History of fairfax county virginia

History of fairfax county virginia DEFAULT

Interesting Facts About Fairfax County, VA

Officially the County of Fairfax, Fairfax County is in the Commonwealth of Virginia with an estimated population () of 1,, making it the Commonwealths most populous jurisdiction; along with Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia’s Metropolitan Statistical Area and Washington-Alexandria-Arlington, DC’s. The County is most likely known most for its history and heritage, but there is endless entertainment for anyone to choose from; and something for everyone to discover. Have a look at some interesting facts about Fairfax County, Virginia from its extensive history to little known facts..

Little Known Facts

Most people in the Fairfax County area may be familiar with what makes it unique and special, but “outsiders”, and even some of the locals, may be surprised to find there is a lot more to this place than they think; making it a “hidden-gem” to discover.

  • Its made up of , land areas in square miles.
  • Its average temperature is degrees Fahrenheit.
  • It has more residents than the states of Montana, Alaska, South Dakota, North Dakota, Delaware, Wyoming and Vermont.
  • If it was a city, its population would rank it as 10th largest city in the U.S.; making it larger than Atlanta, Boston or Charlotte.
  • Originally, Fairfax County included all of what are now Arlington County, Loudoun County and the cities of both Falls Church and Alexandria.

Historical facts

Anyone, and everyone really, knows Virginia has mega amounts of history dating all the way back s, but Fairfax County’s history started even before that.

  • In , King Charles II granted Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, whom the City of Fairfax was named for, 5-million acres.
  • In the s, Fairfax County was in the midst of the Revolutionary War.
  • In , the Fairfax County Courthouse – the county’s most historic building – was established.
  • From about through the end of the s roads and mills were built and industries of other forms increased.
  • In , the Town of Providence was established by a state legislature act.
  • Known as a village at the time, the Battle of Fairfax County Courthouse of June , was the first Civil War land battle. Two years later a second battle – Battle of Fairfax Court House – occurred on June 27, , defeating Union troops. Nevertheless, Jon Stuart, Confederate Calvary Chief’s movements were delayed delivering disastrous consequences a few days later in Gettysburg, for General Lee.
  • Late in the 19th Century, the Civil War came to an end – April – and the county’s economic rebuilding began quickly.
  • By the time Virginia was readmitted back into the Union – – it had recovered substantially from the war.
  • Fairfax was renamed Town of Fairfax officially in
  • Fairfax County became connected with Washington, D.C. in , with its new trolley line.
  • In , the Town of Fairfax was incorporated separating it from Fairfax County under Virginia law.

Be sure to check out our other resources all about the Fairfax area:

Sours: https://www.kaleslaw.com/interesting-facts-about-fairfax-county-virginia/

Fairfax County

Fairfax County, highlighted in map of Virginia

Fairfax County was carved out of Prince William County in The first county seat was near Tysons Corner, from which Courthouse Road connected to the port at Alexandria.1

The county was reduced in size in , when Loudoun County was created with a courthouse at Leesburg. In , the boundary was changed to accommodate residents west of Difficult Run. They traveled to Alexandria rather than Leesburg to sell farm products, and preferred to do business and engage with others at the Fairfax County courthouse. The General Assembly moved a slice of Loudoun County between the mouth of Sugarland Run and Difficult Run back into Fairfax County.2

in , land between the mouths of Difficult Run and Sugarland Run was returned to Fairfax County
in , land between the mouths of Difficult Run and Sugarland Run was returned to Fairfax County
Source: ESRI, ArcGIS Online

Fairfax County had to move its courthouse in , when 32 square miles with the courthouse and the port of Alexandria were transferred to the Federal government to become part of the District of Columbia. In , Fairfax County acquired four acres on a hill in the middle of the reshaped county from Richard Ratcliffe.

Fairfax County built its new brick courthouse on that hill, and Ratcliffe sold lots and built a tavern to accommodate people coming to court days. The General Assembly chartered the new town of Providence at the new courthouse in

The county seat of Fairfax County could not be falled "Fairfax" at the time. That name was already being used by Culpeper County, the only jurisdiction where George Washington was appointed the county surveyor.

Culpeper County changed the name of its coounty seat to "Culpeper" in When the town with the Fairfax County courthouse was granted a charter by the General Assembly in , it was called "Fairfax."3

the county seat of Culpeper was called Fairfax until
the county seat of Culpeper was called Fairfax until
Source: Library of Congress, A map of the internal improvements of Virginia (by Claudius Crozet, )

Fairfax County ended up acquiring acres to build a jail and other administrative structures around the courthouse. When the Town of Fairfax became the independent City of Fairfax in , the city's boundaries were drawn to omit the county's land around the old courthouse. It became a island of county-administered land surrounded by a separate jurisdiction.

In , a story office building was complete to house the expanding administrative offices for the fast-growing county. A new courthouse complex was constructed, along with Adult and Juvenile Detention Centers. The Historic Legato School was moved to the "island."

To accommodate the ancticipated growth in county offices, Fairfax acquired land west of the city and created a new government complex. The Board of Supervisors and most administrative offices moved to Government Center in The police, fire, and rescue agencies remained in the Massey Building, the story tower that was named after the first county executive.4

A new headquarters for those agencies was completed at Government Center and opened in The county then proceded to plan the demolition of the Massey Building, which would not be cost-effective to rehabilitate. One supervisor joked at the dedication of the new public safety building in 5

A few years ago when we were planning this building, we had a very legitimate concern [over] whether we could get the building done before the Massey Building collapsed in a cloud of asbestos-laden dust.

Source: Fairfax County

the old courthouse complex for Fairfax County is now a acre island completely surrounded by the City of Fairfax
the old courthouse complex for Fairfax County is now a acre island completely surrounded by the City of Fairfax
Source: Fairfax County, Massey Complex Master Plan Project

Lorton area, morphing over time
Source: Google Earth Engine

when first created, Fairfax County included land now part of Arlington and Loudoun counties
when first created, Fairfax County included land now part of Arlington and Loudoun counties
Source: Library of Congress, A plan of the county of Fairfax on Potomack River the middle of which is in 39&#;, 12' No. latitude. (by Daniel Jenings, ?)

Conserving Mason Neck

The Fairfax Grant

The Migrating Courthouse and Shifting Boundaries of Fairfax County

Transforming Tysons

The Water War Between Fairfax County and the City of Falls Church

Fairfax County,
Fairfax County in (note boundary is Difficult Run)
Source: Library of Congress, A survey of the northern neck of Virginia, being the lands belonging to the Rt. Honourable Thomas Lord Fairfax Baron Cameron, bounded by & within the Bay of Chesapoyocke and between the rivers
Rappahannock and Potowmack:With the courses of the rivers Rappahannock and Potowmack, in Virginia, as surveyed according to order in the years &

Great Falls area,
Great Falls area,
Source: Library of Congress, A map of Fairfax County, and parts of Loudoun and Prince William Counties, Va., and the District of Columbia

Fairfax County in
Fairfax County in
Source: David Rumsey Historical Map Collection, A Map of the State of Virginia (Herman Boye, )

the first () courthouse for Fairfax County was located at Tysons, as recorded on a Civil War map almost years later
the first () courthouse for Fairfax County was located at Tysons, as recorded on a Civil War map almost years later
Source: Library of Congress, The National lines before Washington (published in the New York Times, )

Tysons in
Tysons in
Source: Library of Congress, The vicinity of Washington, D.C. (by G. M. Hopkins, )

Merrifield/Mosaic District in
Merrifield/Mosaic District in
Source: Library of Congress, The vicinity of Washington, D.C. (by G. M. Hopkins, )

Vienna in
Vienna in
Source: Library of Congress, Atlas of fifteen miles around Washington (by G. M. Hopkins, )

western Fairfax County in
western Fairfax County in
Source: Library of Congress, Atlas of fifteen miles around Washington (by G. M. Hopkins, )

southern Fairfax County in
southern Fairfax County in
Source: Library of Congress, Atlas of fifteen miles around Washington (by G. M. Hopkins, )

Mason Neck in
Mason Neck in
Source: Library of Congress, Atlas of fifteen miles around Washington (by G. M. Hopkins, )

after George Washington's sister-in-law, Hannah Bushrod Washington, freed her slave West, he took the last name of Ford and settled in Gum Spring
after George Washington's sister-in-law, Hannah Bushrod Washington, freed her slave West, he took the last name of Ford and settled in Gum Spring
Source: Library of Congress, Atlas of fifteen miles around Washington (by G. M. Hopkins, )



1. "Timeline of Fairfax County History," Fairfax County, https://research.fairfaxcounty.gov/local-history/timeline; "How did Gallows Road get its name?," Washington Post, November 22, , https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/how-did-gallows-road-get-its-name//11/22/cbee4-adceab6_story.html (last checked May 9, )
2. "History," Loudoun County, https://www.loudoun.gov//History; James William Head, History and Comprehensive Description of Loudoun County Virginia, pp, Park View Press, , https://books.google.com/books?id=ryQSAAAAYAAJ (last checked May 10, )
(last checked May 9, )
3. "Brief History Of The Fairfax County Courthouse," Fairfax County, https://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/circuit/historic-records-center/courthouse-history; "Maps and Formation Information for Cities of Emporia through Hopewell," Library of Virginia, https://www.lva.virginia.gov/WHATWEHAVE/local/county_formation/locality_maps_bioCitiesEH.htm#Fairfax_City (last checked May 9, )
4. "Massey Complex Master Plan Project," Fairfax County, https://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/publicworks/capital-projects/massey-complex-master-plan-project (last checked February 10, )
5. "New Fairfax public-safety HQ allows for better teamwork, honors the past," Inside NOVA, October 30, , https://www.insidenova.com/news/fairfax/new-fairfax-public-safety-hq-allows-for-better-teamwork-honors/article_e62c4abbfe7-a9ad-6fbd73b.html (last checked February 10, )

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City History

The City of Fairfax

Farmers from eastern Virginia and Maryland began settling this area in the early s. Fairfax County, named for Thomas, the Sixth Lord Fairfax, whose family's land grant included all of Northern Virginia, was formed in    The City of Fairfax began as the Town of Providence in , a community built around the Fairfax County Courthouse, completed in at the corner of Little River Turnpike and Ox Road.

