Wood hand pipes

Wood hand pipes DEFAULT

Tobacco pipe

Tool specifically made to smoke tobacco or other products

This article is about pipes used for smoking tobacco. For information about the practice of pipe smoking, see Pipe smoking.

A selection of various pipes on a circular pipe rack

A tobacco pipe, often called simply a pipe, is a device specifically made to smoke tobacco. It comprises a chamber (the bowl) for the tobacco from which a thin hollow stem (shank) emerges, ending in a mouthpiece. Pipes can range from very simple machine-made briar models to highly prized hand-made artisanal implements made by renowned pipemakers, which are often very expensive collector's items. Pipe smoking is the oldest known traditional form of tobacco smoking.

History[edit]

Main article: Pipe smoking

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Some cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas smoke tobacco in ceremonial pipes, and have done so since long before the arrival of Europeans. For instance the Lakota people use a ceremonial pipe called čhaŋnúŋpa. Other cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas smoke tobacco socially.[1] The tobacco plant is native to South America but spread into North America long before Europeans arrived. Tobacco was introduced to Europe from the Americas in the 16th century and spread around the world rapidly.

As tobacco was not introduced to the Old World until the 16th century,[2] the older pipes outside of the Americas were usually used to smoke various other substances, including hashish, a rare and expensive substance outside areas of the Middle East, Central Asia and India, where it was then produced.[citation needed]

Workings of a tobacco pipe[edit]

Principle[edit]

A pipe's fundamental function is to provide a relatively safe, manipulable volume in which to incompletely combust a smokable substance. Typically this is accomplished by connecting a refractory 'bowl' to some sort of 'stem' which extends and may also cool the smoke mixture drawn through the combusting organic mass (see below).

Parts[edit]

Parts of a pipe include the (1) bowl, (2) chamber, (3) draught hole, (4) shank, (5) mortise, (6) tenon, (7) stem, (8) bit (or mouthpiece), (9) lip, and (10) bore.

The broad anatomy of a pipe typically comprises mainly the bowl and the stem. The bowl (1) which is the cup-like outer shell, the part hand-held while packing, holding and smoking a pipe, is also the part "knocked" top-down to loosen and release impacted spent tobacco. On being sucked, the general stem delivers the smoke from the bowl to the user's mouth.

Inside the bowl is an inner chamber (2) space holding tobacco pressed into it. This draught hole (3), is for air flow where air has travelled through the tobacco in the chamber, taking the smoke with it, up the shank (4). At the end of the shank, the pipe's mortise (5) and tenon (6) join is an air-tight, simple connection of two detachable parts where the mortise is a hole met by the tenon, a tight-fitting "tongue" at the start of the stem (7). Known as the bore (10), the inner shaft of this second section stays uniform throughout while the outer stem tapers down to the mouthpiece or bit (8) held in the smoker's teeth, and finally ends in the "lip" (9), attenuated for comfort.

Materials[edit]

The bowls of tobacco pipes are commonly made of briar wood, meerschaum, corncob, pear-wood, rose-wood or clay. Less common are other dense-grained woods such as cherry, olive, maple, mesquite, oak, and bog-wood. Minerals such as catlinite and soapstone have also been used. Pipe bowls are sometimes decorated by carving, and moulded clay pipes often had simple decoration in the mould.

Unusual pipe materials include gourds, as in the famous calabash pipe, and pyrolytic graphite. Metal and glass are uncommon materials for tobacco pipes, but are common for pipes intended for other substances, such as cannabis.

Pipes made of bamboobuds (handmade).

The stem needs a long channel of constant position and diameter running through it for a proper draw, although filter pipes have varying diameters and can be successfully smoked even without filters or adapters. Because it is molded rather than carved, clay may make up the entire pipe or just the bowl, but most other materials have stems made separately and detachable. Stems and bits of tobacco pipes are usually made of moldable materials like Ebonite, Lucite, Bakelite, and soft plastic. Less common are stems made of reeds, bamboo, or hollowed out pieces of wood. Expensive pipes once had stems made of amber, though this is rare now.

Typology[edit]

Pipe shapes[edit]

  • Apple. Subtypes: Apple, Author, Diplomat, Egg, Hawkbill, Prince, Tomatoe (Ball).
  • Billiard. Subtypes: Billiard, Brandy, Chimney, Panel, Oom Paul, Pot, Nose Warmer.
  • Bulldog. Subtypes: Bulldog, Bull Moose, Bullcap, Czech Bulldog, Rhodesian, Ukulele.
  • Calabash. Subtypes: Calabash, Reverse Calabash.
  • Canadian. Subtypes: Canadian, Liverpool, Lovat, Lumberman.
  • Cavalier. Subtypes: Cavalier, Pseudo-cavalier.
  • Churchwarden (Reading pipe). – Pipe with a long stem.

    Main article: Churchwarden pipe

  • Dublin. Subtypes: Dublin, Acorn (Pear), Cutty, Devil Anse, Zulu.
  • Freehand. Subtypes: Freehand, Blowfish, Horn, Nautilus, Tomahawk, Volcano.
  • Sitter. Subtypes: Sitter, Cherrywood, Duke (Don), (Stand Up) Poker, Tankard.
  • Tyrolean pipe.
  • Vest Pocket.

