Black & tan cocker spaniel

Black & tan cocker spaniel DEFAULT

Information About Cocker Spaniels

If you're looking for reliable information about Cocker Spaniels, you've come to the right place! Discover all you need to know about this adorable breed, including information about their history, their loving temperament, characteristics and health concerns!

English Cocker Spaniel Facts

All About the Cocker Spaniel History

As the name suggests, Cocker Spaniels originally came from Spain. They have been with us for many years, either as willing gun dogs, faithful companions, or loving family pets.

Beautiful orange rowan cocker spaniel with his tongue out.Find out all about Cocker Spaniels here!

These sturdy little gun dogs were given the name 'Cocker' because of the woodcock they were bred to catch.

They have a good nose, and this good sense of smell allows Cockers to flush birds from hedgerows and fields so that the hunters (following behind the dogs) could shoot the birds as they emerged.

The Spaniels, who were trained to retrieve the birds using a soft mouth, would then trot off merrily to retrieve the game.

If you'd like to learn more about the history of Cockers you can follow the link.

Cocker Spaniel Information: Temperament

Cocker Spaniels are very gentle and loving dogs, and once you've owned one, I guarantee you won't want to own any other breed of dog, ever!

They're very affectionate and playful, and although they can be reserved with strangers, once they get to know you, they are very friendly and extremely loyal.

They love to bark to let you know that someone is coming up the garden path, or there's someone at the door, but if you’re looking for a burglar alarm, forget it, a Cocker is more likely to lick an intruder into submission!

Just like our human personalities, dog temperament can show itself as either assertive, passive, or submissive.

Cocker Spaniels can sometimes be timid, (submissive) which is why it’s especially important to make sure your puppy gets lots of socialisation, as early as possible. This is true of all breeds, not just Cocker Spaniels. 

Socialisation should continue well past his first year to help him become a happy, confident dog without behavioural problems!

Cockers can be a little stubborn too, but they are inquisitive, intelligent, and so willing to please - all of which make them very easy to train.

They're exceptional hounds, equally happy as working gun dogs, as affectionate companions, and as they're especially good with children of all ages, they make good family pets.

I may be biased, but the Cocker Spaniel temperament is definitely a winner for me!

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Characteristics

As you can see from this photo, Cockers are very handsome dogs, with their luxuriously glossy, silky coat and typically long, floppy ears. Aren't they just adorable?

Black and white cocker spaniel with golden cocker peeking over other dog's shoulder.Find lots of information about Cocker Spaniels here

Their tails, docked or otherwise, are always wagging!

In fact, Cockers often wag their tails so enthusiastically that their bottoms wiggle from side to side too! You’ve heard the saying, ‘the tail wagging the dog’? Well, I’m just saying!

And when they look up at you with those beautiful soulful eyes, who could possibly resist them?

Cocker Spaniel characteristics are so very appealing, but one word of caution, they can sometimes be a little greedy and will eat almost anything on offer. Mine certainly does.

Only last week, he (accidentally?) munched his way through an entire box of doggie bones!

Cockers are also prone to putting on weight as they grow older so their diet needs to be managed carefully.

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Health Matters 

Most dog breeds have health problems that are specific to their breed and the Cocker is no exception.

Whilst most of the hereditary health problems are gradually being bred out by responsible breeders, there are still some problems that do exist - as with all types of dog – for example:

Please do not think that your pet will succumb to all of the above. It's just not true. These are simply some of the health problems that the Cocker Spaniel could develop at some point in his lifetime.

If you own or are planning to own this wonderful breed, I think it will be helpful to understand what problems may arise, and you can learn more about Cocker health concerns here.

English Cocker Spaniel Information: Coat Colours

Cocker Spaniels have medium to long coats, which may be straight or wavy, and feel very silky to the touch. They have feathers on their legs, chest, and underbelly.

Six black and tan cocker spaniel puppies in a leather briefcase.Lots of information about cocker spaniels here!

I'm sure you're aware that the Cocker Spaniel's coat comes in a variety of colours with lots of different markings. I thought it a good place to give them a mention here.

Their coats can be seen in beautiful solid colours such as golden, red, chocolate (liver), or black, black and tan, liver and tan, and parti-colours for example, orange and white, liver and white, lemon and white, and black and white.

Then there are the tri-colours, black, white and tan; and liver, white and tan.

Roan markings are probably one of my favourites, especially the blue roan. Other colours include orange roan, liver roan, lemon roan, blue roan and tan, liver roan and tan.

You may see some patterns and markings, and sometimes you may see a small white on the chest and throat, or tan markings, for example, on the eyebrows, throat or feet.

What follows is a brief explanation of Cocker Spaniel coat colours and of some of the terms used to describe them.

Official Cocker Coat Colours

According to Wikipedia, coat colours of the Cocker Spaniel are as follows:

  • black, 
  •  liver with brown pigmentation,
  • red with black or brown pigmentation,
  • golden with black or brown pigmentation,
  • sable,
  • silver,
  • ash,
  • black and tan,
  • liver and tan,
  • blue roan,
  • liver roan,
  • orange roan with black or brown pigmentation,
  • lemon roan with black or brown pigmentation,
  • black and white ticked,
  • liver and white ticked,
  • orange and white ticked with black or brown pigmentation,
  • lemon and white ticked with black or brown pigmentation,
  • black and white,
  • liver and white with brown pigmentation,
  • orange and white with black or brown pigmentation,
  • lemon and white with black or brown pigmentation.

Phew!

I'm certainly not an expert on coat colours, but generally speaking, the solid colours (also known as 'self') are chocolate, black, golden, and the very rarely seen colour, sable.

Although I've never owned a black Cocker, it's said that the black, glossy coats are much heavier and because of this they may need more grooming than any of the other colours.

Golden Cocker Spaniels can range from a light golden colour to a very dark rusty shade.

Where the golden coats are darker, they're sometimes referred to as red Cocker Spaniels, and where the coat is very light, it is sometimes referred to as buff or lemon.

Chocolate Cocker Spaniels are a beautiful reddish-chocolate brown and they're often referred to as 'liver' coloured.

If you're planning to show your pet, breed standards recommend that the coat shouldn't contain any white, however a little patch of white on the chest is allowed.

Roan Cocker Spaniels

Roan is 'blended' mixture of white and coloured fur and in my opinion, they are the best, especially the blue roan. They're just beautiful, (sorry Max!)

The coloured hairs are usually found in solid patches or clumps, whereas the white areas are often flecked or 'ticked' with the solid colour.

The roan colours are:

  • blue roan (light blue and dark blue),
  • chocolate (or liver) roan,
  • orange roan,
  • red roan,
  • lemon roan.

