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Battle: Los Angeles

American military science-fiction action film directed by Jonathan Liebesman

For other uses, see Battle of Los Angeles (disambiguation).

Battle: Los Angeles (also known as Battle: LA, stylised as Battle Los Angeles in the opening sequence and internationally as World Invasion: Battle Los Angeles) is a American military science-fictionaction film directed by Jonathan Liebesman. The storyline was conceived from a screenplay written by Chris Bertolini, based in part on a World War II incident dubbed the "Battle of Los Angeles".[4] The film is set in modern-day Los Angeles and follows a Marine Staff Sergeant played by Aaron Eckhart who leads a platoon of U.S. Marines, joined by other stranded military personnel, during a global alien invasion.[5] The ensemble cast includes Michelle Rodriguez, Ramon Rodriguez, Bridget Moynahan, Ne-Yo, and Michael Peña.

The film was a co-production of Columbia Pictures, Relativity Media, and Original Film. It was distributed by Columbia, while Sony Pictures Home Entertainment released the film in the video rental market. The film won the BMI TV Music Award for composer Brian Tyler. The film score was orchestrated by Tyler in conjunction with the Hollywood Studio Symphony. The soundtrack was released by the Varèse Sarabande music label on March 8,

Principal photography began in September , and the film was released in the United States on March 11, It grossed $ million worldwide, but received generally negative reviews. It was released on DVD and Blu-ray on June 14,


On August 12, , a number of apparent meteors land in the world's oceans, near 20 major coastal cities. The objects prove to be spacecraft containing hostile extraterrestrials. As Los Angeles (LA) is being evacuated, Marines from Camp Pendleton arrive, including Staff Sergeant Michael Nantz, an Iraq War veteran. Nantz, who was to begin his retirement, is assigned to 1st Platoon, Echo Company, of the 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines.

Under the command of 2nd Lieutenant William Martinez, the platoon arrives at a forward operating base (FOB) established at Santa Monica Airport. The alien ground forces have no apparent air support, so the Air Force prepares to carpet bomb the Santa Monica area, and the platoon is given three hours to retrieve civilians from an LAPD station in West LA. As they advance through LA, they are ambushed and suffer multiple casualties. Nantz takes Marines Imlay and Harris to look for Lenihan, who is missing from the group. After fighting off an alien, they team up with some soldiers from the 40th Infantry Division and an Air Forceintelligence Technical Sergeant, Elena Santos. At the police station, the makeshift platoon finds five civilians: veterinarian Michele, children Kirsten, Amy and Hector, and Hector's father Joe. A helicopter arrives to evacuate wounded Marines, but can not take on the weight of the civilians. During takeoff, it is destroyed by alien air units, killing Grayston, Guerrero, Lenihan and Simmons.

The Marines commandeer an abandoned transit bus for the evacuation. En route, they deduce that the alien air units are drones that target human radio transmissions. Santos reveals that her mission is to locate the aliens' command and control center, as its destruction should deactivate the drones. When their bus comes under attack on an elevated freeway, the Marines rappel the group to street level. In the ensuing battle, Marines Stavrou and Mottola and the remainder of the Army National Guard soldiers are killed, while both Joe and Lieutenant Martinez are wounded fighting the aliens. Martinez uses his radio to attract the aliens, then detonates explosives, sacrificing himself. Nantz is now in command of surviving personnel Santos, Imlay, Kerns, Lockett, Harris, Adukwu and the civilians, continuing their escape from the bombing zone. A news report interviews a scientist who speculates that the aliens are seeking Earth's water for fuel while eradicating the human population.

The carpet bombing never happens. Reaching the FOB, the Marines find it destroyed and that the military is retreating from LA. The Marines plan to escort the civilians to an alternate extraction point. When Joe dies from his wounds, Nantz comforts Hector. Lockett confronts Nantz regarding his brother, a Marine who, with four others, was killed during Nantz's last tour. They come to peace when Nantz explains that he continues to think of them, and recites each person's name, rank and serial number. Nantz motivates the group to move forward to honor their fallen comrades, including Joe for his bravery. They reach the extraction point and evacuate by helicopter.

In flight, the chopper experiences a brief loss of power. Nantz theorizes that they are flying near the alien command center, transmitting intense radio messages to its drones. He orders his unit to accompany the civilians while he stays to reconnoiter the area, but his fighters all join him. Searching through sewers, they confirm the presence of a large alien vessel. Kerns radios in to request missiles, which Nantz manually directs using a laser designator while the others defend his position. Kerns is killed when a drone homes in on his radio, but the Marines succeed in routing a missile to the command module, which is destroyed. The uncontrolled drones fall from the sky, and the alien ground forces retreat.