Calabash[edit]

Calabash pipe with meerschaum bowl. This particular example was made in the US by the Pioneer pipe company. First appearing in the late 1960s, these were sold as a cheaper alternative to European-made calabashes. The Vulcanite joiner and fussy bit are distinctive signs of the company's manufacture.

Calabashgourds (usually with meerschaum or porcelain bowls set inside them) have long made prized pipes, but they are labour-intensive and, today, quite expensive. Because of this expense, pipes with bodies made of wood (usually mahogany) instead of gourd, but with the same classic shape, are sold as calabashes. Both wood and gourd pipes are functionally the same (with the important exception that the dried gourd, usually being noticeably lighter, sits more comfortably in the mouth). They consist of a downward curve that ends with an upcurve where the bowl sits. Beneath the bowl is an air chamber which serves to cool, dry, and mellow the smoke. There are also briar pipes being sold as calabashes. These typically do not have an air chamber and are so named only because of their external shape.

A calabash pipe is rather large and easy to recognize as a pipe when used on a stage in dramatic productions. Although a British newspaper cartoon of the early 1900s depicts the British actor H. A. Saintsbury as the Great Detective smoking what may be a calabash pipe, its now-stereotypical identification with Sherlock Holmes remains a mystery.

Some commentators have erroneously associated the calabash with William Gillette, the first actor to become universally recognized as the embodiment of the detective. Gillette actually introduced the curving or bent pipe for use by Holmes, but his pipe was an ornate briar. Gillette chose a bent pipe, more easily clenched in the teeth when delivering lines.

While there are promotional stills of Basil Rathbone smoking calabash pipes as Holmes for other projects, most notably his radio show, in his first two outings as Holmes produced by 20th Century-Fox as taking place in the Victorian era, Rathbone smoked an apple-bowled, black briar with a half bend, made by Dunhill, the company known for making the best pipes at that time. In the next dozen films, the series produced by Universal Studios, with Holmes and Watson updated to the 1940s, Rathbone smokes a much less expensive Peterson half bend with a billiard-shaped bowl. A calabash is introduced in The Spider Woman but Holmes does not smoke it.

In the original chronicles, such as "The Adventure of the Copper Beeches", Sherlock Holmes is described as smoking a long-stemmed cherrywood (but not a churchwarden pipe) which he favored "when in a disputatious, rather than a meditative mood." Holmes smokes an old briar-root pipe on occasion, The Sign of the Four for one, and an "unsavory" and "disreputable" black and oily clay pipe in several stories, notably in "The Red-Headed League". Dr Watson declares it to be the detective's preferred pipe: “It was to him as a counsellor” ("A Case of Identity"); the “companion of his deepest meditations" (The Valley of Fear)..

Pipes with removable bowl[edit]

  • Falcon pipe with removed bowl.

Bowls are made of varying shapes and materials to allow the smoker to try different characteristics or to dedicate particular bowls for particular tobaccos. Bowls are not interchangeable between manufacturers.

Hookahs[edit]

Main article: Hookah

A hookah, ghelyan, or narghile, is a Middle Eastern water pipe that cools the smoke by filtering it through a water chamber. Often ice, cough-drops, milk, or fruit juice is added to the water. Traditionally, the tobacco is mixed with a sweetener, such as honey or molasses. Fruit flavors have also become popular. Modern hookah smokers, especially in the US, smoke "me'assel", "moassel", "molasses" or "shisha", all names for the same wet mixture of tobacco, molasses/honey, glycerine, and often, flavoring. This style of tobacco is smoked in a bowl with foil or a screen (metal or glass) on top of the bowl. More traditional tobaccos are "tombiek" (a dry unflavored tobacco, which the user moistens in water, squeezes out the extra liquid, and places coals directly on top) or "jarak" (more of a paste of tobacco with fruit to flavor the smoke).

Bowl materials[edit]

  • Briar – root of Erica arborea, prevalent material.
  • Meerschaum – mineral sepiolite called "sea foam".
  • Clay
  • Gourd
  • Porcelain
  • Synthetics
  • Ebony ("Zappi")
  • Cherry wood
  • Beechwood
  • Corn cob
  • Metal – used by Japanese kiseru and Arabian midwakh.

Briar[edit]

The majority of pipes sold today, whether handmade or machine-made, are fashioned from briar (French: bruyère). Briar is a particularly well suited wood for pipe making for a number of reasons. The first and most important characteristic is its natural resistance to fire. The second is its inherent ability to absorb moisture. The burl absorbs water in nature to supply the tree in the dry times and likewise will absorb the moisture that is a byproduct of combustion. Briar is cut from the root burl of the tree heath (Erica arborea), which is native to the rocky and sandy soils of the Mediterranean region. Briar burls are cut into two types of blocks; ebauchon and plateaux. Ebauchon is taken from the heart of the burl while plateaux is taken from the outer part of the burl. While both types of blocks can produce pipes of the highest quality, most artisan pipemakers prefer to use plateaux because of their superior graining.