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Parti-Colours

Parti-colours usually consist of two colours, one of which is always white, which must cover at least 10% of the dog's coat.

The other main colour can be any of the solid colours. For example:

  • black and white,
  • orange and white,
  • lemon and white,
  • chocolate (or liver) and white.

Where parti-coloured coats contain a small amount of tan, they are known as tri-colour coats.

Ticking

Ticking is a term used when there are small flecks of colour showing in the white of the dog's coat.

Open Marked

The term "open marked" is used where there is no ticking or roan markings in the dog's coat, instead the coat will have clear white between the coloured patches.

You'll also find dogs with tan markings on their face, (above the eyebrows and on the muzzle) under their tails, on their feet, and on their chest.

Where the dog's coat is predominantly black, his colouring would be termed black and tan.

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Tan Points

Tan points (or markings) are often found above the eye, the side of the dog's muzzle, underneath the ears and sometimes on the chest feet and legs.

I love to see tan marking above each eye. I think it gives the Cocker an inquisitive expression!

ASCOB

ASCOB is short for  Any Solid Colour Other Than Black.

The ASCOB range runs from pale cream/silver/buff to deeper shades of brown, red, golden and sable.

A small amount of white is sometimes found on the chest and lighter shades of the colour may be seen 'peppered' through the topcoat and feathers.

Solid Colours & Rage Syndrome

Some breeders say that the golden Cocker Spaniel (and some say all solid colours) is prone to 'Rage Syndrome' but today breeders are very careful and check the history of the sire and dam for any sign of the condition prior to breeding.

Thankfully, rage syndrome in Cocker Spaniels is very rare and instances of aggression often tend to be behavioural problems rather than rage.

Where a (responsible) breeder has evidence to suggest that any of their dogs has shown signs of rage syndrome, they're unlikely to be used for breeding purposes.

Do Cocker Spaniels Shed?

Although Cockers are not renowned for shedding, some do.

Thankfully, mine doesn't shed too much, it's manageable, but Max does need to be brushed at least once a week to keep shedding to a minimum.

That's not too much to ask, is it?

Grooming and On-going Maintenance

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Brushing His Coat

Your Cocker's coat will need to be brushed every day if he's regularly walked in fields and enjoys rummaging in the undergrowth, but if he's walked in the local park or around town, you’ll probably get away with brushing him once a week.

All About Cocker Spaniels: Ears

His ears, however, will probably need to be brushed twice or more each week to keep them silky and tat-free.

Extra care should be taken to brush under the ears and around the openings as that's where they tend to mat the most.

I keep the hair around the entrance to the ear canal trimmed very short to allow air to circulate, and because bacteria thrives in warm damp places, this helps keep bacteria in check.

His ears will need to be cleaned once a week to ensure bacteria is kept to a minimum and infection is avoided.

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Bath-Time

You can bathe your Cocker monthly, or every three months, depending on what he gets up to, and so long as he doesn't roll in anything nasty.

I usually give Max the sniff test – if he smells horrible, I bathe him. If he just smells of warm ‘doggie’, I’m happy to leave him for a while longer.

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Eyes

Their eyes need to be cleaned regularly too.

I check Max’s eyes most days. If there’s any gunk in the corners, I remove it with a damp soft tissue to prevent irritation or infection.

Always remember to use a separate tissue for each eye to prevent cross-infection.

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Routine Grooming Sessions

There are other routine checks that I recommend you add into your Spaniel's grooming sessions, such as; cleaning his ears, clipping his nails and checking his teeth.

If you'd like a more detailed explanation of how to groom your Cocker Spaniel, just follow the link.

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Exercise

Cockers are energetic dogs and love nothing more than a long brisk walk or a run in the park. Keep your pet well-exercised, and you will have a calm, contented dog.

An hour each day should be enough, but if you’re prepared to do more, go for it!

All About Cocker Spaniels: Spaniel Breeds

Other Spaniel breeds to learn about, including the American Cocker, the Clumber Spaniel, the Irish Water Spaniel, the Field Cocker.

Photo of a lovely Clumber Spaniel lying on the ground.Beautiful Clumber Spaniel

Some are more pleasing on the eye than others, and some more suited to a particular type of terrain, and a few make better hunting dogs than household pets.

The photo above shows a Clumber Spaniel.

The Clumber is quite a chunky dog and often has a very sorrowful look. It is the heaviest of the breeds, but I have to say, I think they look gorgeous!

We had a Clumber living near us when we lived in the UK (his name was Rocks!), and he was such a lovely looking, good-natured dog. He was such a character too!

Although some of these breeds look very different from what we have come to love as the more typical Spaniel, they all have a special place in my heart.

Follow the link for a brief description and photograph of more information about Cocker Spaniel breeds.

Information About Cocker Spaniels: Summary

I hope the information about Cocker Spaniels outlined on this page has given you a better understanding of this fabulous breed and that you're feeling a little more confident now.

They really are a delightful breed, and so long as they're trained and socialised well, they will fit into any family home, especially a home with children.

If you've not found your puppy yet, I hope you find the articles below very useful:

Buying And Choosing Your Puppy

There is a lot to understand about buying a puppy, and this article is packed full of helpful tips about what to look out for before you part with your cash.

Black cocker spaniel mother with her chocolate cocker puppy.Photographer: Rob Waterhouse

For example, did you know that there are puppy tests that you can do to help understand how the pup is going to turn out? (Information such as this is vital to the uninitiated!)

And did you know that if you've never owned a dog before, you should choose a less dominant puppy?

Plump for a slightly subservient pup and you'll have a much easier time all around.

Who knew that picking a puppy could be so involved?

Finding A Reliable Breeder

Once you know what to look for in a puppy, your next step will be to look for a good breeder.

That's not always as easy as it sounds though. How will you know that you've found a reliable breeder and not one who's just in it for the money?

Don't know where to begin?

This article will help you to find responsible Cocker Spaniel breeders will give you tips and ideas on what to look for in a breeder and this article will give you an idea of what questions to ask your breeder.

Well, it’s over to you now - I wish you lots of luck and success in finding your perfect puppy!

More Information About Cocker Spaniels

I thought you might like to see a gorgeous orange roan Cocker Spaniel in action, so I've added this video that one of our loyal visitors (Mark from Latvia) very kindly sent us.

Here it ismore information about Cocker Spaniels. I hope you enjoy it!

