popularity index: 1256 An orisha is a deity of the Yoruba people of Africa, specifically Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Liberia, and the Ivory Coast. Oya is the powerful Yorùbá Orisha of the winds and tempests. She is seen in aspects as the warrior-spirit of the wind, lightning, fertility, fire, and magic. Oba is venerated as a goddess of love in Brazil but considered a guardian of prostitutes in parts of Africa. Egungun refers to the collective spirits of the Ancestral dead; the Orisha Oya is seen as the mother of the Egun.” Oya is one of the most powerful African Goddess – Deity = Orisha = Vodun. She is also the patron of dyes and colors. Goddess Oya is a powerful African Goddess. She creates hurricanes and tornadoes, and guards the underworld. Angered Goddess Oya may call forth tornadoes and lightening. One of the most important roles that Oshun plays is that of the goddess of the sweet waters and the protective deity of the River Oshun in Nigeria. Offerings may be placed on a home altar or brought to the lakeshore and presented there. Oya is the Orisha Goddess of the Wind, Storms, and Change. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Ọba (known as Obá in Latin America) is the Orisha of the River Oba whose source lays near Igbon where her worship originates. Being overshadowed is the central theme of Oba’s sole surviving myth. There are many different gods of rain in different religions. Who is the Orisha Oya? She is considered either the sister of the Orisha of storms Shango, or one of His three wives, with Oshun and Oba. In parts of Brazil She is honored as the ocean Goddess at the summer solstice, while in the north east of the country Her festival is held on February 2nd (a day that is also associated with Her daughter Oya, as well as being the feast day of the Celtic Bride ), with offerings of blue and white flowers cast into the Sea. Oya has been syncretized in Santeria with the Catholic images of the Virgin of Candelaria. Her emblem is a large seashell which she uses as a currency. Oya is the powerful Yorùbá Orisha of the winds and tempests. “Oya is one of the most powerful African Goddesses (Orishas).
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Oya – The Goddess of Weather
In Yoruba religion, Oya was the goddess of weather, known to be one of the most powerful deities in Africa. She was also a strong and brave warrior who was considered to be unbeatable. Her Celtic equivalent is Brigitte, Catholicized as St. Brigid.
Who Was Oya?
Oya was an Orisha in Yoruba religion, meaning that she was a spirit sent by one of the three manifestations of the Supreme God, known as Olodumare. She was known by several names in Yoruban mythology including:
- Oya-Iyansan – meaning the ‘Mother of Nine’
- Oya-ajere – meaning the ‘Carrier of the Container of Fire’
- Ayabu Nikua – meaning ‘The Queen of Death’
- Ayi Lo Da – ‘She Who Turns and Changes’
Oya and her brother Shango were born to the Great Sea Mother, the goddess Yemaya, but it’s not clear who their father was. According to some sources, Oya was barren or could only have stillborn children. However, she took a sacred cloth with the colors of the rainbow and made a sacrifice out of it (to whom she made the sacrifice isn’t known) and as a result, she miraculously gave birth to 9 children: four sets of twins and the ninth child, Egungun. This is why she came to be known as the ‘mother of nine’.
Not very much is known about Oya’s origins or her family but some sources say that she was married to her brother, Shango, and some say that she later married Ogun, the god of iron and metal work.
Oya was often depicted wearing the color of wine, which was said to be her favorite color, and displaying nine whirlwinds since nine was her sacred number. She’s sometimes portrayed with a turban on her head, twisted to look like the horns of a buffalo. This is because according to some myths, she married the great god Ogun in the form of a buffalo.
Below is a list of the editor’s top picks featuring Oya statue.
Depictions and Symbols of Oya
There are several symbols associated with the goddess Oya, including the sword or the machete, the water buffalo, a horsetail flywhisk, a number of masks and lightning. She sometimes appeared in the form of the water buffalo and she often used the sword or machete to clear up a path for change and new growth. Lightning was a symbol strongly associated with her as she was the goddess of weather. However, no one actually knows what the horsetail flywhisk or the masks symbolized.
Oya’s Role in Yoruba Mythology
Although she’s well known as the goddess of weather, Oya played many disparate roles, which was the reason she was such an important deity in Yoruba religion. She commanded the lightning, storms and winds and could bring about tornadoes, earthquakes or practically any kind of weather she chose. As the goddess of change, she would bring down dead wood, making room for new ones.