Clay[edit]

A group of English clay pipes, from the early 17th to late 19th century, none complete, Bedford Museum, 2010

Ceramic pipes, made of moulded and then fired clay, were used almost universally by Europeans between the introduction of tobacco in the 16th century, and the introduction of cheap cigarettes at the end of the nineteenth.[3]

The material is not very strong and the early varieties had long thin stems, so they frequently broke, but were cheap to replace. It has been claimed that this fragility was somewhat intentional as it was utilized by Colonial American tavern keepers, for example, in renting the clay pipes to patrons. When the patron was done smoking the pipe and returned it to the keeper, the end of the stem was simply broken off so as to be ready for the next patron. However, there is no documentary evidence for this practice; it is known that communal pipes used in taverns were cleansed by being heated in an oven on special iron racks.[4]

Forming the pipe involved making them in moulds with the bore created by pushing an oiled wire inside the stem. The preferred material was pipeclay or "tobacco pipe clay", which fires to a white colour and is found in only certain locations. In North America, many clay pipes were historically made from more typical terracotta-coloured clays. According to one British writer in 1869, the French preferred old pipes and the English new, the middle class preferred long stems and the working class preferred short.[5] Short stemmed pipes, sometimes called cuttys or nose warmers in England, were preferred by those doing manual work as they could be gripped between the teeth, leaving both of the smoker's hands free.[3]

Later low-quality clay pipes were made by slip casting in a mould. Higher quality pipes are made in a labour-intensive hand shaping process.[6] Traditionally, clay pipes are unglazed. Clays burn "hot" in comparison to other types of pipes, so they are often difficult for most pipe-smokers to use. Their proponents claim that, unlike other materials, a well-made clay pipe gives a "pure" smoke with no flavour addition from the pipe bowl. In addition to aficionados, reproductions of historical clay styles are used by some historical re-enactors. Clay pipes were once very popular in Ireland, where they were called dudeens.

Broken fragments of clay pipe can be useful as dating evidence for archaeologists. In the 1950s, the American archaeologist J. C. Harrington noted that the bore of pipe stems decreased over time, so a late sixteenth or early seventeenth centuries pipe would have a stem bore diameter of around 9⁄64 inch (3.6 mm), but a late eighteenth century pipe would have a bore diameter of around 4⁄64 inch (1.6 mm). The size of bowls also increased over time as tobacco became a cheaper commodity, and later pipes tend to be more decorated.[3][7]

Corncob[edit]

The specifically American style of pipes made from corncobs are cheap and effective, even if some regard them as inelegant. The cobs are first dried for two years. Then they are hollowed out to make a bowl shape. The bowls are dipped in a plaster-based mixture or varnished or lacquered on the outside. Shanks made from birch wood are then inserted into the bowls. The first and largest manufacturer of corncob pipes is Missouri Meerschaum, located in Washington, Missouri, in the United States.[8] Missouri Meerschaum has produced the pipes since 1869.[8] General Douglas MacArthur and Mark Twain were perhaps the most famous smokers of this type of pipe, along with the cartoon characters Popeye and Frosty the Snowman.

Corncob pipes remain popular today because they are inexpensive and require no "break-in" period like briar pipes.[9][10] For these two reasons, corncob pipes are often recommended as a "beginner's pipe".[11] However, corncob pipes are equally valued by both learners and experienced smokers who simply desire a cool, clean smoke.[citation needed] Pipesmokers who wish to sample a wide variety of different tobaccos and blends also might keep a stock of corncobs on hand to permit them to try new flavors without "carryover" from an already-used pipe, or to keep a potentially bad-tasting tobacco from adding its flavor to a more expensive or favored pipe.[12]

Meerschaum[edit]

Meerschaum (hydrated magnesium silicate), a mineral found in small shallow deposits mainly around the city of Eskişehir in central Turkey, is prized for the properties which allow it to be carved into finely detailed decorative and figural shapes. It has been used since the 17th century and, with clay pipes, represented the most common medium for pipes before the introduction of briar as the material of choice in the 19th century. The word "meerschaum" means "sea foam" in German, alluding to its natural white color and its surprisingly low weight. Meerschaum is a very porous mineral that absorbs elements of the tobacco during the smoking process, and gradually changes color to a golden brown. Old, well-smoked meerschaum pipes are valued by collectors for their distinctive coloring.

Meerschaum pipes can either be carved from a block of meerschaum, or made from meerschaum dust collected after carving and mixed with a binder then pressed into a pipe shape. The latter are far less absorbent, color in blotches, and lack the smoking quality of the block carved pipe.[original research?]

Synthetics[edit]

Venturi pipe of synthetic materials

A variety of other materials may also be used for pipes. The Redmanol corporation manufactured pipes with translucent stems in the 1920s and a series of pipes were manufactured and distributed by the Tar Gard (later Venturi) Corporation of San Francisco from 1965 to 1975. Marketed under names such as "the pipe", "The Smoke" and "Venturi", they used materials such as pyrolytic graphite, phenolic resin, nylon, Bakelite and other synthetics, allowing for higher temperatures in the bowl, reduced tar, and aesthetic variations of color and style.[13] After Venturi stopped making pipes, several companies continue to make pipes from Brylon, a composite of nylon and wood flour, as a cheaper substitute for briar.

Briar bowl finish types[edit]

  • Brushed
  • Carved
  • Rustic
  • Sandblast
  • Smooth

Corn cob bowl finish types[edit]

  • Natural
  • Stained
  • Varnished (Polished)

Chamber types[edit]

  • Important is size – diameter and depth.
  • Chamber can be lined with other material, usually meerschaum or metal.