The area was a crossroads of conflict during the American Civil War with hardships and disrupted lives for everyone.  On June 1, , the first land engagement of the American Civil War was fought here resulting in the death of Captain John Quincy Marr, the first Confederate officer killed in the war. Confederate Major John S. Mosby and his partisan rangers' raid and capture of a sleeping Union general--Edwin Stoughton--here on March 9, did not change the Union control of the area; but the bold act remains one of the war's most-fabled stories.

From a crossroads of conflict, the area became a crossroads of commerce in the late nineteenth century.  the dairy industry propelled economic rebirth and the building of schools, churches, homes, barns, and businesses though along racially segregated lines.  In , the Town of Providence officially became the Town of Fairfax following Culpeper's name change from Fairfax to Culpeper.

 The early twentieth century, ushered in a myriad of technological ad transportation changes and the emergence of civic organizations, sports clubs, a Town police unit, and a volunteer fire company.  Travelers bound for Washington, D.C. and George Washington's Mount Vernon found accommodations in the motels and restaurants that sprang up along today's Routes 50 and   Fairfax High School, the Town's first four-year high school, opened in  

World War II spurred rapid growth across the region in housing, business ventures, and population.  Fairfax quickly changed from a rural to a suburban community.  In , the Town of Fairfax deeded a acre tract of land to the University of Virginia to establish a permanent home for what is now George Mason University, an innovative leader in higher education.

In , the Town of Fairfax was incorporated as the independent City of Fairfax; a new City Hall was completed in   The City built schools, established a bus service, expanded services to residents, and created a downtown historic district.  Today, the City--through its elected officials and citizen involvement--continually strives to meet the changing and challenging needs of an increasingly and multi-cultural community.

Rich in history and heritage, residents and visitors enjoy a small-town atmosphere and an abundance of cultural and recreational pursuits in the midst of a bustling metropolitan area.  As the City's first mayor, John C. Wood said in "Fairfax has a wonderful past and present and an even greater future."

 The City of Fairfax is committed to the letter and spirit of the Americans with Disabilities Act. To request a reasonable accommodation for any type of disability, call:  or

Sours: https://www.fairfaxva.gov/government/historic-resources/city-history
The History of Fairfax Station

Fairfax County, Virginia
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Fairfax County
NOTE: We will be placing data for the CITY of "Alexandria" on this site.  
We will be placing data for the COUNTY of Alexandria on Arlington County's site

"Alexandria" used to be part of the District of Columbia - and the current Arlington County used to be named Alexandria County - making things very confusing.  Check all our various sites for data and make use of our search enginewhich covers our whole domain name.

Fairfax County was formed in , from the northern part of Prince William County.  It was named for Thomas Fairfax, the 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, proprietor of the Northern Neck.  The oldest settlements in Fairfax County were located along the Potomac River.  George Washington Settled in Fairfax County and built his home, Mount Vernon, facing the river.

     The home of George Mason, Gunston hall, is located nearby.  Modern Fort Belvoir is partly located on the estate of Belvoir Manor, built by William Fairfax, along the Potomac.  The only member of British nobility to ever reside in the colonies, Thomas Fairfax, lived at Belvoir before he moved to the Shenandoah Valley.  The Belvoir mansion was destroyed by fire right after the Revolutionary War in

Located near Washington D C, Fairfax County was important in the Civil War.  The Battle of Chantilly, or Ox Hill, during the same campaign as the 2nd Battle of Bull Run, was fought in this county.  Bull Run is located on the border between Fairfax and Prince William County.  For most of the Civil War, Union troops occupied the county although the majority of the people remained sympathetic to the Confederacy.

Clifton - Herndon - Vienna

Falls Church - Fairfax (County Seat)

Other Populated Places
Annandale * Baileys Crossroads * Belle Haven * Burke * Centreville * Chantilly * Clifton * Dranesville * Dunn Loring * Fair Oaks * Fairfax Station * Floris * Fort Hunt * Franconia * Great Falls * Greenbriar * Groveton * Hayfield * Herndon * Huntington * Hybla Valley * Idylwood * Kings Park * Lake Barcroft * Laurel Hill * Lincolnia * Lorton * Mantua * McLean * Merrifield * Mount Vernon * Newington * North Springfield * Oakton * Pimmit Hills * Ravensworth * Reston * Rose Hill * Seven Corners * Springfield * Tysons Corner * Vienna * West Springfield * Wolf Trap * Woodburn * Woodlawn

A portion of Fairfax County is named "Alexandria", and is under the jurisdiction of Fairfax County; the city is sometimes referred to as the City of Alexandria or Alexandria City to avoid confusion.

Neighborhoods in Alexandria include Old Town, Eisenhower Valley, Rosemont, The Berg, Parker-Gray, Del Ray, Arlandria, West End, and North Ridge.  Many neighborhoods and cities outside of the Alexandria city limits, including Hollin Hills, Franconia, Groveton, Hybla Valley, Huntington, Belle Haven, Mount Vernon, Fort Hunt, Engleside, Burgundy Village, Waynewood, Wilton Woods, Rose Hill, Virginia Hills, Hayfield, and Kingstowne use an Alexandria address. These areas are actually part of Fairfax County, not the City of Alexandria. Many locals refer to the non-City-of-Alexandria area that has an Alexandria zip code as "Lower Alexandria" or "South Alexandria"; it may also sometimes be called "Alexandria, Fairfax County" [source: wikipedia.org]



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Virginia fairfax history of county

Fairfax County was created in from Prince William County. The name Fairfax was adopted from Thomas, sixth Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron.

In the exiled English King Charles II granted a huge area of land between the Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers, known as the Northern Neck, to eight of his most loyal supporters. By , one of those men, Thomas, Lord Culpeper, and Governor of the Virginia Colony, had acquired the interests of the others. When Lord Culpeper died in his vast land holdings of approximately 5 million acres passed to his only daughter Catherine. Catherine married Thomas, fifth Lord Fairfax. On their deaths the lands passed to their son, Thomas, sixth Lord Fairfax.

Thomas, sixth Lord Fairfax was the only Fairfax to actually reside on the Fairfax Land Grant. In he arrived in Virginia to personally survey his land holdings. Two years later, he returned to England until Upon his return to Virginia, he lived at Belvoir along the Potomac River in present day Fairfax County and later moved to an estate, Greenway Court, in present day Clarke County, Virginia.

While at Belvoir, Lord Fairfax made the acquaintance of a young man named George Washington whose family resided just five miles away at Mount Vernon. Lord Fairfax was sufficiently impressed with George that he employed him to survey his lands in the Shennandoah Valley. Surveyors were among the most prosperous professionals of the day. A surveyor could earn an income at least equal to the best trial lawyers in the colony. In addition many surveyors acquired large estates of the best lands because of their intimate knowledge of the country. Consequently, his association with the Fairfax family heavily influenced his fortunes and the course of our country.

Sours: http://www.fairfaxhistoricalsociety.org/
The History of Annandale

Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy

6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron.JPG

The county is named after Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (), Proprietor of the Northern Neck.

Parent County[edit | edit source]

--Fairfax County was created 6 May from Prince William County.
County seat: City of Fairfax

In , King Charles II of England granted the land between the Potomac and Rappahannock Rivers, known as the Northern Neck, to a group of his most loyal supporters. By , one of those men, Thomas, Lord Culpeper, and Governor of the Virginia Colony, had acquired the interests of the others. Upon his death in , his daughter Catherine inherited his approximately 5 million acres land holding. Catherine married Thomas, fifth Lord Fairfax, and upon their deaths in , the Northern Neck lands passed to their son, Thomas, sixth Lord Fairfax, and Baron of Cameron. [2]

Boundary Changes:[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County was formed in from the northern part of Prince William County. Prince William County was created in from a portion of Stafford County (and a part of King George County), Stafford County was created in from Westmoreland County, which was created in July from the northern portion of Northumberland County, itself formed in

In , the northwestern two-thirds of Fairfax County became Loudoun County. The current border between Fairfax and Loudoun was re-established in   In , the area that now encompasses Alexandria City and Arlington County was donated to the Federal Government during the creation of the District of Columbia in and designated Alexandria County of the District of Columbia until , when it was returned to Virginia as the independent county of Alexandria. In , the city of Alexandria seceded as an independent Virginia city and in , Alexandria County was renamed Arlington County.