Photo Credits for Information About Cocker Spaniels:
1. Aurelia Werneck at https://www.freeimages.com/photo/dogs-ii
2. Isselee at http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-photo-two-english-cocker-spanielsyears-old-image
3. Juliane Meyer at http://www.dreamstime.com/six-english-cocker-spaniel-puppies-in-a-suitcase-image
4. Audrey Sel at Flickr.com - https://www.flickr.com/photos/forbiddendoughnut/
5. Photographer: Rob Waterhouse at https://www.freeimages.com/photo/a-new-addition

Sours: https://www.about-cocker-spaniels.com/information-about-cocker-spaniels.html

Cocker Spaniel

height
weight
life span
breed size
good with
  • children
  • seniors
  • dogs
  • families
  • cats
temperament
intelligence
shedding amount
exercise needs
energy level
barking level
drool amount
breed group
coat length/texture
colors
  • black
  • brown / chocolate / liver
  • cream
  • red
  • white
  • gold / yellow
  • blue
patterns
  • bicolor
  • tricolor
  • black and tan
  • sable
  • flecked / ticked / speckled
  • merle
other traits
  • easy to train
  • requires lots of grooming
  • prone to health issues
  • high prey drive
  • high potential for weight gain
  • loves water
  • apartment-friendly
  • cold weather tolerant
  • strong loyalty tendencies

Cocker spaniels are loving, easy-going, and affectionate-a treat to have as part of the family. They are generally smart and easy to train. Thanks to their relatively small size-they grow to about inches tall and weigh no more than 30 pounds-they are also ideal for any size home, from apartment to single-family house. 

Very loyal pets, they'll follow you from room to room all day long. Cockers also love going on brisk walks and seem to frolic everywhere they go. While they were originally bred as hunting dogs, they now make ideal companions for pet owners young and old. 

Appearance 

Cocker spaniels are moderately sized, beautiful dogs. Male pups stand 15 inches tall, and female dogs grow to 14 inches tall. They should not weigh more than 30 pounds-and will need your help in not overeating. 

cocker spaniel on bed

A cocker spaniel is happiest when she's by your side. Count her in for couch snuggles, neighborhood walkies, and playtime with kids.

| Credit: New Africa / Adobe Stock

Cocker spaniels have thick, soft, wavy coats of many colors-black, light cream, red, white, and brown-and patterns, all with long, lush ears that people can't resist petting. The term "sweet puppy dog eyes" was likely inspired by cocker spaniels with their big, dreamy, pleading brown eyes. But their looks require constant attention, both at home and with visits to the groomer. 

The cocker spaniel, also called the American cocker spaniel, is a distinctly different breed than the English cocker spaniel. Though both breeds have similar heritage, there are subtle differences: the cocker spaniel is longer than she is tall, whereas an English cocker spaniel is taller than she is long. The cocker spaniel also has a shorter muzzle than her English cousins, and her eyes are more almond-shaped.

Temperament 

The cocker spaniel is a merry breed. They are also smart and trusting of their owners. While they do have a hunting instinct, they are happiest being a companion at home. 

They are up for whatever their owner wants to do, as they are happiest pleasing their human family. Care to snuggle up on the couch? A cocker spaniel is in. Kids want to run around in the yard? They are up for that, too. And while reserved initially, cocker spaniels make fast friends with most everyone they meet. 

tan cocker spaniel running

Originally bred to hunt woodcock, cocker spaniels still love time spent outside.

| Credit: Kseniya / Adobe Stock

They have a sweet temperament and can be very affectionate and cuddly dogs. And with proper training, they also get along well with other pets, including cats. But thanks to their hunting instincts, sharing a home with a pet bird is not typically an option. 

Living Needs 

"Cocker spaniels are a beautiful dog with a very nice size, big enough to be sturdy and able to play with kids, but small enough to be an apartment or condo dog," says Ryan Steen, DVM, medical director at Frey Pet Hospital in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. As long as your cocker spaniel is raised with kids that are kind and respectful to animals, it's a match made in heaven. 

cocker spaniel jumping with ball in mouth

Cocker spaniels will never turn down a game of fetch. These sporting dogs need plenty of playtime and walks to stay healthy.

| Credit: Bill Anastasiou / Adobe Stock

People-oriented by nature, your cocker spaniel will prefer to be with you as much as possible. They enjoy being part of the family and truly thrive when they can be a part of all family activities. They do not do well when left alone and can turn to barking, crying, and other undesirable behaviors when anxious. If left outdoors, they will dig or bark to keep themselves busy. 

While your cocker spaniel will certainly like to snuggle up on your lap, you'll need to make sure she gets plenty of exercise, too, thanks to her hunting heritage. While cocker spaniel puppies will be worn out on a short walk, adult cocker spaniels will need 30 minutes of walking twice a day with additional free time to play-they especially enjoy a good game of fetch. This exercise not only helps manage weight-cocker spaniels aren't one to turn down a snack-but also keeps your pup from getting grouchy.

Black and white fluffy cocker spaniel stands in grass

"Cocker spaniels are a beautiful dog with a very nice size, big enough to be sturdy and able to play with kids, but small enough to be an apartment or condo dog."

Credit: otsphoto / Shutterstock

Care 

If you adopt a cocker spaniel, be aware that consistent grooming will be necessary, Steen says. Regular haircuts keep them looking their best and prevent their hair from matting. 

For a style that requires little maintenance, ask the groomer to trim your cocker spaniel's hair the same length all over, called a "puppy cut." Their trademark floppy ears are usually kept with longer hair no matter the style and need to be monitored for mats. Introduce your cocker spaniel to grooming early, because early introduction can make for more successful groomer visits. Be prepared to make regular grooming appointments-about every six to eight weeks-which can be an investment.

Between haircuts, plan to do plenty of brushing. Invest in a metal, professional-quality dog comb with fine and medium spacing for the teeth. If you encounter a tangle while brushing, pick through it gently. Regular baths-where you use a high-quality dog shampoo that you rinse thoroughly-are also essential. Nails should be trimmed regularly and you should wipe out their ears once a week to avoid infections. 

black cocker spaniel running

Whether you keep her hair long or shorten it into a puppy cut, a cocker spaniel's ears typically stay long and luxurious. Check them regularly for tangles and matting.

| Credit: Dyrefotografi.dk / Adobe Stock

Take steps to make sure their ears don't get soaked every time they go for a drink of water. Use deep, narrow bowls for food and water, or consider using a snood to protect her ears when your cocker spaniel eats.

Cocker spaniels make great therapy dogs, as they are gentle and very loving. They are a versatile breed and can be trained for agility courses as well-cocker spaniels are skilled at paying attention and following commands. 

Training will require patience and repetition. Make sure to address barking early on. You'll spend considerable time on potty training as cocker spaniels are notorious for marking their spot indoors when excited or nervous. Lots of positive reinforcement over time will do the trick. Cockers are sensitive and don't respond well to harsh treatment, so be kind and gentle to bring out the best in their personality. 