In addition, Oya was also a funerary goddess who carried the souls of the dead to the next world. She watched over those who were newly dead and helped them to make the transition from life to death (in other words, to cross over).
According to the myths, Oya was also the goddess of psychic abilities, rebirth, intuition and clairvoyance. She was so powerful that she had the ability to call forth death or hold it back if necessary. These responsibilities and being a guardian of graveyards is why the goddess is commonly associated with cemeteries. Because of her abilities, she was known as the ‘Great Mother of Witches (Elders of the Night).
Oya was a wise and just deity who was regarded as a protectress of woman. She was often called upon by women who found themselves in conflicts that they couldn’t resolve. She was also an excellent businesswoman, knew how to handle horses and helped people with their businesses, gaining the title ‘Queen of the Marketplace’.
Although she was a benevolent goddess who loved her people, Oya was fierce and had a fiery demeanor. She was both feared and loved and for good reason: she was a loving and protective mother but if necessary, she could become a terrifying warrior in a fraction of a second and destroy entire villages, causing great suffering. She didn’t tolerate dishonestly, deceit and injustice and no one was foolish enough to anger her.
She is also the patron of the Niger River, known as the Odo-Oya to the Yorubans.
Worship of Oya
According to sources, there were no temples dedicated to Oya in Africa since no remains have been dug up during excavations. However, she was worshipped not only throughout Africa, but also in Brazil where the Amazon river was believed to be Oya’s River .
People prayed to Oya daily and made traditional offerings of acaraje to the goddess. Acaraje was made by peeling or crushing beans, which were then shaped into balls and fried in palm oil (dende). A simpler, unseasoned form of it was often used in rituals. Acaraje is also a common street food, but special acarje was made just for the goddess.
Oya was one of the most important deities in Yoruban mythology and she was also one of the most loved. The people revered her and invoked her aid when in times of trouble. Oya’s worship is still active and continues to this day.
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Oya had become so furious that she wanted to destroy the kingdom with her winds, but controlled herself because she respected her father Obatala.
So sad and lonely , she turned to Yemaya "Iya mi ( my mother) with your waters and my winds we could end this marriage" . Her voice resounded with anger and jealousy .
Yemaya stood there and listened to her daughter and could not believe that Oya would be so angry and ignited to start war over a man . None the less her own son, the man who she had claimed to love.
Yemaya responded "Do not count on me to end this marriage, Because child you forget it is my OMO AlAFI ( favorite son) who is caught in the middle of your tempest , and I will never fight against my own son".
Yemaya felt sorrow for her daughter Oya and her sadness and tried in vain to reason her child for her to accept the situation as it was.
Oya had always listened to her mother's advise but not on this occasion, and from that time on Oya grew distant from Yemaya.
**This is the reason they grew apart and Oya never ate lamb again. This was the time Oya takes the path to the Ile Icu ( cemetary ) as her home.
Oya would not listen nor would she be rational about things , she decided she would do what ever it took to get Shango back.
Yemaya made it clear to Oya that she would not permit anyone to use force against any of her children, especially her favorite son , Shango.
Yemaya knew that after this episode things between her and Oya would never be the same and this saddened her heart. But she would not permit Oya to carry out her plans , after all she was the mother to all the Orisas and her mission was to create and not destroy.
**In defiance of Yemaya , Oya eats goat for the first time , before this situation they always ate lamb along side of Yemaya and Shango the ONY ONY (Royals) . Here is where the union of family begins to lose hold, and teaches us there should be respect in families ( Oggunda masa ). It is this defiance as well the reason why Oya must never eat in the same room as Yemaya and Shango , One should remove Oya completely so that she does not smell the Lamb , or she will remember this time of sorrow and start a new battle with the kingdom as the battle ground.
When Oya leaves Yemaya's home she was so furious more than ever that Yemaya would take Shango's side, she allows her fury to be felt throughout the kingdom scaring the inhabitants . Once she gained her composure Oya realized the only way to win Shango back was through befriending her sister Oba and not allowing her to see her displeasure she felt, and never to have a direct confrontation as she knew Oba was as powerful as she was, therefore a direct battle between these two could bring the kingdom to an end. And bring Yemaya's ( her mothers) wrath upon herself. There had to be a way for this marriage to dissolve, that she could win her favor of Shango and not tempt Yemaya into a fury.