Tenon shapes[edit]

  • Army – Enables the pipe smoker to remove the stem from the shank while hot without fear of warping. Is often seen with a metal band around the shank.
  • Screw – Also allows for the immediate removal of the stem from the shank for cleaning while still hot. Often seen on pipes with stingers, allowing the pipe smoker to clean the stinger while still hot, making the task much easier.
  • Standard
  • Standard (up) and Army tenon shape.

Filter types[edit]

  • None
  • Cooler (Stinger)
  • 6 mm
  • 9 mm
  • Other, e.g. Falcon dry ring.
  • None (left), cooler, 6 mm, 9 mm, Falcon dry ring.

  • None (left), cooler, 6 mm inserted, 9 mm inserted, Falcon dry ring inserted.

Stem materials[edit]

  • Acrylic
  • Amber
  • Bakelite
  • Cumberland (Brindle)
  • Ebonite
  • Horn (Keratin)
  • Plastic
  • Metal, e.g. Aluminium. Metal stem serves as a heat sink.
  • Anodized aluminium with white plastic bit (up), amber plastic, ebonite and acrylic stems.

Stem shapes[edit]

  • Combination
  • Saddle
  • Tapered
  • Tapered (up) and saddle stem.

Stem curvatures[edit]

  • Straight
  • Slightly bent (semi-straight, half bent)
  • Bent
  • Straight (up), slightly bent and bent stem.

Bit shapes[edit]

  • Denture
  • Fishtail
  • P-lip
  • Standard

Bit sizes[edit]

  • Regular (single bore)
  • Double bore
  • Wide comfort
  • Double comfort

Accessories[edit]

Filters[edit]

Used to absorb moisture, tar and nicotine. Made of:

  • Paper
  • Balsa wood
  • Meerschaum
  • Charcoal (activated carbon)
  • Other, e.g. Falcon dry ring or Denicool filter crystals.

Filters can be single- or double-sided. Double-sided filter has both ends ceramic that can withstand hot smoke. Single-sided filter has ceramic end to the bowl and plastic end to the stem.

  • Smoking pipe filters. Left to right: 6 mm paper. 6 mm charcoal. 9 mm paper. 9 mm charcoal one-sided. 9 mm meerschaum. 9 mm balsa wood. Falcon dry ring.

  • Disassembled smoking pipe filter. 9 mm paper.

  • Disassembled smoking pipe filter. 9 mm charcoal. One-sided.

  • Disassembled smoking pipe filter. 9 mm meerschaum.

  • Smoking pipe filter crystals.

Use[edit]

Smoking a pipe requires more apparatus and technique than cigarette or even cigar smoking. In addition to the pipe itself and matches or a pipe lighter, smokers usually require a pipe tool for packing, adjusting, and emptying the tobacco in the bowl, and a regular supply of pipe cleaners.

Tobacco[edit]

Ready rubbed pipe tobacco inside a round 100g tin
A typical ready-rubbed pipe tobacco, sold in a tin

Tobaccos for smoking in pipes are often carefully treated and blended to achieve flavour nuances not available in other tobacco products. Many of these are blends using staple ingredients of variously cured Burley and Virginia tobaccos which are enhanced by spice tobaccos, among them many Oriental or Balkan varietals, Latakia (a fire-cured spice tobacco of Syrian origin, but now made in other regions, such as, Cyprus and Lebanon ), Perique (uniquely grown in St. James Parish, Louisiana) which is also an old method of fermentation, or blends of Virginia and Burley tobaccos of African, Indian, or South American origins. Traditionally, many U.S. blends are made of American Burley with sweeteners and flavorings added to create an "aromatic" flavor, whereas "English" blends are based on natural Virginia tobaccos enhanced with Oriental and other natural tobaccos. There is a growing tendency towards "natural" tobaccos which derive their aromas from artful blending with selected spice tobaccos only and careful, often historically-based, curing processes.

Pipe tobacco can be purchased in several forms, which vary both in flavour (leading to many blends and opportunities for smokers to blend their own tobaccos) and in the physical shape and size to which the tobacco has been reduced. Most pipe tobaccos are less mild than cigarette tobacco, substantially more moist and cut much more coarsely. Too finely cut tobacco does not allow enough air to flow through the pipe, and overly dry tobacco burns too quickly with little flavour. Pipe tobacco must be kept in an airtight container, such as a canning jar or sealed tin, to keep from drying out.

Some pipe tobaccos are cut into long narrow ribbons. Some are pressed into flat plugs which are sliced into flakes. Others are tightly wound into long ropes, then sliced into discs. Plug tobacco is maintained in its pressed block form and sold in small blocks. The plug will be sliced into thin flakes by the smoker and then prepared in a similar fashion to flake tobacco. It is considered that plug tobacco holds its flavor better than rubbed or flake tobacco. Flake tobacco (sliced cakes or ropes) may be prepared in several ways. Generally it is rubbed out with the fingers and palms until it is loose enough to pack. It can also be crumbled or simply folded and stuffed into a pipe. Some people also prefer to dice up very coarse tobaccos before using them, making them easier to pack.