If you adopt a cocker spaniel, be aware that consistent grooming will be necessary. Regular hair cuts keep them looking their best and prevent their hair from matting.

cocker spaniel closeup on windy day

Credit: chrisgandy / Adobe Stock

Health 

Generally a healthy breed-typically living about years-there are a few common conditions cocker spaniel owners should be aware of. 

"Allergies and chronic ear infections are some of the most common ailments I see in cocker spaniels," Steen says. Their diet may be to blame, with common allergies to beef, chicken, corn, wheat, soy, milk, and eggs. Check with your veterinarian for suggestions on changes to their diet. 

And ensure you aren't overfeeding your pooch. They will overeat and use their big, brown eyes to convince you they need a second helping at feeding time. But an overweight cocker is an unhealthy cocker. 

As they get older, cocker spaniels are prone to heart, liver, or kidney failure, as well as cancer. Cocker spaniels are also sometimes affected by epilepsy, progressive retinal atrophy (which causes blindness), and cataracts (which requires expensive surgical correction). 

cocker spaniel from lady and the tramp

Cocker spaniel popularity in the U.S. significantly increased when the breed was featured in Disney's Lady and the Tramp in  

History 

The cocker spaniel originated in Spain and has been mentioned as far back as the 14th century. By the s, they were divided into two groups: toys (for companionship) and hunting dogs. Named for their excellence in field hunting the woodcock, they were recognized as an official breed in England in Cocker spaniels are thought to have been brought to North America with the pilgrims. In fact, the American Spaniel Club was created in and is the oldest breed club in America.

cocker spaniel vintage collage

Many famous figures have chosen cocker spaniels as furry companions. Clockwise from top: President Richard Nixon, President Grover Cleveland, actors Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, and President Harry Truman.

| Credit: Bettmann / Library of Congress / Archive Photos / Getty / presidentialpetmuseum.com

Cocker spaniels quickly became popular dogs both with pet owners and breeders, and they did particularly well in the show ring. In , a cocker spaniel took home Westminster Kennel Club's Best in Show for the first time. In , the American Kennel Club recognized the American cocker spaniel and the English cocker spaniel as two distinct breeds.

Fun Facts

  • Cocker spaniels were one of the first nine breeds recognized by the AKC.
  • Cocker spaniels are the smallest member of the sporting dog category.
  • Brucie, a black cocker spaniel, also helped popularize the showy breed by winning Westminster's Best in Show back to back in and  
  • Cocker spaniel popularity in the U.S. significantly increased when the breed was featured in Disney's Lady and the Tramp in  
  • Media mogul Oprah Winfrey owns two cocker spaniels, Sophie and Solomon.
  • Breeding a cocker spaniel with a poodle produces the intelligent, loving cockapoo.
Sours: https://www.dailypaws.com/dogs-puppies/dog-breeds/cocker-spaniel
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English Cocker Spaniel

Dog breed

The English Cocker Spaniel is a breed of gun dog. It is noteworthy for producing one of the most varied numbers of pups in a litter among all dog breeds. The English Cocker Spaniel is an active, good-natured, sporting dog[1] standing well up at the withers and compactly built.[2] There are "field" or "working" cockers and "house" cockers. It is one of several varieties of spaniel and is the foundation of its American cousin, the American Cocker Spaniel. The English Cocker is closer to the working-dog form of the Field Spaniel and the English Springer Spaniel.

Outside the US, the breed is usually known simply as the Cocker Spaniel, as is the American Cocker Spaniel within the US. The word cocker is commonly held to stem from their use to hunt woodcock.[3] The breed can have litters of anywhere from 3–12 puppies.

History[edit]

A sable coloured English Cocker Spaniel
Red solid colour English Cocker Spaniel
Golden colored English cocker spaniel.

Spaniel type dogs have been found in art and literature for almost years.[4] Initially, spaniels in England were divided among land spaniels and water spaniels. The differentiation among the spaniels that led to the breeds that we see today did not begin until the midth century. During this time, the land spaniels became a bit more specialised and divisions among the types were made based upon weight. According to the Encyclopedia of Rural Sports, Cockers were 12–20&#;lb (–9&#;kg).[4] At this time it was not uncommon for Cockers and Springers to come from the same litter. Even a puppy from a "Toy" sized lineage could grow to be a springer.[4]

There is no indication from these early sources that spaniels were used to retrieve game. Rather they were used to drive the game toward the guns.[4]

During the s and s, other types of Cockers were recorded. There were Welsh Springer Spaniels and Devonshire Cockers. Additionally, small dogs from Sussex Spaniel litters were called Cockers.[4] In the first stud books were published by the newly formed kennel club. Any spaniel under 25&#;lb (11&#;kg) was placed in the Cocker breeding pool, however the Welsh Cocker was reclassified as a Springer in due to its larger size and shorter ear.[4] "in those days only those dogs up to a hard day’s work and sensible specimens were allowed to live, as absolute sporting purposes were about their only enjoyment and dog shows were hardly heard of".[4]

The sport of conformation showing began in earnest among spaniels after the Spaniel Club was formed in When showing, the new Springer and Cocker, both were in the same class until The Spaniel Club created breed standards for each of the types. The Kennel Club separated the two types eight years later. Since then, the Springer and Cocker enthusiasts have bred in the separate traits that they desired. Today, the breed differ in more ways than weight alone.

At Crufts, the English Cocker Spaniel has been the most successful breed in winning Best in Show, winning on a total of seven occasions between and , with wins in , , , , , and In addition, the breed make up three of the four winners who have won the title on more than one occasion with all three coming from H.S. Lloyd's Ware kennel. Due to World War II, the English Cocker Spaniel managed to be the only breed to have won the title between and , although the competition was only held on four occasions during that period. The most recent best in show was Sh. Ch. Canigou Cambrai in [5][6]

6 Week Old English Cocker Spaniel Puppy
6 Week Old English Cocker Spaniel Puppy

Field Spaniel[edit]

In the late 19th century with the increase in popularity of dog shows and the creation of standards for various breeds, the Spaniel family began to split into various different breeds. A group of enthusiasts decided to create a large black spaniel breed. Four dogs would act as progenitors for this new breed, of which two were Cocker Spaniels, one was a Cocker Spaniel/English Water Spaniel cross and one was a Norfolk Spaniel. This new breed was named the Field Spaniel, and was recognised by the Kennel Club in [7]

American Cocker Spaniel[edit]

The American Cocker Spaniel was developed from the English Cocker Spaniel in the 19th century to retrieve quail and woodcock. They were originally divided from the English Cocker solely on a size basis, but were bred over the years for different specific traits.[3] The two Cocker Spaniels were shown together in America until , when the English Cocker received status as a separate breed. The American Kennel Club granted a separate breed designation for the English Cocker Spaniel in [2] The American breed has a shorter snout, is more likely to get ear infections, and is groomed differently from the English Cocker.