** This story along with the two following stories , clearly define who is to blame for Oba cutting off her ear and serving it to Shango. There are stories that blame Oshun for this act , but if this was true then Oshun and Oba would not share a secret they have between themselves that is found when Oba is birthed in the igbodu.
|Other names||Yemaya, Iemanja, Mother of Water, Mother of all Orishas, Patroness and Protector of Children and Fishermen|
|Venerated in||Yoruba religion, Umbanda, Candomble, Santeria, Haitian Vodou|
|Symbol||river stones, cowrie shells, fans, cutlass, fish, multi-stranded crystal clear water-like beaded necklace, white cloth, indigo cloth, wood carvings of a stately nursing mother carried on the heads of devotees, mermaids|
|Color||Blue and White/Crystal beads|
|Region||Yorubaland, Brazil, Cuba|
|Ethnic group||Yoruba people,|
|Catholic equivalent||Virgin Mary (Our Lady of Navigators)|
Yemanjá (Yoruba: Yemanjá) is a major water spirit from the Yoruba religion. She is the mother of all Orishas. She is an orisha, in this case patron spirit of rivers, particularly the Ogun River in Nigeria; and oceans in Cuban and Brazilian orisa religions. She is often syncretized with either Our Lady of Regla[which?] in the Afro-Cubandiaspora or various other Virgin Mary figures of the Catholic Church, a practice that emerged during the era of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. Yemanjá is motherly and strongly protective, and cares deeply for all her children, comforting them and cleansing them of sorrow. She is said to be able to cure infertility in women, and cowrie shells represent her wealth. She does not easily lose her temper, but when angered she can be quite destructive and violent, as the flood waters of turbulent rivers.
Yemanjá is often depicted as a mermaid, and is associated with the moon (in some Diaspora communities), water, and feminine mysteries. She is the protector of women. She governs everything pertaining to women; parenting, child safety, love, and healing. According to myth, when her waters broke, it caused a great flood creating rivers and streams and the first mortal humans were created from her womb.
- Yoruba: Yemọja, Iyemọja, Yemọnja, Iyemọnja, Iyemẹja or Yemẹja in some Yorùbá dialect variants
- Portuguese phonetic spellings of Brazil: Yemanjá, Iemanjá, Janaína, Mãe da Água
- Spanish phonetic spelling of Cuba and other Spanish speaking countries: Yemayá, Yemallá, Madre del Agua
- French terms for mermaid spirits: La Sirène, Mère de L'Eau
- Pidgin/Creole Languages: Mami Wata
In traditional Yoruba culture and spirituality, Yemọja is a mother spirit; patron spirit of women, especially pregnant women; She is the patron deity of the Ogun river (Odò Ògùn) but she has other rivers that are dedicated to her throughout Yorùbáland. In addition, she is also worshipped at almost any stream, creek, springs in addition to wells and run-offs.
Her name is a contraction of the Yoruba words Iye, meaning "mother"; ọmọ, meaning "child"; and ẹja, meaning "fish"; roughly translated the term means "mother of fish children.” This represents the vastness of her motherhood, her fecundity, and her reign over all living things.
The river deity Yemoja is often portrayed as a mermaid, even in West Africa, and she can visit all other bodies of water, but her home and the realm she owns are rivers and streams, especially the Ogun River in Nigeria.
River deities in Yorubaland include Yemo̩ja, Ọ̀ṣun (Oshun), Erinlè̩, Ọbà, Yewa, etc. It is Olókun that fills the role of sea deity in Yorubaland, while Yemoja is a leader of the other river deities.
In West Africa, Yemoja is worshipped as a high-ranking river deity, but in Brazil and Cuba she is worshipped mainly as a sea/ocean goddess.
In Candomblé and Umbanda Yemanjá is one of the seven Orixás. White roses are used as a ritual offering. She is the Queen of the Ocean, the patron spirit of the fishermen and the survivors of shipwrecks, the feminine principle of creation, and the spirit of moonlight. Saturday is the consecrated day of Yemanjá.
- Colors: light blue and crystal
- Ritual garment color: light blue
- Ritual jewelry or necklace: crystalline beads
- Ritual salutation: Odô-Iya,Erù-Iya,Odôfiaba
- Symbols: shells, sea stones
In Brazil Yemanjá is syncretized with Our Lady of Navigators (Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes) and Our Lady of the Conception (Nossa Senhora de Conceição).
Sacred objects associated with Yemanjá that are placed in the pegi, the room or space dedicated to an orixá, include:
- Dishes and porcelain
- Earthen basins
- Fruits, namely obi (Cola acuminata) and the bitter kola nut (Garcinia kola)
- White jars or pitchers
- White medals or coins
Guinea fowl, ducks, hens, she-goat are sacrificed ("orô") on festival days associated with Yemanjá in the Candomblé tradition. Animals sacrificed to Yemonja must be thrown in the water for their disposal.