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" () may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County: created in , original wills, marriage registers, and deeds as well as many other loose papers were destroyed during the Civil War; deed books for twenty-six of the fifty-six years between and are missing.[4]

  • Lost censuses: , ,

The records of some parents counties have also been lost:

  • Prince William County: created in , many county court records have been lost, destroyed, or stolen at various times. Scattered years of deeds, wills, and orders, as well as various bond books and a plat book, survive.
  • Stafford County: created in , many pre-Civil War county court records were lost to vandalism during the war. Scattered years of deeds, wills, and orders have survived as has an old General Index.
  • Northumberland County: created in , suffered some loss in a fire in the clerk's office on 25 October
  • Westmoreland County: created in , lost an order book for the period to theft, and many loose papers were damaged during both the Revolutionary War and the Civil War.

See also: Burned Jurisdiction Database, courtesy: Library of Virginia.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Fairfax County Virginia Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy.

If you are researching families who lived in Fairfax County, Virginia between the s and s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey and Sam Sparacio. Surname Index of Antient Press Publications. 14+ vols. McLean, Va.: R. & S. Sparacio, Antient Press, FHL Collection  P22s v. ; publisher's website: Antient Press.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

  • Grundset, Eric G. "Fairfax County Genealogy," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 3 (May-Jun. ) FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website ($).

African American[edit | edit source]

In , the town of Alexandria had one of the largest African American populations in Virginia.[6]

Guide to African-American Resources, Alexandria Library Local History/Special Collections is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.

  • Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence,
  • Virginia, African-American Funeral Programs, , index and images, incomplete
  • Lane, Estelle. "News of Interest to Colored Readers," Alexandria Gazette. is available online, courtesy: http://www.freedmenscemetery.org/resources/resources.shtml Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections].
  • Sweig, Donald. Registrations of Free Negroes Commencing September Court , Book No. 2 & Register of Free Blacks , Book 3: Being the Full Text of the Two Extant Volumes, , of Registrations of Free Blacks Now in the County Courthouse, Fairfax, Virginia. Fairfax, Virginia : Prepared for publication and published by History Section, Office of Comprehensive Planning, Fairfax County, Virginia under the direction of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors in cooperation with the Fairfax County History Commission, FHL Collection; reviewed by Elizabeth Shown Mills in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 86, No. 1 (Jan., ), pp. Review: FHL Collection; digital version of review at JSTOR($).
  • Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.
  • Voter Registration in Alexandria, Virginia: African Americans, is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.
  • Search the Library of Virginia's Virginia Untold collection for digitized images of African Americans of Fairfax County.
  • George Washington's Mount Vernon Slavery Database

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Individual Cemeteries:


  • Andrew Chapel United Methodist Church Cemetery, Dranesville
  • Brown's Memorial Cemetery, Dranesville
  • Gooding Family Cemetery, Annandale
  • Jerusalem Baptist Church Cemetery, Fairfax
  • Lee Chapel Cemetery, Burke
  • Lewinsville Presbyterian Cemetery, Dranesville
  • Mount Pleasant Baptist Cemetery, Herndon
  • Mount Zoar Cemetery, Fairfax
  • Pleasant Grove Cemetery, McLean
  • Pohick Churchyard Cemetery, Lorton
  • Saint Mary Cemetery, Fairfax Station
  • Sydenstricker Methodist Church Cemetery, Newington

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
13, %
13, −%
11, −%
9, −%
9, %
10, %
11, %
12, %
16, %
16, %
18, %
20, %
21, %
25, %
40, %
98, %
, %
, %
, %
, %
, %
1,, %
Source: "Wikipedia.org".



Manufacturers Census

  • " Manufacturers Census," Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jul. ) Available at FHL. [Includes Fairfax, Fauquier, and Loudoun counties.]

Union Veterans

Church Records[edit | edit source]

General[edit | edit source]
  • Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, . 3 vols. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., FHL. [Volume 1 includes a tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]

Scheel's map of Fairfax County, Virginia identifies the locations of early churches and meetinghouses circa The Family History Library has a copy: FHL Map E7s.

Baptist[edit | edit source]

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Alexandria ().[7] Minutes begin in  FHL Films Includes lists of members and baptisms.
  2. Back Lick ().[7]
  3. Bull Run ().[7]
  4. Difficult ().[7]
  5. Frying Pan ().[7]
  6. Hedgeman's River (), Jeffersonton, Va.[7] A history was published in Virginia Baptist Register, Issue 13 ().
  7. Popeshead ().[7]
  • Petition of Baptists (10, names!) and sympathizers from all over Virginia, dated 16 October , asking for an end to persecution of Baptists by the established church. After locating your ancestor, view the digital copies.
    – Digital copies at Library of Congress; also at Library of Virginia using the code word ""
    – Hall, Jean Pickett. "Legislative Petitions: the 10, name petition" transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vols. , with annotations in Vol. 39, (Richmond, Virginia: Virginia Genealogical Society, ) online at Ancestry($) and in book form at various libraries.

Fairfax County fell within the bounds of the Ketocton Association.

Church of England[edit | edit source]

Gotoarrow.png See also Cameron Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Fairfax Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Truro Parish

Quaker[edit | edit source]
Quaker Burial Ground, Alexandria, Va. database at Find A Grave. (81+ entries)
  • Woodlawn Monthly Meeting (begun )[8]

Court[edit | edit source]


  • Horrell, Joseph. "George Mason and the Fairfax Court," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 91, No. 4 (Oct. ) Digital version at JSTOR($).

County Court

Searches of Fairfax County Court Orders should begin with the Fairfax County History Commission and Edith Moore Sprouse's:

  1. A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the Courts, Fairfax County, Virginia, Parts I-III
  2. A Surname and Subject Index of the Minute and Order Books of the Courts, Fairfax County, Virginia, Part IV,
  3. Fairfax County, Va. Court Records,

They also created A Cumulative Subject Index to the Court Order Books of Fairfax County, Virginia,

  • Mitchell, Beth. Fairfax County Road Orders . Digital version at Smitherman.net - free. Includes name index.

Chancery Court

  • Indexes () and images () to Fairfax County, Virginia Chancery Records are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

Dumfries District Court and Superior Court of Law

  • Dumfries District Court Order Books, Original records, Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Va.; available on microfilm at FHL. [Dumfries District Court encompassed Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]

Fredericksburg Superior Court of Chancery

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg () had jurisdiction over certain Fairfax County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, ; District Court law books , v. A-F ; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H ; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books ; Hustings Court orders v. A-O ; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E ; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D ; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C ; Fredericksburg District Court () had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery () had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

Fairfax County Circuit Court
Chain Bridge Road, Room
Fairfax, VA
Phone: ()
Web Site: http://www.fairfaxcounty.gov/courts/circuit/archives.htm
E-mail: [email protected]
Types of Records: Marriage info ( to mid s); marriage records (s to ); birth and death info (s, s); birth and death records (); deed books (); will books (); tax records (); court minute books (); other early court files, pension records, war records, etc.

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogy [edit | edit source]

Compiled Genealogies by Surname

Compiled Genealogies for Multiple Families

  • The family of George Mason is treated in detail at the website Gunston Hall: Home of George Mason.
  • Liddle, Chester A. and Patricia H. Osisek. Families of Pohick Church, Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Virginia. Baltimore, Maryland: Gateway Press, FHL Collection has original edition and two supplements.

[edit | edit source]

  • Moxham, Robert Morgan. Belmont Plantation on the Occoquan, Fairfax County, Virginia. North Springfield, Virginia: Colonial Press, Available at FHL.

Immigration[edit | edit source]

Alexandria, along the Potomac River, and Belvoir Plantation, have been ports since colonial times.[11] Unfortunately, no official passenger lists survive for the eighteenth century.

  • Cantwell, John A. "Imported Indentured White Servitude in Fairfax and Prince William Counties, ," unpub. M.A. Thesis, George Mason University, [Cantwell identifies many of the servants he found by name. The individuals Cantwell identifies by name have been indexed in the Immigrant Servants Database (see below).]
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • The Port of Alexandria, MSS. Contains correspondence between the Secretary of the Treasury and the Collectors Office in Alexandria. A few are addressed to the Custom House in Alexandria. Letters cover FHL Film Item 6.
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Virginia are online at: Immigrant Servants Database.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

An early settlers map is available for Fairfax County. The cartographers plot the locations of pioneers from the era. The Family History Library has a copy: FHL Map Collection.