Description[edit]

The English Cocker Spaniel is a sturdy, compact, well-balanced dog. It has a characteristic expression showing intelligence and alertness. Its eyes should be dark and its lobular ears should reach "a bit past" the tip of the nose when pulled forward.[2] Today, a significant difference in appearance exists between field-bred and conformation show-bred dogs. The Cocker's tail is customarily docked in North America.[2] In countries where docking is legal, the tail is generally docked at about 4–5&#;inches (10–13&#;cm) in field-bred dogs while show dogs are generally docked closer to the body. Docking is now illegal in Australia and South Africa. In England and Wales, docking can only be carried out on dogs where the owners have proved that the dogs will be used as working or shooting dogs.[8]

The breed standard indicates that the males of the breed are on average between and 16 inches (39 and 41&#;cm) at the withers with the females a little smaller, growing to between 15 and inches (38 and 39&#;cm). Both males and females of the breed weigh approximately 13– kilograms (29–32&#;lb).[9]American Cocker Spaniels are smaller, with the males being on average between and inches ( and &#;cm), and females again being smaller on average at between and inches (34 and 37&#;cm), both weighing approximately 11–13 kilograms (24–29&#;lb).[3] The closely related English Springer Spaniels are larger than either types of cockers, growing to between 19 and inches ( and &#;cm) for the females, and and 20 inches ( and &#;cm) for the males, and weighing between 23 and 25 kilograms (51 and 55&#;lb).[10]

The English Cocker Spaniel is similar to the English Springer Spaniel and at first glance the only major difference is the larger size of the Springer. However English Cockers also tend to have longer, and lower-set ears than English Springers. In addition Springers also tend to have a longer muzzle, their eyes are not as prominent and the coat is less abundant.[11]

Colour[edit]

A Solid black English Cocker Spaniel with acceptable amount of white on chest

Breed standards restrict all breeds of dogs to certain colours for the purposes of conformation showing (dependent on country). For example, the breed standard of the United Kingdom's Kennel Club states that in solid colours, no white is allowed except for a small amount on the chest,[9] and the American Kennel Club has standards for features including the expression, neck, topline, and body.[12] In working Cockers, breeders value working ability over the color of the dog.

They come in solid (or "self"), parti-coloured, and roan types of markings. Solid dogs have no or very little white. Parti-coloured dogs have spots or patches of colour on a white dog. Parti-coloured dogs can have freckles of color on their nose and legs called "ticking." Roan is an extreme version of ticking and consists of the white dog parts of a dog being speckled with the same colour as the solid patches. Roan puppies are born white with coloured patches and the white becomes roan as they grow up, similar to the spots on Dalmatians.

Solid English Cocker colours can come in black, liver/brown, red/golden with black or brown pigmentation,[13] and Parti-coloured cockers come in blue roan, liver roan, orange roan with black or brown pigmentation, lemon roan with black or brown pigmentation, black and white ticked, liver and white ticked, orange and white ticked with black or brown pigmentation, lemon and white ticked with black or brown pigmentation,[14] black and white, liver and white with brown pigmentation, orange and white with black or brown pigmentation, lemon and white with black or brown pigmentation.[15] All of these colors can also have Tan-points, although you probably won't see it on any red, gold, or lemon Cocker because it will blend in.

Of the solid colours, sable is considered rare and controversial, and is classified by some countries as being a type of parti-colour on account of its mixed hair shafts. While some have claimed this colour is from a cross with a different breed, geneticists have discovered English Cocker sable is unique to this breed.[16] In addition, a silver/ash colour, usually associated with the Weimaraner breed of dog, is considered genetically possible but is yet to be recorded by the United Kingdom's Kennel Club.[17] Of the roan varieties, lemon roan with a light brown pigmentation is the most recessive of all the roans.[14] Plain white Cockers are rarely born, and are thought to be more prone to deafness than those with more pigmentation. As such they are generally not encouraged in the breed.[15]

  • A light Blue Roan and Tan English Cocker Spaniel

  • Orange and white Cocker Spaniel

  • Young Blue Roan Working Strain English Cocker Spaniel

Temperament[edit]

Cockers are athletic, alert and make great family pets.

Cockers are compassionate, determined, kind, intelligent, athletic, alert and resilient and make great family pets.[18] The breed does not like being alone,[19] and will bond strongly to an individual person in a family, usually the one who feeds it. Known for optimism, intelligence and adaptability, the breed is extremely loyal and affectionate. The English Cocker Spaniel has a cheerful nature. They rank 18th in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, being of excellent working/obedience intelligence.[20] Due to the breed's happy disposition and continuously wagging tail, it has been given the nickname "merry cocker".[21] They can also be dominant but loyal to their companion.

With a good level of socialisation at an early age, Cocker Spaniels can get along well with people, children, other dogs and other pets.[22] This breed seems to have a perpetually wagging tail and prefers to be around people; it is not best suited to the backyard alone. Cockers can be easily stressed by loud noises and by rough treatment or handling. When trained with a soft hand and plentiful rewards, the Cocker Spaniel will be an obedient and loving companion with a happy, cheerful nature.[23]

Health[edit]

English Cocker with puppies

English Cocker Spaniels in the UK, USA and Canada have an average lifespan of 11 to 12 years;[24] this is a typical longevity for purebred dogs, but a little less than most other breeds of their size.[25] The English Cocker Spaniel typically lives about a year longer than the smaller American Cocker Spaniel.[24]

In a UK Kennel Club survey, the most common causes of death were cancer (30%), old age (17%), cardiac (9%), and "combinations" (7%).[26]

In and USA/Canada Health Surveys, the leading causes of death were old age (40%) and cancer (22%).[27][28]

Common health issues with English Cockers are bite problems, skin allergies, shyness, cataracts, deafness (affecting % of the dogs of this breed[29]), aggression towards other dogs, and benign tumours.[28]