- Angu, manioc or maize flour boiled in water or milk
- Corn meal
- Lelé, a drink of white corn meal boiled in coconut milk
- Obi, the fruit of Cola acuminata
- Onion, referred to as alubaça
- White corn
- In Salvador, Bahia, Iemanjá is celebrated by Candomblé on the same day consecrated by the Catholic Church to Our Lady of Seafaring (Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes). Every February 2, thousands of people line up at dawn to leave their offerings at her shrine in Rio Vermelho. Gifts for Iemanjá include flowers and objects of female vanity (perfume, jewelry, combs, lipsticks, mirrors). These are gathered in large baskets and taken out to the sea by local fishermen. Afterwards a massive street party ensues.
- In Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, on February 2, the image of Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes is carried to the port of Pelotas. Before the closing of the Catholic feast, the boats stop and host the Umbanda followers that carry the image of Iemanjá, in a syncretic meeting that is watched by thousand of people on the shore.
- Iemanjá is also celebrated every December 8 in Salvador, Bahia. The Festa da Conceição da Praia (Feast to Our Lady of Conception of the church at the beach) is a city holiday dedicated to the Catholic saint and also to Iemanjá. Another feast occurs on this day in the Pedra Furada, Monte Serrat in Salvador, Bahia, called the Gift to Iemanjá, when fishermen celebrate their devotion to the Queen of the Ocean.
- In São Paulo State, Iemanjá is celebrated in the two first weekends of December on the shores of Praia Grande city. During these days many vehicles garnished with Iemanjá icons and colors (white and blue) roam from the São Paulo mountains to the sea littoral, some of them traveling hundreds of miles. Thousands of people rally near Iemanjá's statue in Praia Grande beach.
- On New Year's Eve in Brazil, millions of Brazilians, of all religions, dressed in white gather on the beaches to greet the New Year, watch fireworks, and throw white flowers and other offerings into the sea for the goddess in the hopes that she will grant them their requests for the coming year. Some send their gifts to lemanjá in wooden toy boats. Jumping seven waves is also common. Paintings of lemanjá are sold in Rio shops, next to paintings of Jesus and other Catholic saints. They portray her as a woman rising out of the sea. Small offerings of flowers and floating candles are left in the sea on many nights at Copacabana. 
In Santería or regla de ocha, Yemayá is the mother of all living things as well as the owner of the oceans and seas.
- Colors: There are many roads to Yemayá, Okute, Asesú, Achabá and Mayelewo are some of them, and each one has a color combination having all blue as a common denominator.
- Ritual garment color: Blue.
- Ritual number: Seven.
- Ritual jewelry or necklace: Seven blue beads followed by seven crystalline beads.
- Ritual salutation: Omío Yemayá
- Symbols: Shells, sea stones, fish, fishnets, anchors, everything that pertains to the sea.
When a Yemayá is born it ritually eats duck, but after that only Assesú road has that bird sacrificed to her. The other feathers sacrificed are roosters and rams as four legged animals.
Ritual foods or adimús
- Cane syrup, called melado in Spanish.
- Malarrabia, a Cuban dessert.
- Gofio, flour made from roasted grains.
- Pork rinds.
- In Havana, Cuba, Yemayá is celebrated on the 7th of September. There is a procession in the municipality of Regla, home of Our Lady of Regla Church, which takes place around that date, which is a tradition that was initiated by slaves Cabildos and their descent, namely Susana Cantero -Omí Toké- and Pepa Herrera -Echu Bí-. 
- It is common for regla de ocha initiated priests and priestess to keep a vigil for Yemayá on September 6th which is called vísperas.
In Montevideo, worshippers gather on Ramirez Beach in the Parque Rodo neighborhood every February 2 to celebrate Iemanjá Day. Hundreds of thousands sit waiting for the sunset before they launch small boats with offerings into the ocean.
In 2015, the Uruguayan government estimated that 100,000 people had visited the beach for the celebrations.
In popular culture
- ^ abAdeoye, C. L. (1989). Ìgbàgbọ́ àti ẹ̀sìn Yorùba (in Yoruba). Ibadan: Evans Bros. Nigeria Publishers. pp. 220–227. ISBN .