Grants and Patents

  • Davey. patents dated in what is now Fairfax, Fauquier, Northumberland, Prince William, Stafford, and Westmoreland Counties, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing, which is "Nova" in this instance); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
  • Beginning at a White Oak. Annotated land patents. Online at Internet Archive.
  • Gray, Gertrude E. Virginia Northern Neck Land Grants, . Vol. II. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry($). [Includes Fairfax County.]

Land Causes

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey, Sam Sparacio, and Dumfries, Va. District Court. Abstracts of Land Causes, Prince William County, Virginia. [] 2 vols. McLean, Va.: Antient Press, Available at FHL. [Includes Fairfax County.]
  • Wilson, Donald L. "Prince William County Land Causes," [] The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Aug. ); Vol. 3, No. 7 (Jan. ); Vol. 3, No. 10 (Apr. ); Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. ); Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jul. ); Vol. 4, No. 2 (Aug. ); Vol. 4, No. 3 (Sep. ); Vol. 4, No. 7 (Jan. ); Vol. 4, No. 9 (Mar. ); Vol. 4, No. 10 (Apr. ); Vol. 4, No. 12 (Jun. ); Vol. 5, No. 1 (Jul. ); Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep. ); Vol. 5, No. 6 (Dec. ); Vol. 5, No. 10 (Apr. ) Available at FHL.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Fairfax County Board of Supervisors. Industrial and Historical Sketch of Fairfax County, Virginia. Newell Printing Co., Digital version at Google Books (full-view).

Maps[edit | edit source]


Click a neighboring county
for more resources

  • Mitchell, Beth and Donald M. Sweig. An Interpretive Historical Map of Fairfax County, Virginia, in Showing Landowners, Tenants, Slave Owners, Churches, Roads, Ordinaries, Ferries, Mills, Tobacco Inspection Warehouses and the Towns of Alexander and Colchester. Virginia: Office of Comprehensive Planning, County of Fairfax, Available at FHL.

Migration[edit | edit source]

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers ," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. ) Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's Delinquent Lists appear on pp. ]

Military[edit | edit source]

French and Indian War[edit | edit source]
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Available at FHL. [Identifies some Fairfax Parish and Fairfax County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Fairfax County, see p. ]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia . Baltimore: Southern Book Co., Available at FHL US/CAN Book M2c; digital book at Ancestry($). [Identifies some Fairfax County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
  • Mayo, Sandra. "Fairfax and Prince William Counties in the French and Indian War," Northern Virginia Heritage, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Feb. ). Digital version at Historic Prince William.
Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Fairfax County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Fairfax County supplied soldiers for the:

- 3rd Virginia Regiment
- 10th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

  • Pierce, Alycon Trubey. "Wringing Northern Virginians Out of Final Pension Payment Vouchers, ," Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. ) Available at FHL. [Identifies married daughters and granddaughters of Revolutionary War Pensioners, and other persons mentioned in these records. Pierce abstracted entries for residents of Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Bookset. al. reprint: FHL Collection X2pc [See Virginia, Eastern District, Fairfax County on page ]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., , and Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Book M24ur; digital version at Ancestry($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page ]
  • Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War. By J.T. McAllister. Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co. Online at: Internet Archive
War of [edit | edit source]

Fairfax County men served in the 60th Regiment.[12]

Library of Virginia resources, War of

  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, ; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, FHL Collection M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Fairfax County, pp. Identifies War of veterans living in this county in ]
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 5th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).
- 6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company F (Fairfax Company aka Washington's Home Guard aka The Powell Troop aka General Johnston's Bodyguard Company).[13]
- 8th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company G (Scott's Company).[14]
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry. Company I (Fairfax Cavalry or Chesterfield Troop).[15]
- 17th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company D (Fairfax Riflemen).[16]

Records and histories are available, including:

  • - Virginia, Civil War, Service Records of Confederate Soldiers,
  • - Virginia, Civil War, Service Records of Union Soldiers,
  • - U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, at Ancestry — index (free)
  • - U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, at Ancestry — index (free)
  • Veterans Census Northern Virginia is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.
  • Civil War Era Burials - Alexandria National Cemetery is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.
  • Gailey, Charles K. et al. They Died in Centreville: A Study of Union Soldiers Who Died and/or Were Buried in Centreville, Virginia During the Civil War is available online, courtesy the Genealogy Center of the Allen County Public Library. NOTE: This is a 38 MB PDF file; allow time to download.
  • Harrison, Noel G. "Atop an Anvil: The Civilians' War in Fairfax and Alexandria Counties, April April ," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. , No. 2 (Spring, ), pp. Digital version at JSTOR($).
  • Johnson, William Page. Brothers and Cousins: Confederate Soldiers and Sailors of Fairfax County, Virginia. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co.,  Available at FHL. 
  • Notes on Locating a Confederate Ancestor is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.
  • Oath of Allegiance in Virginia, is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.
  • Volunteers for Freedom: Black Civil War Soldiers in Alexandria National Cemetery is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.
Civil War Battles[edit | edit source]

The following Civil War battles were fought in Fairfax County.

  • July 18, = Blackburn’s Ford, also known as Bull Run[17]
  • July 21, = Manassas I, also known as First Bull Run[18]
  • December 20, = Dranesville[19]
  • August , = Manassas II, also known as Second Bull Run, Manassas Plains, Groveton, Gainesville, or Brawner's Farm[20]
  • September 1, = Chantilly, also known as Ox Hill[21]
Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: and , , ,
World War I[edit | edit source]

Miscellaneous Records[edit | edit source]

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Virginia Naturalization Petitions,

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Indexes[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County Historical Newspaper Index ( nonconsecutive) index only - Free; includes:

  • Alexandria Gazette (; July 25, December 31, ; and May 3, January 20, )
  • Arlington County Record ()
  • Fairfax City Times ()
  • Fairfax County Independent ()
  • Fairfax Herald ()
  • Fairfax News ()
  • Fairfax News - Herndon Observer ()
  • The Local News ()
  • The Rambler, Washington Star ()
  • Reston Times (; January 6, ; ; ; ; and )
  • - Obituary Notices from the Alexandria Gazette, . Rev. ed. Willow Bend Books.
Online Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette () are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

  • - Virginia Journal (Alexandria, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • - Columbian Mirror (Alexandria, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • - Alexandria Times (Alexandria, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • - Alexandria Advertiser (Alexandria, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • - Columbian Advertiser (Alexandria, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • - Alexandria Expositor (Alexandria, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • - Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • - Alexandria Herald (Alexandria, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • - People's Advocate (Alexandria, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • - Alexandria Gazette (Alexandria, Va.) at Chronicling America - free.
  • - Obituary Index to the Alexandria Gazette, is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.
  • - Lane, Estelle. "News of Interest to Colored Readers," Alexandria Gazette. is available online, courtesy: Alexandria Library, Local History/Special Collections.
  • present - Springfield Connection (Springfield, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).
  • present - Reston Connection (Reston, Va.) at Genealogy Bank($).

Occupations[edit | edit source]

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (Together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from to Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, Available at FHL. [Includes sections on Alexandria and Fairfax silversmiths.]

Petitions[edit | edit source]

  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Petition from Fairfax County, Virginia, for Importation of Salt, November 23, ," see pp. ]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Local Court

King's abstracts are a good place to start:

Some individual's wills have appeared in print or in manuscript collections:

  • Holbrook, E. Richardson. Copies of the Wills of General George Washington: The First President of the United States and of Martha Washington, His Wife, and Other Interesting Records of the County of Fairfax, Virginia Wherein They Lived and Died. Washington, D. C.: National Capital Press, Available at FHL. [2 copies at FHL.]
  • Roberts, Mrs. Arthur John and Daughters of the American Revolution. Oklahoma Old Wills and Family Records. [Includes will of Charles Thrift, Sr., Fairfax Co., Va.] Available at FHL.
  • Will of John Littleton of Fairfax Co., Va. , Photocopy, available at FHL.
  • Pierce, Alycon Trubey. "Fairfax County, Virginia, Administration Bonds, ," National Genealogical Society Quarterly, Vol. 74 () Digital version at National Genealogical Society website($); FHL Book B2ng v. 74 ().