Some uncommon health issues that can also have an effect on English Cocker Spaniels include canine hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, canine dilated cardiomyopathy, and heart murmurs. Hip dysplasia is an abnormal formation of the hip joint which is the most common cause of canine arthritis in the hips.[30] Patellar Lunation, also known as luxating patella, refers to the dislocation of the kneecap. Canine dilated cardiomyopathy is an adult onset condition which occurs when the heart muscle is weak and does not contract properly. It can lead to congestive heart failure, which is where fluid accumulates in the lungs, chest, abdominal cavities, or under the skin.[31][32] Dilated cardiomyopathy is often accompanied by abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias which can complicate treatment.[31] Cocker Spaniels can present with a nutritional form of dilated cardiomyopathy that is associated with low blood concentrations of the amino acid taurine. This form of dilated cardiomyopathy is in many cases reversible if the dog receives taurine supplementation.[33]

Rage syndrome[edit]

Rage syndrome is most often associated with the Show Cocker Spaniel breed, although, cases have been found in other breeds and cases are relatively rare even within the Cocker Spaniel breed. Rage syndrome is described as when a dog attacks suddenly and often savagely, without any warning and during the attack the dog often has a glazed look and appears to be unaware of its surroundings. Rage Syndrome can affect any and all breeds. Though not a common ailment, studies have found it is more common in solid coloured Cockers than in parti-colours and also more common in darker coloured Cockers than lighter coloured Cockers, being most common in solid gold and black coloured spaniels. Their health issues are typical for a purebred dog breed; however they are closely associated with rage syndrome even though cases are really quite rare. Rage syndrome cannot be accurately predicted and can only be diagnosed by EEG or genetic testing and these tests are not conclusive.[34][35]

A link between coat colour and temperament has been proposed.[36] This link could be the colour pigment melanin, which is biochemically similar to chemicals that act as transmitters in the brain. A study made by the University of Cambridge involving over 1, Cocker Spaniel households throughout Britain concluded that solid colour Cockers were more likely to be aggressive in 12 out of 13 situations. Red/golden Cockers were shown to be the most aggressive of all, in situations involving strangers, family members, while being disciplined, and sometimes for no apparent reason.[37][38] A study by Spanish researchers at the Autonomous University of Barcelona revealed a similar link between golden Cockers and aggression. Males were also more likely to be aggressive. The study found the English Cocker Spaniel to have the highest level of owner- and stranger- directed aggression compared to other breeds.[38][39][40]

Working Cockers[edit]

This breed, like many others with origins as working dogs, has some genetic lines that focus on working-dog skills and other lines that focus on ensuring that the dog's appearance conforms to a breed standard; these are referred to as the "working" (or "field-bred") and "conformation" strains, respectively. After World War II, Cocker Spaniels bred for pets and for the sport of conformation showing increased enormously in popular appeal, and, for a while, was the most numerous Kennel Club registered breed. This popularity increased the view that all Cockers were useless as working dogs.[41] However, for most dogs this is untrue, as even some show-bred Cockers have retained their working instinct.[42]

Today, this breed is experiencing a resurgence in usage as a working and hunting dog. Dogs from working lines are noticeably distinct in appearance. As is the case with the English Springer Spaniel, the working type has been bred exclusively to perform in the field as a hunting companion. Their coat is shorter and ears less pendulous than the show-bred type. Although registered as the same breed, the two strains have diverged significantly enough that they are rarely crossed.[41] The dogs that have dominated the hunt test, field trial and hunting scene in the United States are field-bred dogs from recently imported English lines.[43] Working-dog lines often have physical characteristics that would prevent them from winning in the show ring. This is a result of selecting for different traits than those selected by show breeders. The longer coat and ears, selected for the show ring, are an impediment in the field.[2] Cuban authorities train and use English Cocker Spaniels as sniffer dogs to check for drugs or food products in passengers' baggage at Cuban airports.[44]

Skills[edit]

A field-bred cocker spaniel is first and foremost an upland flushing dog. In performing this task there are some skills the dog must be trained to perform.[45]

  • Hup This is the traditional command to sit and stay. To be an effective hunter the dog must comply with this command absolutely. When this command is given, the dog can be given direction called to the handler. The ability to hup a dog actively working a running bird allows the handler and any gunners to keep up without having to run.
  • Retrieve to Hand The majority of hunters and all hunt test or field trial judges require that a dog deliver a bird to hand, meaning that a dog will hold the bird until told to give it to the hunter directly.
  • Quarter Dogs must work in a pattern in front of the hunter seeking upland game birds. The dog must be taught to stay within gun range to avoid flushing a bird outside of shooting distance.
  • Follow Hand Signals Upland hunting involves pursuing wild game in its native habitat. Gun dogs must investigate likely covers for upland game birds. The dog must be responsive to hand signals in order for the hunter to be able to direct the dog into areas of particular interest.
  • Steady When hunting upland birds, a flushing dog should be steady to wing and shot, meaning that he sits when a bird rises or a gun is fired. He does this in order to mark the fall and to avoid flushing other birds when pursuing a missed bird.

In literature and film[edit]

Elizabeth Barrett Browning wrote two poems to her red cocker spaniel Flush, "To Flush, My Dog" and "Flush or Faunus".

Flush: A Biography is an semi-fictional biography of Elizabeth Barrett Browning's red cocker spaniel written by Virginia Woolf and published in

The Barretts of Wimpole Street and The Barretts of Wimpole Street also have Elizabeth Barrett Browning's red cocker spaniel as a central character.

Jasper is a cocker spaniel which features in the Daphne du Maurier novel Rebecca (novel)

Trivia[edit]

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge owned an English Cocker Spaniel called Lupo, and Lupo was bred from Ella, a dog owned by her parents Michael and Carole Middleton.[46][47] He was a working-type English Cocker Spaniel. Lupo was born in a litter just prior to Christmas , and was given to Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge.[citation needed]