Packing[edit]

In the most common method of packing, tobacco is added to the bowl of the pipe in several batches, each one pressed down until the mixture has a uniform density that optimizes airflow (something that it is difficult to gauge without practice). This can be done with a finger or thumb, but if the tobacco needs to be repacked later, while it is burning, the tamper on a pipe tool is sometimes used. If it needs to be loosened, the reamer, or any similar long pin can be used. A traditional way of packing the pipe is to fill the bowl and then pack gently to about 1⁄3 full, fill again and pack slightly more firmly to about 2⁄3 full, and then pack more firmly still to the top.

An alternative packing technique called the Frank method involves lightly dropping tobacco in the pipe, after which a large plug is gingerly pushed into the bowl all at once.

Lighting[edit]

Matches, or separately lit slivers of wood are often considered preferable to lighters because of lower burning temperature. Butane lighters made specifically for pipes emit flame sideways or at an angle to make it easier to direct flame into the bowl. Torch-style lighters should never be used to light a pipe because their flames are too hot and can char the rim of the pipe bowl. Matches should be allowed to burn for several seconds to allow the sulfur from the tip to burn away and the match to produce a full flame. A naphtha fueled lighter should also be allowed to burn a few seconds to get rid of stray naphtha vapors that could give a foul taste to the smoke. When a flame has been produced, it is then moved in circles above the rim of the bowl while the smoker puffs to draw the flame down and light the tobacco. Packing method and humidity can affect how often a pipe must be relit.

Burning prevention[edit]

With care, a briar pipe can last a very long time without burning out. However, due to aggressive (hot) smoking or imperfections in the wood, a hole can be burned in the tobacco chamber of the pipe. There are several methods used to help prevent a wood pipe from burning out. These generally involve coating the chamber with any of a variety of substances, or by gently smoking a new pipe to build up a cake (a mixture of ash, unburned tobacco, oils, sugars, and other residue) on the walls.

These coatings may include honey and water; powdered sugar and water; cigar ash and water; and sour cream, buttermilk, and activated charcoal among many others.

Many modern briar pipes are pre-treated by the manufacturer to resist burning. If smoked correctly, the cake will build up properly on its own. Another technique is to alternate a half-bowl and a full-bowl the first several times the pipe is used to build an even cake. Burley is often recommended to help a new pipe build cake.

The caked layer that helps prevent burning through the bottom or sides of a briar wood pipe may damage other pipes, such as meerschaum or clay. As the cake layer heats up, it expands and may cause cracks or breaks in non-briar pipes.

Smoking[edit]

Main article: Pipe smoking

Pipe smoke, like cigar smoke, is usually not inhaled. It is merely brought into the mouth, pumped around oral and nasal cavities to permit absorption of nicotine toward the brain through the mucous membranes, and released. It is normal to have to relight a pipe periodically. If it is smoked too slowly, this will happen more often. If it is smoked too quickly, it can produce excess moisture causing a gurgling sound in the pipe and an uncomfortable sensation on the tongue (referred to as "pipe tongue", or more commonly, "tongue bite").

A pipe cleaner can be used to dry out the bowl and, wetted with alcohol, the inner channel. The bowl of the pipe can also become uncomfortably hot, depending on the material and the rate of smoking. For this reason, clay pipes in particular are often held by the stem. Meerschaum pipes are held in a square of chamois leather, with gloves, or else by the stem in order to prevent uneven coloring of the material.

smoking techniques

  • A pipe-smoking woman with cigarette plow

Cleaning[edit]

The ash and the last bits of unburned tobacco, known as dottle, should be cleaned out with a suitable pipe tool. A soft or bristle pipe cleaner, which may be moistened with strong spirits, is then run through the airways of the stem and shank to remove any moisture, ash, and other residue before the pipe is allowed to dry. A pipe should be allowed to cool before removing the stem to avoid the possibility of warping it.

A cake of ash eventually develops inside the bowl. This is generally considered desirable for controlling overall heat. However, if it becomes too thick, it may expand faster than the bowl of the pipe itself when heated, cracking the bowl. Before reaching this point, it needs to be scraped down with a reamer. It is generally recommended to keep the cake at approximately the thickness of a U.S. dime (about 1/20 of an inch or 1.5 mm), though sometimes the cake is removed entirely as part of efforts to eliminate flavors or aromas.

Cake is considered undesirable in meerschaum pipes because it can easily crack the bowl or interfere with the mineral's natural porosity. Meerschaum also softens when heated so it is recommended to allow meerschaum pipes to cool before cleaning as people have been known to push pipe cleaners through the walls of heated pipes.