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., [Includes will of a resident of Fairfax County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [] Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Poll List for the Election of Burgesses for Fairfax County, , see pp. ]
  • [/] Steadman, Melvin Lee. Falls Church by Fence and Fireside. Falls Church, Virginia: Falls Church Public Library, Available at FHL. [/ tithables list for Fairfax County.]
  • [] Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Loudoun County, Virginia, Tithables, . 3 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., Available at FHL. [Volume 1 includes a tithables list for Fairfax County which identifies tithe payers and many of their religions.]  Ancestry Collection: Index to the Tithables of Loudoun County, Virginia, and to Slaveholders and Slaves, , courtesy: Fairfax County Chapter NSDAR.
  • [, ] King, Junie Estelle Stewart. Abstracts of Wills and Inventories, Fairfax County, Virginia . ; reprint, Baltimore, MD, USA: Clearfield, Original edition and reprint available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry($); and World Vital Records($). [Includes and rent rolls.]
  • [, , ] Sparacio, Ruth and Sam Sparacio. Fairfax County, Virginia Deed Books K-L (). McLean, Va.: R. & S. Sparacio, FHL US/CAN R2s v. 4. [Includes , , and Fairfax rental lists.]
  • [] Fairfax County Personal Property Tax Lists (images); digital version in Tax List Club at Binns Genealogy($).
  • [] - Personal Property (or Land) Tax List, ; index online at Revolutionary War Service website - free.
  • [] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the personal property tax list. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 2.]
  • [] Alexandria Personal Property Tax Lists (images); digital version in Tax List Club at Binns Genealogy($).
  • [] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers ," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. ) Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Fairfax County's Delinquent Lists appear on pp. ]
  • [, ] Indexed images of the and Personal Property Tax Lists of Fairfax County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [] Ward, Roger D. Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., Available at FHL. [This source is based on the land tax. Fairfax County is included in Vol. 4.]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Indexes to Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

  • Virginia Department of Health
Office of Vital Records
P.O. Box
Richmond, VA
Phone: ()
Web Site: http://www.vdh.state.va.us/vitalrec/index.asp
Types of Records: Birth and death records ( to ; since June 14, ); marriage records (since ); divorce records (since )
Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
  • - Virginia Marriages (Ancestry) ($).
  • - Virginia, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $
  • - Virginia Marriages (Ancestry) ($).
  • Virginia, Select Marriages, at Ancestry.com ($) — index
  • - Virginia, Bureau of Vital Statistics, County Marriage Registers, at FamilySearch — index and images
  • - Fairfax County Marriage Index Batch M at FamilySearch - free.</ref>
  • - Virginia, Marriage Certificates, at FamilySearch — index and images
  • Hiatt, Marty and Craig Roberts Scott. Implied Marriages of Fairfax County, Virginia. Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., Available at FHL.
Divorce[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County, Virginia Genealogy deaths are online in the Library of Virginia's Death Index of Virginia, , sponsored by Virginia Genealogical Society.

Vital Record Substitutes[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, (newspaper abstracts) is available at FamilySearch. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Libraries[edit | edit source]

  • Special Collections at the Barrett Branch of the Alexandria Library
Queen Street
Alexandria, VA
Phone: ()
Website: Alexandria Library
North Street
Fairfax, VA
Phone: ()
Website: The Virginia Room
E-mail: mailto:[email protected]
Hours of Operation: Mon-Thu AM to PM; Fri AM to PM; Sat AM to PM; Sun PM to PM
East Broad Street
Richmond, VA
Phone: ()
Website: Library of Virginia

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Gum Springs Historical Society
Fordson Road
Alexandria, VA
Phone: ()
Web Site: http://www.gshsfcva.org
E-mail: [email protected]
  • Mount Vernon Genealogical Society Resource Center
Hollin Hall Senior Center
Shenandoah Road, Room
Alexandria, VA
Web Site: http://www.mvgenealogy.org
E-mail: [email protected]
P O Box
Merrifield, Virginia
The Fairfax Genealogical Society (FxGS) was established in as a registered (c)(3) non-profit organization to promote fellowship and cooperation among persons who are conducting genealogical research and aid those doing research in our area. We currently have over members, including not only many who live in or near Fairfax County, but also many who are searching for information in our area.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Museums[edit | edit source]

  • Collingwood Library and Museum on Americanism
East Boulevard Drive
Alexandria, VA
Phone: ()
Web Site: http://www.collingwoodlibrary.com
  • Fairfax City Museum and Visitor's Center
Main Street
Fairfax, VA
Phone: ()
Web Site: https://www.fairfaxva.gov/government/historic-resources/fairfax-museum-visitor-center
  • Lloyd House,
    Alexandria, Virginia

Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

Fairfax County Virginia Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  1. ↑http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfax_County,_Virginia
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., ), Fairfax County, Virginia. Page At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book D27e
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., ), Fairfax County, Virginia . Page At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book D27e ; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, ),
  4. ↑Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records, 2, in Library of Virginia (accessed 4 April ).
  5. ↑Wikipedia contributors, "Fairfax _ County,_Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfax_County,_Virginia#Communities accessed 15 January
  6. Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, ), Digital version at Google Books; FHL Book X2pcu.
  7. Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (; reprint, Richmond, Va.: Pitt and Dickinson, ), Digital version at Google Books.
  8. Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, ), FHL Book K2wj.
  9. ↑William Wade Hinshaw, Thomas W. Marshall and John Cox, Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy (Ann Arbor, Mich.: Edwards Bros., ). Vol. 6. FHL Book D2he v. 6.
  10. ↑F. Edward Wright, Early Church Records of Alexandria City and Fairfax County, Virginia (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, ). FHL Book K2w.
  11. ↑Donald G. Shomette, Maritime Alexandria: The Rise and Fall of an American Entrepôt ().
  12. ↑Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., ), FHL Book M2bs.
  13. ↑Michael P. Musick, 6th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c). FHL Book M2vr v.
  14. ↑John E. Divine, 8th Virginia Infantry
Sours: https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Fairfax_County,_Virginia_Genealogy

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Fairfax County, Virginia

This article is about the county. For the city with the same name, see Fairfax, Virginia. For other uses, see Fairfax (disambiguation).

County in Virginia

Fairfax County

County of Fairfax
Mount Vernon mansion

Mount Vernon mansion

Flag of Fairfax County


Official seal of Fairfax County


Official logo of Fairfax County


Map of Virginia highlighting Fairfax County

Location within the U.S. state of Virginia

Map of the United States highlighting Virginia

Virginia's location within the U.S.

Coordinates: 38°50′N77°17′W / °N °W / ; Coordinates: 38°50′N77°17′W / °N °W / ;
Country&#;United States
FoundedJune 19,
Named forThomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron
SeatFairfax(independent city)1
Largest townHerndon
&#;•&#;Total&#;sq&#;mi (1,&#;km2)
&#;•&#;Land&#;sq&#;mi (1,&#;km2)
&#;•&#;Water15&#;sq&#;mi (40&#;km2) &#;%


&#;•&#;Density2,/sq&#;mi (1,/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
&#;•&#;Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts8th, 10th, 11th
1 Administrative and court offices are located in unincorporated areas in Fairfax County

Fairfax County, officially the County of Fairfax, is located in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. Part of Northern Virginia, Fairfax County borders both the City of Alexandria and Arlington County and forms part of the suburban ring of Washington, D.C. The county is thus predominantly suburban in character, with some urban and rural pockets.

As of the census, the population was 1,,[1] In , it was estimated at 1,,,[2] making it the Commonwealth's most populous jurisdiction, with around 13% of Virginia's population. The county is also the most populous jurisdiction in the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, with around 20% of the MSA population, as well as the larger Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area, with around 13% of the CSA population. The county seat is Fairfax, although because it is an independent city under Virginia law, the city of Fairfax is not part of Fairfax County.[3]

Fairfax was the first U.S. county to reach a six-figure median household income and has the third-highest median household income of any county-level local jurisdiction in the United States after neighboring Loudoun County.[4][5]

The county is home to the headquarters of intelligence agencies such as the Central Intelligence Agency, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and National Reconnaissance Office, as well as the National Counterterrorism Center and Office of the Director of National Intelligence. The county is also home to seven Fortune companies, including three in the Falls Church area; although not located in the independent municipality of Falls Church.[6]


At the time of first European encounter, the inhabitants of what would become Fairfax County were an Algonquian-speaking sub-group called the Taux, also known as the Doeg or Dogue. Their villages, as recorded by Captain John Smith in , included Namassingakent and Nemaroughquand on the south bank of the Potomac River in what is now Fairfax County.[7] Virginian colonists from the Northern Neck region drove the Doeg out of this area and into Maryland by

Fairfax County was formed in from the northern part of Prince William County. It was named after Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron (–), proprietor of the Northern Neck.[8][9] The Fairfax family name is derived from the Old English phrase for "blond hair" – Fæger-feax.

The oldest settlements in Fairfax County were along the Potomac River. George Washington settled in Fairfax County and built his home, Mount Vernon, facing the river. Gunston Hall, the home of George Mason is nearby. Modern Fort Belvoir is partly on the estate of Belvoir Manor, built along the Potomac by William Fairfax in

Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, the only member of the British nobility ever to reside in the colonies, lived at Belvoir before he moved to the Shenandoah Valley. The Belvoir mansion and several of its outbuildings were destroyed by fire immediately after the Revolutionary War in , and George Washington noted the plantation complex deteriorated into ruins.