The remaining fighters—Nantz, Imlay, Lockett, Harris, Adukwu and Santos—are evacuated to a base in the Mojave Desert, where they are greeted as heroes. They are told that their successful method has been transmitted to the armies battling alien forces in 19 other cities, that Michele and the three children were rescued, and that they can now rest. Instead, they re-arm and join the armed force leaving to retake Los Angeles.


Aaron Eckhart, who portrayed United States Marine Corps Staff Sergeant Michael Nantz



Jonathan Liebesman intended the film to be a realistic depiction of an alien invasion in the style of a war film, taking inspiration from the films Black Hawk Down, Saving Private Ryan, and United 93 for his documentary style of filming.[6][7][8] Liebesman also drew inspiration from YouTube videos of Marines fighting in Fallujah for the look of the film.[9][10] As a result, the film was not shot in 3D as the director felt that combined with the handheld camera style of shooting would make the audience "throw up in two minutes."[7] Instead, standard film was used, intercutting footage from three different cameras.[6] The filmmakers tested shooting the film digitally on a Red camera, but found the camera could not capture the same quality image as standard film.[6] The film was shot for a PG rating, as the director felt making the film overly gory did not suit the more suspenseful tone they were trying to achieve.[6] Screenwriter Chris Bertolini tried to include humour and suspense as well as action, which he felt were important elements to help draw the audience into the drama.[6] In an interview with IGN, Liebesman described the interaction between actors, as well as the natural development of the film during pre-production exclaiming, "What comes out of that is a lot of tiny little details and tiny things that these guys bring out." He also noted, "Whether it's, just off the top of my head, Ne-Yo, who plays Harris, and Gino [Pesi], who plays Stavrou, have a great relationship, a lot of which they made up behind the scenes. Just little things, characters that you thought, 'Ah, s--t this wasn't really in the script.' These guys, like Guerrero (Neil Brown Jr.). He's one of the guys way back there but he's got a personality and he brought it and it was just stuff you don't expect."[11][12]

Themes and analysis[edit]

The film's story was partly inspired by the Battle of Los Angeles, a rumored enemy attack and subsequent anti-aircraft artillery barrage that took place in Los Angeles during World War II, on the night of February 24, The incident occurred a day after the Bombardment of Ellwood when an Imperial Japanese submarine launched shells at US aviation fuel tanks; West-coast tensions were already running high in the months after the December Pearl Harbor Attack and entry of the US into World War II. Eyewitnesses and radar data reported an unknown aerial craft over the Los Angeles area on February 24, leading to fears of a Japanese attack on the US mainland. But a review of the incident found no proof of Japanese presence in the area and attributed the incident to an overreaction by US military forces. In later years, UFO investigators speculated the aircraft spotted on the night was an extraterrestrial craft.[13]

This real incident was used as the main focus of an early teaser trailer to promote the film, in which it is strongly implied the alien invaders spent decades planning their attack and invasion.[4] The filmmakers drew upon this historical event in an attempt to help ground the film in reality.[14] Aaron Eckhart said that the objective of the film was to make as realistic an alien invasion movie as possible; "The goal was: this is a war movie, a documentary-style war movie—with aliens in it."[15] The film, however, was not the first motion picture to touch upon the events surrounding the tale of the Pacific air raids. In , the comedy drama film directed by Steven Spielberg, alluded to the shelling as well as other surprise military engagements.[16] On March 12, , a day after the official release for Battle: Los Angeles, a mockbuster produced by the independent film company The Asylum, entitled Battle of Los Angeles, premiered on the Syfy cable TV channel in the United States.

Michelle Rodriguez (left) and Aaron Eckhart (right), along with director Jonathan Liebesman at the San Diego Comic-Con International.


Filming took place from September through December in Shreveport and Baton Rouge, Louisiana[17] (with some scenes filmed at Camp Pendleton in San Diego, California). Louisiana was chosen instead of Los Angeles mainly due to financial advantages.[18] Principal photography began in the second week of September in Shreveport with scenes depicting a destroyed interstate filled with cars, an overturned tanker truck, and a crashed helicopter. Post-production lasted throughout and into Special effects used in the principal photography included pyrotechnics. The most climactic of all was a large fireball-producing explosion which was said to have alarmed some residents and passers-by. Film crews implemented use of a large "green-screen" billboard at the base (end) of the "destroyed" interstate to use later for inserting CGI images of Los Angeles.[19] The actors went through three weeks of boot camp, in order to learn how to realistically operate as a Marine platoon.[6] In addition, Eckhart had done training with the Marines for a few months beforehand in weapons training and drills.[18] On set, military technical advisors worked with the actors to ensure they gave a realistic performance.[20] Eckhart broke his upper arm when he fell off a ledge during an action sequence, but continued to work for the remainder of the film without having it put in a cast.[18]