Regardless whether a pipe is cleaned after every smoke, over time there is a buildup of cake in the bowl and tars in the internals of a smoking pipe. The cake can be controlled by gentle reaming, but a buildup of tars in the shank and airway of a pipe is more difficult to deal with. This may require the services of a professional pipe restorer to properly clean and sanitize the pipe.[14]

Sweetening[edit]

When tobacco is burned, oils from adjoining not yet ignited particles vaporize and condense into the existing cake on the walls of the bowl and shank. Over time, these oils can oxidize and turn rancid, causing the pipe to give a sour or bitter smoke. A purported countermeasure involves filling the bowl with kosher salt and carefully wetting it with strong spirits.[citation needed] It is important to not use iodized salt, as the iodine and other additives may impart an unpleasant flavor. Regularly wiping out the bowl with spirits such as vodka or rum is helpful in preventing souring. Commercial pipe-sweetening products are also available.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^""Episode 11 Tobacco Pipes" by Robert Cassanello". stars.library.ucf.edu. Retrieved 2016-01-11.
  2. ^Davey, Mike. "The European Tobacco Trade From the 15th to the 17th Centuries". University of Minnesota. Archived from the original on 6 November 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  3. ^ abc"Evolution of clay tobacco pipes in England"(PDF). Cambridge Archaeology Field Group. November 2012. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  4. ^Hume, Ivor Noël. "Hunting for a Little Ladle". The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Retrieved 12 February 2016.
  5. ^"The Bane without its Antidote", The Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle for 1869, reprint Cambridge University Press, 2013, ISBN 1108054870, 9781108054874, google books
  6. ^Newns, Sarah (2017). "The Clay Tobacco Pipes". Internet Archaeology (45). doi:10.11141/ia.45.3.4.
  7. ^McMillan, Lauren (July 2010). Put This in your Pipe and Smoke it: An Evaluation of Tobacco Pipe Stem Dating Methods(PDF) (Master of Arts thesis). East Carolina University.
  8. ^ ab"History of Missouri Meerschaum Company - The world's oldest and largest manufacturer of corn cob pipes. - Washington, MO". corncobpipe.com. Archived from the original on 2001-05-09.
  9. ^"Some Brief Questions About Corn Cob Pipes :: General Pipe Smoking Discussion :: Pipe Smokers Forums". pipesmagazine.com. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
  10. ^"How to break in a corn cob pipe". TobaccoPipes.com. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
  11. ^"Pipes for Beginners". Cigars International. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
  12. ^"Corn Cob Pipes: 7 Reasons to try one". TobaccoPipes.com. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
  13. ^Taylor II, Ph.D., Billie W. "A History of the pipe: Manufacturing and Marketing Pyrolytic Graphite Pipes from Development to Demise". Retrieved 2010-08-21.
  14. ^"It's All About The Aesthetics ....... Isn't It?". Archived from the original on 2014-11-11. Retrieved 10 November 2014.

Further reading[edit]

  • Bayne-Jones, Stanhope, Burdette, Walter J., Cochran, William G., Farber, Emmanuel, Fieser, Louis F., Furth, Jacob, Hickam, John B., LeMaistre, Charles, Schuman, Leonard M., and Seevers, Maurice H. (January 11, 1964). "Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the Public Health Office". J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 96 (11): 853–61. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.520.3208. doi:10.1093/jnci/djh144. PMID 15173269.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)[dead link]
  • Henley, S. Jane, Thun, Michael J., Chao, Ann, and Calle, Eugenia E. (June 2, 2004). "Association Between Exclusive Pipe Smoking and Mortality From Cancer and Other Diseases". Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 96 (11): 853–861. doi:10.1093/jnci/djh144. PMID 15173269.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  • The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobacco_pipe

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Features:

Durable

Resistant to scratche

Lustrou



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  • Wood Tobacco Pipes
  • Wood Tobacco Pipes
Wood Tobacco Pipes
Interested in this product?

Wood Tobacco Pipes

Rs 899/ PieceGet Latest Price

Minimum Order Quantity: 1 Piece

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ColorBlack
BrandRockys
Size5 Inch
FinishingEbony
ShapeSherlock pipe
Weight100gm
MaterialEbony wood

Ebony Wood pipes, Black wood and more wood pipes in our catalog.Ebony is a hard wood exotic wood, which is most used for Wood pipes. We do have a lot of exotic wood pipes, check out our store.

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  • Wood Tobacco Pipe
  • Wood Tobacco Pipe
Wood Tobacco Pipe
Interested in this product?

Wood Tobacco Pipe

Rs 2,000/ UnitGet Latest Price

Minimum Order Quantity: 1 Unit

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ColorMapple Brown
BrandRockys
Size7.2 Inch
FinishingWood
ShapeSherlock
Shape TypeSherlock
MaterialHardwood

Our organization is among the leading names in the industry for supplying and exporting Wood Tobacco Pipe to our valued customers. The offered pipe is in high demand as made from high-grade wood and procured from an authentic vendor base. It is trendy in terms of design and hygienic. This pipe is resistant to stains, wear & tear and scratches. Besides being unbreakable, it is seamless in terms of finish.

Features:

Resistant to scratches

Longer service life

Unbreakable



Additional Information:

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Wooden Rocky Pipes
Interested in this product?
ColorBrown
Size5 inch
FinishingWood
Design TypeSherlok
Usage/ApplicationSmoking
Shape TypeSherlok

Rockys is a well known brand by Leaf Enterprise. Available over and with other Resellers. Rockys finest  pipes are handmade in real wood.

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Wooden Smoking Pipe- Hybrid Glass
Interested in this product?
ColorBrown
BrandLeaf
Size4.5 inch
FinishingWood
ShapePipe
PatternWood

Hybrid Glass and wood pipes. Made of quality rosewood with glass stem .