In , the northwestern two-thirds of Fairfax County became Loudoun County. In , part of Fairfax County was ceded to the federal government to form Alexandria County of the District of Columbia. Alexandria County was returned to Virginia in , reduced in size by the secession of the independent city of Alexandria in , and renamed Arlington County in The Fairfax County town of Falls Church became an independent city in [10] The Fairfax County town of Fairfax became an independent city in [11]

Map of battles on Bull Run, near Manassas, on the line of Fairfax & Prince William Counties, in Virginia, fought between the forces of the Confederate States and of the United States of America&#;: Generals Beauregard and Johnston commanding the Confederate and General McDowell the United States forces, on the 21st of July, , from 7 a.m. to 9 p.m.[12]

Located near Washington, D.C., Fairfax County was an important region in the Civil War. The Battle of Chantilly or Ox Hill, during the same campaign as the second Battle of Bull Run, was fought within the county; Bull Run is the border between Fairfax and Prince William Counties. Other areas of activity included Minor's Hill, Munson's Hill, and Upton's Hill, on the county's eastern border, overlooking Washington, D.C.

The federal government's growth during and after World War II spurred rapid growth in the county and made the county increasingly suburban. Other large businesses continued to settle in Fairfax County and the opening of Tysons Corner Center spurred the rise of Tysons Corner. The technology boom and a steady government-driven economy also created rapid growth and an increasingly growing and diverse population. The economy has also made Fairfax County one of the nation's wealthiest counties.[13]

A general aviation airport located along U.S. Route 50, west of Seven Corners called the Falls Church Airpark operated in the county from to The facility's 2, foot unpaved runway was used extensively by private pilots and civil defense officials. Residential development, multiple accidents, and the demand for retail space led to its closure in [14][15][16]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of square miles (1,&#;km2), of which square miles (1,&#;km2) is land and 15 square miles (39&#;km2) (%) is water.[17]

Fairfax County is bounded on the north and southeast by the Potomac River. Across the river to the northeast is Washington, D.C., across the river to the north is Montgomery County, Maryland, and across the river to the southeast are Prince George's County, Maryland and Charles County, Maryland. The county is partially bounded on the north and east by Arlington County and the independent cities of Alexandria and Falls Church. It is bounded on the west by Loudoun County, and on the south by Prince William County.

Most of the county lies in the Piedmont region, with rolling hills and deep stream valleys such as Difficult Run and its tributaries. West of Route 28, the hills give way to a flat, gentle valley which stretches west to the Bull Run Mountains in Loudoun County. Elevations in the county range from near sea level along the tidal sections of the Potomac River in the southeast portion of the county to more than feet ( m) in the Tysons Corner area.

Adjacent jurisdictions[edit]


The Piedmont hills in the central county are made up of ancient metamorphic rocks such as schist, the roots of several ancestral ranges of the Appalachians. The western valley is floored with more recent shale and sandstone. This geology is similar to adjacent bands of rocks in Maryland and further south in Virginia along the eastern front of the Appalachians.

An area of 11 square miles (30&#;km2) of the county is known to be underlain with natural asbestos.[18] Much of the asbestos is known to emanate from fibrous tremolite or actinolite. The threat was discovered in , prompting the county to establish laws to monitor air quality at construction sites, control soil taken from affected areas, and require freshly developed sites to lay 6 inches (&#;mm) of clean, stable material over the ground.[19][20]

For instance, during the construction of Centreville High School a large amount of asbestos-laden soil was removed and then trucked to Vienna for the construction of the I/Nutley Street interchange. Fill dirt then had to be trucked in to make the site level.[citation needed]Marine clays can be found in widespread areas of the county east of Interstate 95, mostly in the Lee and Mount Vernon districts. These clays contribute to soil instability, leading to significant construction challenges for builders.[21]

Government and politics[edit]

Fairfax County uses the urban county executive form of government, which county voters approved in a referendum.[22][23]

Under the urban county executive plan, the county is governed by the member Fairfax County Board of Supervisors with the day-to-day running of the county tasked to the appointed Fairfax County executive.

Nine of the board members are elected from the single-member districts of Braddock, Dranesville, Hunter Mill, Lee, Mason, Mount Vernon, Providence, Springfield, and Sully, while the chairman is elected at-large.

In addition to the Board of Supervisors, three constitutional officers; the Commonwealth's attorney, clerk of the Circuit Court and sheriff, as well as the 12 members of the Fairfax County School Board, are directly elected by the voters of Fairfax County.

The Fairfax County Government Center is west of the City of Fairfax in an unincorporated area.[24] Fairfax County contains an exclaveunincorporated area in the central business district of the City of Fairfax, in which many county facilities (including the courthouses and jail) are located.[25][26]

Fairfax County was once considered a Republican bastion. However, in recent years Democrats have made significant inroads, gaining control of the Board of Supervisors and the School Board (officially nonpartisan) as well as the offices of sheriff and Commonwealth attorney. Democrats also hold all of the Fairfax seats in the Virginia House of Delegates and every seat in the Senate.

Fairfax County encompasses portions of three congressional districts, the 8th District, the 10th District, and the 11th District. Democrats represent all three districts with Jennifer Wexton representing the 10th District, Don Beyer representing the 8th District, and Gerry Connolly representing the 11th District.

Communities closer to Washington, D.C., generally favor Democrats by a larger margin than outlying communities. In elections in , , and , Fairfax County supported Democrats for U.S. Senate and governor. In , Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry won the county, becoming the first Democrat to do so since Lyndon B. Johnson in his landslide (the last time Democrats carried the state until ). Kerry defeated George W. Bush in the county 53% to 46%.

Democratic gubernatorial candidate Tim Kaine carried Fairfax County with over 60% of the vote in , helping him to win % of votes statewide. In , U.S. Senate candidate Jim Webb (D) carried the county with % of the votes, while winning the statewide election.

In the state and local elections of November , Fairfax Democrats picked up one seat in the House of Delegates, two seats in the Senate, and one seat on the Board of Supervisors, making their majority there 8–2.

On November 4, , Fairfax County continued its shift towards the Democrats, with Barack Obama and Mark Warner each garnering over 60% of the vote for president and U.S. Senate, respectively. Also, the Fairfax-anchored 11th District United States House of Representatives seat held by Thomas M. Davis for 14 years was won by Gerry Connolly, the Democratic Chairman of the Fairfax County Board of Supervisors.

Braddock supervisor Sharon Bulova won a special election on February 3, to succeed Gerry Connolly as chairman of the Board of Supervisors, continuing a Democratic hold on the office that dates to Delegate David Marsden won a special election on January 12, to succeed Ken Cuccinelli in the 37th State Senate district.[27] Following this election, Fairfax County is now represented in the Virginia State Senate by an all-Democratic delegation.[28]

In the congressional elections, Republican challenger Keith Fimian nearly defeated Democratic incumbent Gerry Connolly in the election for the 11th District seat, but Connolly won by votes out of over , cast (a margin of %). Jim Moran and Frank Wolf were re-elected by margins of 61%–37% and 63%–35%, respectively.

In , Fairfax County solidly backed Barack Obama for re-election as president, with Obama nearly equaling his performance thereby winning the county % to %. Former Governor Tim Kaine, running for the U.S. Senate in , carried Fairfax County with 61% percent of the vote as part of his statewide victory. Representatives Connolly (D), Moran (D), and Wolf (R) were also reelected.

Although Republican governor Bob McDonnell won Fairfax County with 51% in November , the Republican resurgence in Fairfax was short-lived. Four years later, in the November election, Democratic gubernatorial candidate Terry McAuliffe won Fairfax County with 58% of the vote, defeating incumbent state Attorney General and former Republican state senator from Fairfax, Ken Cuccinelli. McAuliffe's running mates, Ralph Northam and Mark Herring, also carried Fairfax County in their respective bids for lieutenant governor and attorney general. These Democratic victories mirrored the Democratic ticket's sweep of the state's three executive offices for the first time since

In the general election, Fairfax continued its trend towards Democratic candidates. Congressmen Beyer (D) and Connolly (D) were reelected, the latter of whom ran unopposed. Further, Fairfax County supported Hillary Clinton with % of the vote to Trump's %, mirroring a heavy swing towards Democrats in Northern Virginia.

In Democratic Presidential Nominee and future President Joe Biden won the county with % of the vote, the best percentage for a Democrat in this county since

Year RepublicanDemocraticThird party
, % , %12, %
, % , %38, %
, % , %7, %
, % , %4, %
, % , %3, %
, %, % 15, %
, %, % 19, %
, %, % 54, %
, %, % 2, %
, %, % %
, %73, % 28, %
, %92, % 3, %
, %54, % 2, %
57, %44, % 15, %
30, % 48, %82 %
28, %26, % %
20, %15, % %
13, %8, % 30 %
4, %3, % %
4, %3, % 34 %
2, % 3, %26 %
1, % 2, %30 %
1, % 2, %72 %
2, %1, % 0 %
% 1, % %
% 1, %32 %
% 1, %15 %
% % %
% 1, %13 %
% %12 %
1, % 2, %14 %
1, % 2, %30 %
1, % 2, %25 %
1, % 2, %16 %
1, % 1, %0 %
1, % 1, %0 %
Position Name Party First Election District
&#; Sheriff Stacey Kincaid Democratic At-large
&#; Commonwealth's Attorney Steve Descano Democratic At-large
&#; Clerk of Circuit Court John T. Frey Republican At-large


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[30]

As of , there were 1,, people, , households, and , families residing in the county. The population density was 2, people per square mile (/km2). There were , housing units at an average density of per square&#;mile (/km2). The ethnic makeup of the county was:

The largest ancestry groups were:

percentage ancestry group
% German
% Irish
% English
% American
% Italian
% Indian
% Salvadoran
% Korean
% Sub-Saharan African
% Vietnamese
% Polish
% Chinese
% Arabs
% Scottish
% French
% Spanish
% Mexican
% Bolivian
% Filipino
% Russian
% Scotch-Irish
% Peruvian
% Honduran
% Guatemalan
% Pakistani

Ethnic structure of Fairfax County

&#;&#;White (%)

&#;&#;Asian (%)

&#;&#;Black (%)

&#;&#;Other (%)

&#;&#;Two or more races (%)

&#;&#;Native (%)

&#;&#;Pacific islander (%)

In , there were , households, of which % had children under the age of 18 living with them, % were married couples living together, % had a female householder with no husband present, and % were non-families. % of all households were made up of individuals, and % had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was and the average family size was

The age distribution was % under the age of 18, % from 18 to 24, % from 25 to 44, % from 45 to 64, and % who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every females, there were males. For every females age 18 and over, there were males.