- ^ abcde"Iemanjá". Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience (2nd ed.). Oxford African American Studies Center: New York. 2008.
- ^ abcdefMagalhães, Elyette Guimarães de (2003). Orixás da Bahia (in Portuguese) (8a ed.). Salvador, Bahia: Secretaria da Cultura e Turismo. pp. 147–148.
- ^Lody, Raul (2003). Dicionário de arte sacra & técnicas afro-brasileiras (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Pallas. p. 237. ISBN .
- ^"Mother of the Waters" (1988) a film by Elisa Mereghetti Tesser offers a poetic evocation of this ceremony with interviews in which devotees describe their relationship to the goddess and how she has appeared to them.
- ^Mason, P.H. (2016) Fight-dancing and the Festival: Tabuik in Pariaman, Indonesia, and Iemanjá in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. Martial Arts Studies Journal, 2, 71-90. DOI: 10.18573/j.2016.10065
- ^Pelo Rio Grande - Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes é homenageada com procissões
- ^http://www.bbc.com/portuguese/brasil-42375112 What are the origins of the traditions of the Brazilian New Year's Eve
- ^A. De LA Torre, Miguel; La Torre, Miguel A., De (2004). Santería: the beliefs and rituals of a growing religion in America. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co. pp. 97–98. ISBN .
- ^"Devotos asisten a procesión de Virgen de Regla en La Habana CubanetCubanet". www.cubanet.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-07-30.
- ^"RENACE UNA TRADICIÓN | Isla al Sur". islalsur.blogia.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-07-30.
- ^"CUBA: El altar es católico, las ofrendas son para Yemayá y Ochún | IPS Agencia de Noticias". www.ipsnoticias.net (in Spanish). Retrieved 2017-07-30.
- ^Uruguay Festivals – Day of the Goddess of the Sea, Guru'guay
- ^Así se vivió la fiesta de Iemanjá en la costa de Montevideo, Subrayado, Feb 3 2015
- ^"LOOK: Stunning national costumes of Miss Universe candidates". ABS-CBN News. January 14, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
- ^"¿La sirenita o Yemayá? El intrigante traje típico de Miss Venezuela". El Farandi. January 14, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
- ^"Miss U bets in national costumes: The best, most creative, most hilarious". Lifestyle Inquirer. January 27, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
- ^"A pesar de la mala pasada del traje típico, Mariam Habach lució regia en preliminares del Miss Universo 2016". Noticia Al Dia. January 26, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
- ^"Miss Universe national costume show: Spectacular, outlandish, challenging". CNN Philippines. January 27, 2017. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
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Yemaya oya and
For practicing witches, Yemaya has a fierce, nurturing, gentle energy often associated with the moon and sorcery. As the "Mother of All," she is said to help in matters of self-love, fertility, emotional wounds, trauma, and healing work. But if you cross her, disrespect her terrain, or hurt one of her children, she has a serious anger streak. Wielding a broad blade, she’s known to “bathe in the blood of her enemies,” or manifest in the form of a tidal wave.
The story of Yemaya was originally brought over to Cuba via the transatlantic slave trade. Since Cuba was occupied and colonized by Catholic Spaniards, the practice of Santería was illegal. Under the highly-censored, Communist rule of Fidel Castro following the Cuban Revolution, the religion continued to be outlawed, and it was only until recently that it was openly recognized and legalized in the island country.
Like many religious practices outside the dominant norm, the Orishas and their symbolism, rituals, and folklore had to be kept a secret, and eventually syncretized with those of the Roman Catholic Church. And who is the reigning Lady in Catholicism? Mother Mary, of course.
Eventually, the practitioners, priests, and priestesses of Santería slowly syncretized the Goddess of the Sea – Yemaya – with the image of Mother Mary. In iconography, both holy mother figures are shown dressed in blue and white. One seen as giving birth to the son of God and one gave birth to all living things. Although the Virgin Mary is traditionally depicted as a white woman (a misrepresentation in history, but that’s another story), Yemaya is depicted as a woman of color. Radiantly rising from the sea, her dark skin shining under the moon, Yemaya rules over her domain with grace, beauty, and maternal wisdom.
It is said that Yemaya’s spirit transcends all, but it’s easier for us to understand divine forces when we attribute human qualities to them; from the Greeks to the Christians to the Hindus, virtually every world religion has done this for all iterations of modern "mermaids".