Following the birth of Prince George of Cambridge, Lupo was featured in one of the first official photographs.[48] He was subsequently featured in a family portrait with the Duke and Duchess and Prince George in March [49]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Coile, D. Caroline (25 November ). The Cocker Spaniel Handbook. B.E.S. Publishing. ISBN&#; &#; via Google Books.
  2. ^ abcde"American Kennel Club: English Cocker Spaniel". Retrieved 5 September
  3. ^ abc"Dog Breeds:American Cocker Spaniel". petplanet.co.uk. Retrieved 13 September
  4. ^ abcdefgKolehouse, Bobbie. "Dusting off History to Look at Cocker Hunting Tradition Part I". Spaniel Journal. Retrieved 13 September
  5. ^"Cruft's Past Supreme Champions". Pub Quiz Help.com. Retrieved 28 December
  6. ^"Besti hundur sýningar á Crufts, frá árunum " (in Icelandic). Hvuttar.net. Retrieved 28 December
  7. ^"The History of the Field Spaniel". Lyndongraey. Retrieved 24 February
  8. ^"Defra, UK - Animal Health and Welfare". Archived from the original on 27 April Retrieved 9 September
  9. ^ ab"The Cocker Spaniel Club: Breed Standard". The Kennel Club. Retrieved 13 September
  10. ^"English Springer Spaniel". Petplanet.co.uk. Retrieved 13 September
  11. ^Gormish, Denise. "A comparison of English Springer Spaniels, American Cocker Spaniels and English Springer Spaniels". English Cocker Spaniel Club of America. Archived from the original on 21 November Retrieved 13 September
  12. ^"English Cocker Spaniel Dog Breed Information". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 1 February
  13. ^Davis, Jinty Gill (9 September ). "Understanding Cocker Colours, Patterns and Markings Page 1". The Cocker Spaniel Club. Retrieved 7 January
  14. ^ abDavis, Jinty Gill (9 September ). "Understanding Cocker Colours, Patterns and Markings Page 3". The Cocker Spaniel Club. Retrieved 7 January
  15. ^ abDavis, Jinty Gill (9 September ). "Understanding Cocker Colours, Patterns and Markings Page 4". The Cocker Spaniel Club. Retrieved 7 January
  16. ^"Genomia: Testing of dogs: Locus EH". genomia.cz. Retrieved 5 January
  17. ^Davis, Jinty Gill (9 September ). "Understanding Cocker Colours, Patterns and Markings Page 2". The Cocker Spaniel Club. Retrieved 7 January
  18. ^"English Cocker Spaniels". TerrificPets.com. Archived from the original on 31 December Retrieved 7 January
  19. ^"English Cocker Spaniel Secrets". Archived from the original on 21 August Retrieved 5 September
  20. ^Stanley Coren. "The Intelligence of Dogs: Ranks 11 to 26". Archived from the original on 9 February
  21. ^"English Cocker Spaniel". PuppyDogWeb.com. Retrieved 7 January
  22. ^Coile, D. Caroline (). The Cocker Spaniel Handbook. Barron's Educational Series Inc. ISBN&#;
  23. ^Coile (): p. 13
  24. ^ abCassidy, Kelly M. (). "Dog Longevity Web Site, Breed Data page". Retrieved 5 July
  25. ^Cassidy, Kelly M. (). "Dog Longevity Web Site, Weight and Longevity page". Retrieved 5 July
  26. ^"Summary results of the Purebred Dog Health Survey for English Cocker Spaniels"(PDF). Kennel Club/British Small Animal Veterinary Association Scientific Committee. Archived from the original(PDF) on 4 June Retrieved 5 July
  27. ^Slater, Margaret horrid henry !R. (). "English Cocker Spaniel Health Survey Final Report". English Cocker Spaniel Club of America. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 8 July
  28. ^ abSlater, Margaret R. (). "The English Cocker Spaniel Health Survey Report". English Cocker Spaniel Club of America. Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 8 July
  29. ^"Breed-Specific Deafness Incidence in Dogs (percent)". Lsu.edu. 23 June Retrieved 6 April
  30. ^"Workingdogs.com Canine hip dysplasia". Retrieved 13 September
  31. ^ ab"Pets.ca Dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs". VetCentric.com. Retrieved 13 September
  32. ^"Proceedings of the NAVC (North American Veterinary Conference)"(PDF). ivis.org. 8–12 January Retrieved 14 July
  33. ^Kittleson, Mark D.; Keene, Bruce; Pion, Paul D.; Loyer, Carroll G. (July ). "Results of the Multicenter Spaniel Trial (MUST): Taurine-and Carnitine-Responsive Dilated Cardiomyopathy in American Cocker Spaniels With Decreased Plasma Taurine Concentration". Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine. 11 (4): – doi/jtbx. ISSN&#; PMID&#;
  34. ^Ward, Linda (). "Rage Syndrome in Cocker Spaniels". Dogstuff.info. Archived from the original on 20 May Retrieved 13 September
  35. ^"Rage Syndrome Information Centre". Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 13 September
  36. ^"Smith College: Research on pleiotropy in dogs". friendlypettraining.com. Archived from the original on 30 December Retrieved 13 September
  37. ^Podberscek AL & Serpell J A () The English Cocker Spaniel: preliminary findings on aggressive behaviour. Applied Animal Behaviour Science cited by Linda Ward (). "Rage syndrome". self-published.
  38. ^ abViegas, Jennifer (22 May ). "World's Meanest Dog: The English Cocker Spaniel?". Discovery News. Retrieved 13 September
  39. ^Amat, Marta; Xavier Manteca; Valentina M. Mariotti; José Luís Ruiz de la Torre; Jaume Fatjó (May ). "Aggressive behavior in the English cocker spaniel". Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra: School of Veterinary Medicine. 4 (3): – doi/j.jveb Retrieved 13 September
  40. ^"What is Rage Syndrome?". The cocker spaniel club. Retrieved 8 June
  41. ^ ab"Show Bred vs Working Cockers". Petwave.com. Retrieved 5 September
  42. ^Moxon, P.R. (s). "The Cocker Spaniel as a Gundog". Felsteadgundogs.com. Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 5 September
  43. ^Thoms, Jerry (December ). "Pocket Rockets"(PDF). Gun Dog Magazine. Archived from the original(PDF) on 3 December
  44. ^"Travel research, planning and reports: Cuba". Darshama.net. Archived from the original on 30 May Retrieved 5 September
  45. ^"English Cocker Spaniel: Temperament". Petwave.com. Archived from the original on 5 February Retrieved 5 September
  46. ^"Kate in Drama after 'Lupo' Traps Head in Gate". The Mirror. 20 July Archived from the original on 21 September Retrieved 1 September &#; via HighBeam Research.
  47. ^Rudd, Andy (22 July ). "Kate Middleton labour: How the Duchess of Cambridge's family will back the royal parents". The Mirror. Retrieved 1 September
  48. ^Cockerell, Jennifer (20 August ). "Our Little Rascal; William and Kate Release Portrait of Baby George". Daily Post.[dead link]
  49. ^Young, Fiona (30 March ). "The Bark Royal". Sunday Mail. Archived from the original on 21 September Retrieved 1 September &#; via HighBeam Research.