The median income for a household in the county was $81,, and the median income for a family was $92,; in a estimate, these figures rose to $, and $,, respectively. Males had a median income of $60, versus $41, for females. The per capita income for the county was $36, About % of families and % of the population were below the poverty line, including % of those under age 18 and % of those age 65 or over. A more recent report from the American Community Survey indicated that poverty in Fairfax County, Virginia had risen to %.[5]

Judged by household median income, Fairfax County is among the highest-income counties in the country, and was first on that list for many years[specify]. However, in the census it was overtaken by Douglas County, Colorado. According to U.S. Census Bureau estimates for , it had the second-highest median household income behind neighboring Loudoun County, at $94, In , Fairfax County reclaimed its position as the richest county in America, in addition to becoming the first county in American history to have a median household income in excess of $,, though not the first jurisdiction.[34] In , Loudoun County reclaimed the first position, with Fairfax County a statistically insignificant second.[35][36] In , the median household income in Fairfax County was $,[37]

Fairfax County males have the highest life expectancy in the nation at years, while females had the eighth-highest at years.[38]


Children play frisbee baseball at one of Fairfax County's elementary schools

The county is served by the Fairfax County Public Schools system, to which the county government allocates % of its fiscal budget.[39] Including state and federal government contributions, along with citizen and corporate contributions, this brings the fiscal budget for the school system to $ billion.[40] The school system has estimated that, based on the fiscal year budget, the county will be spending $13, on each student.[41]

The Fairfax County Public School system contains the Thomas Jefferson High School for Science and Technology, a Virginia Governor's School. TJHSST consistently ranks at or near the top of all United States high schools due to the extraordinary number of National Merit Semi-Finalists and Finalists, the high average SAT scores of its students, and the number of students who annually perform nationally recognized research in the sciences and engineering. However, as a Governor's School, TJHSST draws students not only from Fairfax County, but also Arlington, Loudoun, Fauquier, and Prince William counties, as well as the City of Falls Church.

Fairfax County is also home to many Catholic elementary and middle schools. The schools fall under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Arlington. The Oakcrest School is a Catholic school in Fairfax County, which is not run by the Diocese. Paul VI Catholic High School is the Diocese run Catholic High School for Fairfax County.

George Mason University is located just outside the city of Fairfax, near the geographic center of Fairfax County. Northern Virginia Community College (NVCC) serves Fairfax County with campuses in Annandale and Springfield a center in Reston which is a satellite branch of the Loudoun campus. The NVCC Alexandria campus borders Fairfax County. The University of Fairfax is also headquartered in Vienna, Virginia. Virginia Commonwealth University's School of Medicine recently constructed a medical campus wing at Inova Fairfax Hospital in order to allow third and fourth year medical students to study at other state-of-the-art facilities in the Northern Virginia region.[42]


Fairfax County is, along with Washington, a "core" employment jurisdiction of the Washington Metropolitan Areaas indicated by this map. A U.S. Department of Labor study published in described Fairfax County as the second "economic pillar" of the Washington-area economy, along with the District of Columbia. The county has been described in Timeas "one of the great economic success stories of our time."[43]

Fairfax County's economy revolves around professional services and technology. Many residents work for the government or for contractors of the federal government. The government is the largest employer, with Fort Belvoir in southern Fairfax being the county's single largest location of federal employment. Fairfax County has a gross county product of about $95 billion.[citation needed]

Fairfax County also is home to major employers such as Volkswagen Group of America, Hilton Worldwide,[44] CSC (formerly Computer Sciences Corporation), Northrop Grumman, Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), Leidos, Booz Allen Hamilton, Gannett, Capital One, General Dynamics, ICF International, Freddie Mac, Sallie Mae, ManTech International, Mars, NII and NVR. The county is home to seven Fortune company headquarters,[45] 11 Hispanic companies,[46] and five companies on the Black Enterprise list. Northrop Grumman announced in that it would move its corporate headquarters from Los Angeles to Fairfax County.

The county's economy is supported by the Fairfax County Economic Development Authority, which provides services and information to promote Fairfax County as a leading business and technology center. The FCEDA is the nation's largest non-state economic development authority. Fairfax County is also home to the Northern Virginia Technology Council, a trade association for local technology companies. It is the nation's largest technology council, with technology industry figures such as Bill Gates and Meg Whitman speaking at various local banquets.[47][48] Fairfax County has a higher concentration of high-tech workers than Silicon Valley.[49]


The Tysons CDP of Fairfax County is Virginia's largest office market and the nation's largest suburban business district with 26,, square feet (2,,&#;m2) of office space.[50][51] It is the country's 12th-largest business district, and is expected to grow substantially in the coming decades. It contains a quarter of the county's total office space inventory, which was ,, square feet (9,,&#;m2) at year-end , which is about the size of Lower Manhattan.[52] The area is noted by Forbes as "often described as the place where the Internet was invented, but today it looks increasingly like the center of the global military-industrial complex"[53] due to being home to the nation's first ISPs (many of whom are now defunct), while attracting numerous defense contractors who have relocated from other states to or near Tysons Corner.

Every weekday, Tysons draws over , workers from around the region. It also draws 55, shoppers every weekday as it is home to neighboring super-regional mallsTysons Corner Center and Tysons Galleria. In comparison, Washington, D.C., draws 15 million visitors annually, or the equivalent of 62, per weekday.

After years of stalling and controversy, the $ billion expansion of the Washington MetroSilver Line in Virginia from Washington, D.C., to Dulles International Airport received funding approval from the Federal Transit Administration in December [54] The Silver Line added four stations in Tysons, including a station between Tysons Corner Center and Tysons Galleria.

Along with the expansion of Washington Metro, Fairfax County government has a plan to "urbanize" the Tysons area. The plan calls for a private-public partnership and a grid-like street system to make Tysons a more urban environment, tripling available housing to allow more workers to live near their work. The goal is to have 95% of Tysons Corner within 1&#;2-mile (&#;m) from a metro station.[55]


Fairfax County's average weekly wage during the first quarter of was $1,, which is 52% more than the national average.[56] By comparison, the average weekly wage was $1, for Arlington – the Washington metropolitan area's highest – $1, for Washington, D.C., and $ for the United States as a whole.[56] The types of jobs available in the area make it very attractive to highly educated workers. The relatively high wages may be partially due to the area's high cost of living.[56]

In early , Fairfax County had , total jobs, up from , in In the area, this is second to Washington's , jobs in (down from , in ).[56]

As of the Economic Census, Fairfax County has the largest professional, scientific, and technical service sector in the Washington, D.C., area – in terms of the number of business establishments; total sales, shipments, and receipts; payrolls; and number of employees – exceeding the next largest, Washington, D.C., by roughly a quarter overall, and double that of neighboring Montgomery County.[57]

Top employers[edit]

According to the county's Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[58] the county's largest employers are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Fairfax County Public Schools24,
2 United States government23,
3 Fairfax County government 12,
4 Inova Health System7,–10,
5 George Mason University5,–10,
6 Booz Allen Hamilton4,–6,
7 Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation4,–6,
8 General Dynamics4,–6,
9 SAIC1,–3,
10 Northrop Grumman1,–3,

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual festivals include the "Celebrate Fairfax!" festival held in June at the Fairfax County Government Center in Fairfax City, the Northern Virginia Fine Arts Festival[59] held in May at the Reston Town Center in Reston, and the International Children's Festival held in September at the Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts, which features a performing arts center outside the town of Vienna.