We are among the prominent players in the industry for supplying and exporting Wooden Smoking Pipe. The offered pipe is made from high-grade wood and procured from a reliable vendor base for ensuring quality. It is extensively used for smoking and offers impeccable solutions. Being made under stringent parameters of hygiene, it is safe to use as well.

Features:
  • Light weight
  • Latest design
  • Long lasting


Additional Information:

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  • Wood Tobacco Pipe
  • Wood Tobacco Pipe
Wood Tobacco Pipe
Interested in this product?

Wood Tobacco Pipe

Rs 1,200/ UnitGet Latest Price

Minimum Order Quantity: 1 Unit

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ColorWooden Yeelow & Brown
BrandContinental
SizeCustomized

We have earned a sterling reputation in the industry for supplying and exporting Wood Tobacco Pipe. The offered tobacco pipe is stylish in terms of design and is extensively demanded among clients owing to its sturdy housing. This pipe is resistant to wear & tear and offers hygienic parameters for smoking. It is meant to serve for a longer period of time.

Features:

Longer service life

Resistant to wear and tear

Seamless finish



Additional Information:

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Smoking Tobacco Pipe
Interested in this product?
BrandContinental
ColorBlack & Brown
MaterialWood

Our organization is among the reputed names in the industry for supplying and exporting Smoking Tobacco Pipe. The offered pipe is made in tune with the industry standards for meeting the demands of the clients based across the country. This pipe is sophisticated in terms of design, resistant to scratches and seamless in terms of finish. It is easy to clean and maintain as well.

Features:

  • Easy to clean
  • Low maintenance
  • Trendy design


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  • Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
  • Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
Interested in this product?

4 Inch Classic Wood smoking pipe is very durable easy to handle and simple to maintain with little maintenance. This retro pipe is made with natural ebony wood Dark and unique hand carved tobacco bowl .

Additional Information:

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  • Rocky\'s Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
  • Rocky\'s Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
Rocky\'s Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
Interested in this product?
4 Inch Classic Wood smoking pipe is very durable easy to handle and simple to maintain with little maintenance. This retro pipe is made with natural wood Dark and unique hand made tobacco bowl .

Additional Information:

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  • Rocky,s Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
  • Rocky,s Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
  • Rocky,s Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
Rocky,s Retro Vintage Wooden Smoking Pipe Cigar Pipes
Interested in this product?
4 Inch Classic Wood smoking pipe is very durable easy to handle and simple to maintain with little maintenance. This retro pipe is made with natural wood Dark and unique hand made tobacco bowl .

Additional Information:

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Wooden Tobacco Smoking Pipe
Interested in this product?
Size5 inch
Colorebony
Materialwood

Original Rocky''s i-Beware of Cheap Fake productss

retro design

100% natural wood

Handmade tobacco pipe

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Sours: https://www.indiamart.com/continental-smoking-pipes/wood-tobacco-pipes.html
  1. Hxh predator
  2. Usb 3 right angle adapter
  3. Ballistic performance
  4. Waco ford
  5. Food stamp down

Wood Pipes

Antique Excellent Carved Wood Tobacco Pipe
Located in Berghuelen, DE
An antique hand carved wood tobacco pipe with fine carved hunting scenes and a lying dog on the lid. At the lower end a deer head. Executed circa 1880. Measures: length 16.14" (41...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century German Black Forest More Folk Art

American Rustic Country Style Hand Carved Burl Wood Pipe Holders, Set of 3
American rustic country style hand carved burl wood pipe holders, set of 3. Set of three hand carved solid burl wood pipe holders. Measures: Two smaller pieces 4.38 inches L x 2.5 ...
Category

Late 20th Century American American Craftsman Tobacco Accessories

Pipe Wood Carved Head Pig Kaiser Kultur Military
Located in Achterveld, NL
Satiric carved wooden pipe representing the head of a soldier or Kaiser with helmet in the form of head of pig, marked "Kultur", of early 20th century. The pipe is heavily used mili...
Category

Vintage 1910s French Tobacco Accessories

Burmese Wood, Bone and Brass Tobacco Pipe, Late 19th Century
A large tobacco pipe from old Burma (Myanmar), circa 1850. Solid wood bowl, chamber and shank. The stem is made of bone, attached to the shank by a mortise in solid brass, and a lip ...
Category

Antique 1850s Burmese Other Tobacco Accessories

Cigar Humidor, Estate Pipe Wall Cabinet, Black Forest Brienz Wood Carved Antique
Stunning Black Forest Brienz wood carved wall cabinet. Made in Germany in the 1880s or older. Some color spots, also some old repairs to the wood and a new lock, but this is old-age....
Category

Antique Late 19th Century German Black Forest Tobacco Accessories

Unusual Art Nouveau Woman, Carved Wood and Metal Pipe Holder Wall Plaque
Unusual Art Nouveau woman, relief carved wood and metal pipe holder wall plaque. Stunning nude, wonderful detailing.., bronze mounted, hand forged pipe holders, carved wood match hol...
Category

Vintage 1920s American Art Nouveau Mounted Objects

Swiss Brienz Black Forest Hand-Carved Wood Bear Pipe Tobacco Holder Stand
Located in Hamilton, Ontario
Black Forest hand-carved linden-wood hand-carved pipe tobacco holder stand also have seen examples of it used as a decanter or liqueur Stand with the holders being used for shot or s...
Category