Further reading[edit]

  • Thoms, Jerry. "Emma is a Gun Dog (Cocker Size)". Gun Dog Magazine. Archived from the original on 19 April
  • Roettger, Anthony. Urban Gun Dogs: Training Flushing Dogs for Home and Field, The Writer's Collective, ISBN&#;
  • Sucher, Jamie (). Cocker Spaniels (Complete Pet Owner's Manuals). Hauppauge, NY: Barron's. ISBN&#;.
  • Grainger, Alexandra. Training your CockerWhilst Playing with Children. Complete Owner's Guide.
  • Fergus, Charles. Gun Dog Breeds, A Guide to Spaniels, Retrievers, and Pointing Dogs, The Lyons Press, ISBN&#;
  • Fogle, Dr. Bruce. Cocker Spaniel English and American, Dorling Kindersley Limited,

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_Cocker_Spaniel
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& tan cocker spaniel black

English Cocker Spaniel

Medium in size, the English Cocker Spaniel, is an efficient, active and energetic guard dog, bearing a close resemblance to the English Springer Spaniel, and Field Spaniel as well as their closest cousin, the American Cocker Spaniel to some extent. Compactly built with a merry disposition, some of their prominent physical features include a strong, softly contoured head, oval-shaped eyes, leathery ears, set low and close to its head, and a horizontal tail that is mostly docked.

English Cocker Spaniel Pictures

Quick Information

PronunciationKAH-kur-SPAN-yuhl
Other namesCocker Spaniel, Cocker
CoatMedium to long which are flat or could be curly or a little wavy
ColorBlack; black, white tan; black and tan; black and white; blue roan; blue roan and tan; golden; lemon roan; liver; liver and tan; liver and white; liver roan; liver roan and tan; liver white and tan; orange and white; orange roan; red; red and white; sable; sable and white; sable and tan; Markings: white, ticked, tan
Breed typePurebred
GroupSporting, Spaniel
Average lifespan 11 to 14 years
Size (How big do they get)Medium
Height Male: 16 to 17 inches; Female: 15 to 16 inches
Weight Male: 28 to 34 pounds; Female: 26 to 32 pounds
Litter size6 to 8 puppies
Behavioral traitsRobust, merry, affectionate, loyal, playful
Good with childrenYes
Climate CompatibilityAdapts to all climatic conditions
Barking tendencyModerate
Shedding (Do they shed)Moderately
HypoallergenicNo
Competitive Registration Qualification/InformationFCI, CKC, ANKC, AKC, NZKC, UKC, KC (UK)
CountryEngland

Video of English Cocker Spaniel Puppies

History and Origin

Spaniels are a category of sporting dogs alongside retrievers, pointers, and setters, considered to be the oldest among the lot. The spaniels of England developed hundreds of years ago from dogs of Spanish origin. In fact, in the beginning, the spaniels only had two broad distinctions, i.e., the land spaniels and the water spaniels of which the latter was further divided as per its size. The larger ones were categorized as the field and springing spaniel while the smaller dogs adept at flushing and retrieving woodcock were called cocker spaniel. The British breeders had started separating spaniels into distinct breeds in the latter half of the 19th century, and the cocker spaniel group included breeds like the Welsh Springer Spaniel, Devonshire Cocker, and Sussex Spaniel. The Spaniel Club of England formed in the year with their main role being assigning breed standards to each of the spaniel groups. American breeders, on the other hand, were interested in developing the Cocker as a companion dog and their version was a smaller dog having a shorter head and a more rounded skull in comparison to the English variant. By it was quite evident that both of them were distinct breeds and the English Cocker Spaniel Club of America had been formed in the year by those who favored the hunting breed. AKC acknowledged them as two separate entities… Cocker (American Spaniel) and English Cocker Spaniel.

Temperament and Personality

They are fun loving, loyal and affectionate dogs, often being nicknamed “merry cocker” because of their happy and cheerful disposition coupled with the constant wagging of their tail in delight. Their equation with strangers varies as some may be reserved towards them, intimating their owner on sensing something unusual while a few could also get friendly with an unknown person instantly. They also share a comfortable rapport with kids of the family and get along well with other dogs as well as cats especially if brought up with them. Keep them away from birds as it could trigger their chasing instinct.

Care


Because of its high energy level it needs to be exercised on a regular basis for physical and mental fitness. A long walk, hiking trail, jogging, cycling and playing in a fenced yard would all help it in channelizing its energy in a better way. They would do well in apartments too provided you meet their daily energy requirements.
Since it has an abundant coat, it needs to be brushed at least two times in a week to lessen chances of the formation of mats and tangles, and the frequency should increase if he is at his job in the field. If you are taking your English Cocker Spaniel to a show, then you would need to strip its coat with your hand or a knife. You may even get in touch with a professional groomer for this job.

Trimming its nails, brushing its teeth and cleaning its eyes and ears are the other grooming needs you have to keep in mind.


Some of the common health conditions the English Cockers may suffer from include hip dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, ear infections, immune mediated hemolytic anemia, hypothyroidism,  heart murmurs,  benign tumors, skin problems, deafness (6% of the breed affected) and juvenile onset renal failure.

They are known to suffer from a Rage Syndrome that is more common in the Show Cocker Spaniels where one canine attacks the other in a savage manner al of a sudden and during this time its face has a glazed appearance and it becomes quite unaware of everything around it. Though not a common occurrence solid and dark colored dogs are more prone to it than the parti or light colored ones.

A survey conducted by a UK Kennel Club in showed that Cockers mostly died of cancer, cardiac problems and old age.


Training

Though training this cheerful dog would not be a mammoth task give it the basics since the time it is a puppy so that your Cocker becomes a well-groomed dog as he grows up.

  • Though it is already a sociable dog, you would still need to give it socialization training on identifying the right from the wrong. Get it exposed to a host of situations and experiences so that it might gradually learn to differentiate a threat from a pleasant experience and not greet every stranger at its doorstep in a friendly way.
  • Obedience training and teaching it commands would help it keep control of its chasing instinct and prevent it from running each time its nose catches a smell.

Feeding

High-quality dry dog food in combination with a well-nourished homemade diet is all that your English Cocker Spaniel needs to remain healthy.

American Cocker vs. English Spaniel

English Cocker Spaniel American Cocker Spaniel
Large and tallComparatively shorter
Straight, wavy coatFull and lustrous coat
Dome shaped headFlat head
Function better as a sporting dogFunction better as a companion dog
Have an increased energy levelHas comparatively lesser energy level

Interesting Facts

  • The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge own Lupo which is an English Cocker Spaniel.
Sours: https://wwwdogbreeds.com/english-cocker-spaniel.asp
Black \u0026 Tan English Cocker Spaniel Puppies for sale

I felt sorry for myself, bitterly hurt, I wanted to sink into the ground, how can you be so cold-blooded. And how could you humiliate yourself like that. He told me that its okay, but I was afraid, he also asked me about my impressions, I couldnt say anything, I was silent so as not to cry, but I.

Now discussing:

She was terribly ashamed to be caught doing her job. Calm down, Bill said, squatting down and smiling warmly at the girl. I'm not going to tell anyone. Tammy avoided his gaze.



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