Fairfax County supports a summer concert series held in multiple venues throughout the county on various nights. The concert series are called Arts in the Parks, Braddock Nights, Lee District Nights, Mt. Vernon Nights, Nottoway Nights, Spotlight by Starlight, Sounds of Summer and Starlight Cinema.[60]

The EagleBank Arena (originally the Patriot Center), on the Fairfax campus of George Mason University just outside the City of Fairfax, hosts concerts and shows. The nearby Center for the Arts at George Mason is a major year-round arts venue, and the Workhouse Arts Center in Lorton, Virginia includes studios for artists, event facilities for performing groups, and gallery exhibitions in addition to hosting the annual Clifton Film Festival.[61] Smaller local art venues include:

  • Alden Theater at the McLean Community Center
  • ArtSpace Herndon
  • Center Stage at the Reston Community Center
  • Greater Reston Arts Center
  • James Lee Community Center Theater
  • Vienna Arts Society



Several major highways run through Fairfax County, including the Capital Beltway (Interstate ), Interstate 66, Interstate 95, and Interstate The American Legion Bridge connects Fairfax to Montgomery County, Maryland. The George Washington Memorial Parkway, Dulles Toll Road, and Fairfax County Parkway are also major arteries. Other notable roads include Braddock Road, Old Keene Mill Road, Little River Turnpike, State Routes 7, 28, and , and U.S. Routes 1, 29, and

The county is in the Washington, D.C., metro area, the nation's third most congested area.[62][63][64]

Northern Virginia, including Fairfax County, is the third worst congested traffic area in the nation, in terms of percentage of congested roadways and time spent in traffic. Of the lane miles in the region, 44 percent are rated "F" or worst for congestion. Northern Virginia residents spend an average of 46 hours a year stuck in traffic.

Major highways[edit]


Washington Dulles International Airport lies partly within Fairfax County and provides most air service to the county. Fairfax is also served by two other airports in the Washington area, Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport and Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport. Manassas Regional Airport, in neighboring Prince William County, is also used for regional cargo and private jet service.

Falls Church Airpark, circa The road at the top of the photo is U.S. Route 50 (Arlington Blvd).

From to , the eastern part of Fairfax County hosted Falls Church Airpark, an airfield primarily used for general aviation and civil defense purposes until encroaching residential development forced its closure.[65] The area formerly occupied by the airport is now mainly used as a shopping center with the western end of the complex occupied by the Thomas Jefferson branch of the Fairfax County Public Library system. Parts of several apartment complexes are also located on some of the airport's former grounds.[14][66]

Public transportation[edit]

Fairfax County has multiple public transportation services, including the Washington Metro's Orange, Blue, Yellow, and Silver lines. The Silver line, which runs through the Tysons and Reston areas of the county, opened in as the first new Washington Metro line since the Green Line opened in [67] An extension of the Silver line east through Herndon into Loudoun County is anticipated to begin operating sometime in [68]

In addition, the VRE (Virginia Railway Express) provides commuter rail service to Union Station in Washington, D.C., with stations in Fairfax County. The VRE's Fairfax County stations are Lorton and Franconia/Springfield on the Fredericksburg line, and Burke Centre, Rolling Road, and Backlick Road on the Manassas line.[69]

Fairfax County contracts its bus service called the Fairfax Connector to Transdev. The county also is served by WMATA's Metrobus service.

Parks and recreation[edit]

The county has many protected areas, a total of over county parks on more than 23, acres (93&#;km2).[70] The Fairfax County Park Authority maintains parks and recreation centers through the county. There are also two national protected areas that are inside the county at least in part, including the Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge, the George Washington Memorial Parkway, and Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts. The Mason Neck State Park is also in Lorton.

Fairfax County is member of the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority.

The Reston Zoo is in Reston, Virginia.[71] The National Zoo is located nearby in Washington, D.C.


The county maintains many miles of bike trails running through parks, adjacent to roads and through towns such as Vienna and Herndon. The Washington & Old Dominion Railroad Trail runs through Fairfax County, offering one of the region's best, and safest, routes for recreational walking and biking. In addition, nine miles (14&#;km) of the Mount Vernon Trail runs through Fairfax County along the Potomac River.

However, compared to other regions of the Washington area, Fairfax County has a dearth of designated bike lanes for cyclists wishing to commute in the region. On May 16, , Bike-to-Work Day, the Fairfax County Department of Transportation released the first countywide bicycle route map.[72]

The Fairfax Cross County Trail runs from Great Falls National Park in the county's northern end to Occoquan Regional Park in the southern end. Consisting of mostly dirt paths and short asphalt sections, the trail is used mostly by recreational mountain bikers, hikers, and horse riders.


Map of Fairfax County showing incorporated towns and CDPs

Three incorporated towns, Clifton, Herndon, and Vienna, are located entirely within Fairfax County.[73]

The independent cities of Falls Church and Fairfax were formed out of areas formerly under the jurisdiction of Fairfax County, but are politically separate, despite the City of Fairfax being the county seat. Nevertheless, the Postal Service has long considered several portions of Fairfax County to be unincorporated Falls Church and Fairfax City. Several portions of the county also have Alexandria mailing addresses; in this case, many locals refer to these neighborhoods collectively as "South Alexandria", "Lower Alexandria", or "Alexandria, Fairfax County."[74] "South Alexandria" communities include Hollin Hills, Franconia, Groveton, Hybla Valley, Huntington, Belle Haven, Mount Vernon, Fort Hunt, Engleside, Burgundy Village, Waynewood, Wilton Woods, Rose Hill, Virginia Hills, Hayfield, and Kingstowne.

It has been proposed[75] to convert the entire county into a single independent city, primarily to gain more control over taxes and roads. The most recent such proposal was made June 30,

Other communities within Fairfax County are unincorporated areas. Virginia law dictates that no unincorporated area of a county may be incorporated as a separate town or city following the adoption of the urban county executive form of government.[76] Fairfax County adopted the urban county executive form of government in [22][23]

As of the census, the thirteen largest communities of Fairfax County are all unincorporated CDPs, the largest of which are Centreville, Reston, and McLean, each with a population exceeding 45, (The largest incorporated place in the county is the town of Herndon, its fourteenth-largest community.)[citation needed]

Census-designated places[edit]

The following localities within Fairfax County are identified by the U.S. Census Bureau as (unincorporated) Census-designated places:[77]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on estimates by the United States Census Bureau.[78]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population ( est.)
1 CentrevilleCDP 74,
2 RestonCDP 61,
3 McLeanCDP 47,
4 AnnandaleCDP 43,
5 BurkeCDP 42,
6 OaktonCDP 36,
7 Fair OaksCDP 33,
8 SpringfieldCDP 32,
9 West Falls ChurchCDP 29,
10 HerndonTown 24,
11 ChantillyCDP 24,
13 TysonsCDP 24,
14 West SpringfieldCDP 24,
15 Bailey's CrossroadsCDP 24,
16 LincolniaCDP 23,
17 FairfaxCity 23,
18 McNairCDP 21,
19 LortonCDP 20,
20 Rose HillCDP 20,
21 FranconiaCDP 19,
22 Franklin FarmCDP 18,
23 MerrifieldCDP 18,
24 IdylwoodCDP 18,
25 KingstowneCDP 17,
26 Hybla ValleyCDP 17,
27 Fort HuntCDP 16,
28 GrovetonCDP 16,
29 ViennaTown 16,
30 Wolf TrapCDP 16,
31 Great FallsCDP 14,
32 Kings Park WestCDP 14,
33 HuntingtonCDP 13,
34 NewingtonCDP 13,
35 Mount VernonCDP 13,
36 Newington ForestCDP 12,
37 Fairfax StationCDP 12,
38 DranesvilleCDP 11,
39 WakefieldCDP 11,
40 Lake BarcroftCDP 9,
41 George MasonCDP 9,
42 Dunn LoringCDP 9,
43 WoodburnCDP 9,
44 Seven CornersCDP 8,
45 GreenbriarCDP 8,
45 Fair LakesCDP 8,
46 Long BranchCDP 8,
47 FlorisCDP 8,
48 Laurel HillCDP 8,
49 Fort BelvoirCDP 7,
50 MantuaCDP 7,
51 North SpringfieldCDP 7,
52 Belle HavenCDP 6,
53 South RunCDP 6,
54 Pimmit HillsCDP 6,
55 CrosspointeCDP 5,
56 Kings ParkCDP 5,
57 HayfieldCDP 4,
58 RavensworthCDP 2,
59 Mason NeckCDP 1,

Notable people[edit]

See also: Notable people from McLean, Virginia

Historic figures


  • Sharon Bulova – Former Chairwoman of the Board of Supervisors
  • Gerry Connolly – U.S. Congressman (VA) and former Chairman of the Fairfax County board of supervisors
  • Tom Davis – former U.S. Congressman (VA)
  • Katherine Hanley – Virginia Secretary of the Commonwealth and former County Board Chair
  • John Warner – former U.S. Senator (R)
  • Jim Webb – former U.S. Senator (D)
  • Nguyễn Cao Kỳ – South Vietnamese Prime Minister, Vice President, and Air-Force General. Initially lived in Fairfax County in the late s after the fall of Saigon.
  • Barbara Comstock – Former U.S. Congresswoman (VA) and former Virginia Delegate (R)
  • James Gattuso - Senior Research Fellow for the Heritage Foundation and former Associate Director for Vice President Dan Quayle.


Sports figures

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairfax_County,_Virginia

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