Early 20th Century Swiss Black Forest Animal Sculptures

19th Century Asian Napoleon III Period Iron Wood and Brass Opium Pipe
Very nice Asian Napoleon III period blackened iron wood and gilded brass opium pipe. Dragon head on the top. Asian scripts on the wood. Very nice quality and condition.
Category

Antique 1870s Chinese Napoleon III More Asian Art, Objects and Furniture

Aldo Tura Goat Skin, Brass and Wood Italian Pipe Shaped Tobacco Box, 1940s
Amazing midcentury tobacco box in goatskin, brass and wood with the shape of a pipe. This fantastic item was designed by Aldo Tura in Cusano Milanino Italy for Macabo during the 1940...
Category

Vintage 1940s Italian Mid-Century Modern Tobacco Accessories

Italy 1940s Aldo Tura Goat Skin, Brass and Wood Tobacco Container, Pipe Shape
Tobacco container by Aldo Tura, Italy 1940s in goatskin, brass and wood. The container has two compartments, one for storing tobacco and another for storing and lighting the games. D...
Category

Vintage 1940s Italian Mid-Century Modern Tobacco Accessories

Antique French Hand Carved Burl Wood Figural Shoe Boot Pipe Holder Stand, France
Beautiful antique French hand carved burl wood figural boot/shoe pipe stand or holder. Made in France and is marked on the bottom. High quality and carved well. Burl has wonderful co...
Category

Early 20th Century French Tobacco Accessories

Authentic Sioux Plains Yellow Owl Pipe Tomahawk
Located in Coeur d'Alene, ID
Pipe tomahawk with outsanding file burnt stem and later added Ute beaded drop. This piece came from Yellow Owl, a Lakota Sioux along the Cheyenne River - then 90+ years old. Has been...
Category

Antique 1860s Native American Tobacco Accessories

19th Century Siberian Eskimo Pipe, Alaska
Siberian Eskimo people were introduced to tobacco in the 17th century, acquiring it from European traders in exchange for furs. Pipes based on European models, such as this example, ...
Category

Antique 19th Century Native American Objects

Materials

Wood, Leather, Hide

Antique Horn and Porcelain Tobacco Pipe, 1880
Located in Berghuelen, DE
A hunters pipe made of porcelain. With surface-mounted hunting scenes like stags, wild birds, hunting dog and a poacher which steels the game from the sleeping hunter. On the lid a f...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century German Black Forest More Folk Art

French 1950s Scottie Dog Pipe Holder Scottish Terrier
Located in Achterveld, NL
Midcentury carved wooden Scottish terrier pipe holder, France, 1950s. The pipe holder is in excellent condition. Measurements: Length 15 cm Height 13 Depth 6.
Category

Vintage 1950s French Mid-Century Modern Tobacco Accessories

Old King Cole Liberty Pipe Rack, Fiddlers Three
Located in Oxfordshire, GB
Pipe Rack With John Hassall Print - Old King Cole. A wonderful John Hassall lithograph of 'Old King Cole and his fiddlers three' in original arts and crafts pipe rack frame. These p...
Category

Antique Early 1900s British Folk Art Musical Instruments

Meerschaum Hand-Carved Male Figure with Pipe Head
Located in Los Angeles, CA
Meerschaum hand-carved male figure with Pipe head, Hand carved items. By removing the head portion of the man, the head becomes a pipe. Very Well detailed carving and will work as...
Category

20th Century English Folk Art Tobacco Accessories

Carved Black Forest Tobacco Pipe with Beautiful Stag Figurines
Located in Berghuelen, DE
A marvellous antique hand carved tobacco pipe with fine carved hunting scenes and a stag on the carved horn lid. At the lower end a further stag. Executed circa 1920. Measures: le...
Category

Early 20th Century German Black Forest More Folk Art

Antique Pipe in Pistol Form Case, Vesta Revolver, circa 1890, French
A wonderful and very rare pipe in a case formed as a pistol, the main body opens to reveal a velvet lined compartment housing a pipe, the grip slides open to house matches as well as...
Category

Antique Late 19th Century French Tobacco Accessories

Sours: https://www.1stdibs.com/buy/wood-pipes/
Woodworking- Making a wooden pipe

I think that someone can look into the tent at any moment. Vika, for example. And my body already reacts to caresses - I spread my legs wider so that it would be more convenient for male hands to touch. My folds.

Hand pipes wood

She again turned her back to her son, but reached out and gently squeezed his already standing member. The guy began kissing his mother on the neck, stroking her breasts, slowly pulling up the hem of her robe. By the way, there was no underwear under it. Vitya bent his mother forward a little, took out his protruding male organ and began to push it between Larisa's legs.

Making a Simple Wood Pipe - Easy Woodcarving Project

I got up and went to the bath. Marina took the starpon out of me. And taking it off she began to untie me.

Now discussing:

He immediately came back, holds my chin with one hand, puts my panties in my mouth with the other. And now he abruptly spreads my legs, says something in his own way, his dick unceremoniously spreads lips and puts my cunt on himself. and all of me. he holds my thighs tightly, pulls on himself and fucks abruptly.

his balls hit his ass, he will drive him harder and drag and drag everything towards himself.



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