Yemaya is also often depicted as a mermaid. But symbols and iconography have a way of grounding the spiritual into something more tangible so that we can better understand it. And Yemaya exists outside narrow boxes of classification, outside of iconography. She takes all forms, yet we strive to put a face to her. It’s not her race, clothes, or even geographical limitations that define her, but rather her powerful presence.
The Orishas: Orunla, Osain, Oshun, Oya, and Yemaya
The orishas are the gods of Santeria, the beings that believers interact with on a regular basis. The number of orishas varies among believers. In the original African belief system from which Santeria originates, there are hundreds of orishas. New World Santeria believers, on the other hand, generally only work with a handful of them.
Orunla, or Orunmila, is the wise orisha of divination and human destiny. While other orishas have different "paths," or aspects to them, Orunla has only one. He is also the only orisha to not manifest through possession in the New World (although it does sometimes happen in Africa). Instead, he is consulted through various divination methods.
Orunla was present at the creation of humanity and the forging of souls. Thus Orunla has the knowledge of the ultimate destiny of each soul, which is an important facet of Santeria practice. Working toward one's destiny is to promote harmony. To move contrary to it creates discord, so believers look for insight as to their destiny and what they might currently be doing that runs contrary to that.
Orunla is most commonly associated with St. Francis of Assisi, although the reasons are not obvious. It may have to do with Francis's common depiction of holding rosary beads, which resembles Orunla's divination chain. St. Philip and St. Joseph are also sometimes equated with Orunla.
The table of Ifa, the most complex of divination methods used by trained Santeria priests represents him. His colors are green and yellow
Osain is a nature orisha, ruling over forests and other wild areas as well as herbalism and healing. He is the patron of hunters even though Osain himself has given up the hunt. He also looks out for the home. Contrary to many mythologies showing nature gods and wild and untamed, Osain is a distinctly rational figure.
Although formerly having a human appearance (as other orishas have), Osain has lost an arm, leg, ear and eye, with the remaining eye centered in the middle of his head like a Cyclops.
He is forced to use a twisted tree branch as a crutch, which is a common symbol for him. A pipe might also represent him. His colors are green, red, white and yellow.
He is most often associated with Pope St. Sylvester I, but he is also sometimes associated with St. John, St. Ambrose, St Anthony Abad, St. Joseph, and St. Benito.
Oshun is the seductive orisha of love and marriage and fertility, and she rules the genitals and the lower abdomen. She is particularly associated with feminine beauty, as well as relationships between people in general. She is also associated with rivers and other sources of fresh water.
In one tale, the orishas decided that they no longer needed Olodumare. Olodumare, in response, created a great drought that none of the orishas could reverse. To save the parched world Oshun transformed into a peacock and ascended to Olodumare's realm to beg his forgiveness. Olodumare relented and returned the water to the world, and the peacock transformed into a vulture.
Oshun is associated with Our Lady of Charity, an aspect of the Virgin Mary focused on hope and survival, particularly in relation to the sea. Our Lady of Charity is also the patron saint of Cuba, where Santeria originates.
A peacock feather, fan, mirror, or boat may represent her, and her colors are red, green, yellow, coral, amber, and violet.
Oya rules the dead and is involved with the ancestors, cemeteries, and the wind. She is a rather tempestuous, commanding orisha, responsible for windstorms and electrocution. She is a goddess of transitions and change. Some say she is the ultimate ruler of fire but allows Chango to use it. She is also a warrior, sometimes depicted as putting on pants or even a beard to go to war, particularly at Chango's side.
She is associated with Our Lady of Candlemas, St. Teresa and Our Lady of Mount Carmel.
Fire, a lance, a black horsetail, or a copper crown with nine points all represent Oya, who is also associated with copper in general. Her color is maroon.
Yemaya is the orisha of lakes and seas and the patron of women and of motherhood. She is associated with Our Lady of Regla, the protector of sailors. Fans, seashells, canoes, coral, and the moon all represent her. Her colors are white and blue. Yemaya is maternal, dignified and nurturing, the spiritual mother of all. She is also an orisha of mystery, reflected in the depths of her waters. She is also often understood to be the older sister of Oshun, who oversees the rivers. She is also associated with tuberculosis and intestinal disorders.
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He persistently pushes it deeper into his mouth. but his size does not really allow it: I have not yet met a larger member. but this is not all surprise: when he again takes it in his hand and pulls it up, I see his balls. I am on my knees in front of a grown man who fucks me in the mouth, in front of me his powerful thighs and big balls (sounds rude.
But they cannot be called testicles!).