There was military support for filming. Numerous Marine units assisted in filming, including infantry from 2nd Battalion, 1st Marines, MV Ospreys from VMMT (based at Marine Corps Air Station New River in North Carolina), CH Sea Knights from HMM and HMM (based in Camp Pendleton and Naval Station Norfolk, respectively), and reservists from 3rd Battalion, 23rd Marines based in Belle Chasse, Louisiana.[21]

Visual effects[edit]

While Liebesman tried to use practical effects whenever possible (although green screen and CGI were used), such as for explosions, 90% of the aliens are computer-generated, as the director felt they would be too difficult to achieve any other way.[6][7] The invaders were designed by Paul Gerrard,[8] who made them to appear "very alien", neither arthropod nor vertebrate, while Liebesman described them as "genocidal Nazis They look at us like we look at ants."[7] Liebesman wanted the aliens to appear to function as a real army, complete with medics and different ranking officers, and using tactics such as taking cover to protect themselves.[7][9] Liebesman also confirmed that the aliens are invading for the Earth's natural resources, specifically because the Earth is 70% covered with water.[9]


Sony investigated the possibility of legal action against the filmmakers Greg and Colin Strause, who were hired to do visual effects work on Battle: Los Angeles through their special effects company Hydraulx. Sony suspected the Strause brothers had created their own Los Angeles-based alien invasion film Skyline, which would compete with the Battle: Los Angeles release, by using resources they had gained while working on the film without the consent of Sony Pictures.[22] A spokesman for the Strauses responded by saying, "Any claims of impropriety are completely baseless. This is a blatant attempt by Sony to force these independent filmmakers to move a release date that has long been set by Universal and Relativity and is outside the filmmakers' control."[23] Sony initiated arbitration against Hydraulx and the Strause brothers, but later dismissed the arbitration.[24]

Music and soundtrack[edit]

Main article: Battle: Los Angeles (soundtrack)

The score was composed & conducted By Brian Tyler and performed by the Hollywood Studio Symphony. The soundtrack for the film released on March 8, [25] A song used in the trailer is "The Sun's Gone Dim and the Sky's Turned Black" by Jóhann Jóhannsson.[26] Songs used in the film were "California Love" by 2Pac featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman but not included on the soundtrack album.


Premiere and theatrical release[edit]

The film had its world premiere in the United States on March 11, The next day, on March 12, it premiered in the Asia Pacific region in Taiwan. Other European markets in Germany and Denmark had the film premiering on April [27] The film made its debut in Sweden on April 20 and Switzerland on April It went into general theatrical release in Latin America in Argentina on March [27] Certain Middle Eastern markets; the United Arab Emirates and Lebanon saw the premiere of the film on March 10, while in South Africa it screened later in the month on March

Video game[edit]

A first-person shooter video game developed by Saber Interactive subsidiary Live Action Studios and published by Konami was released on Xbox Live Arcade on March 11, The OnLive game service (as part of its Playpack subscription service) was made available to subscribers on March 15, and on the PlayStation Network on March [28] Eckhart reprised his role for the game.[29] Players assume the role of Corporal Lee Imlay throughout the game. The Xbox version of the game received generally unfavorable reviews on Metacritic, scoring a 39 out of based on 21 critics.[30] It sold over 60, copies on the Xbox as of year-end [31]

Home media[edit]

Following its cinematic release in theaters, the Region 1 Codewidescreen edition of the film was released on DVD by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment in the United States on June 14, Special features for the DVD include; Behind The Battle, Building the Aliens, Acting with Aliens, Shooting the Aliens, Preparing for Battle, and Creating L.A. in LA.[32] Additionally, a combo two-disc Blu-ray Disc/DVD was also released by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment on June 14, Special features for the DVD/Blu-ray Disc pack include; PS3 Theme, Behind The Battle, Directing the Battle, Building the Aliens, Acting with Aliens, Shooting the Aliens, Preparing for Battle, Boot Camp, Creating L.A. in LA, The Freeway Battle, Command Control, Staff Sergeant Nantz, Marine Behind The Scenes, Aliens Ambush The Marines, Battling Unknown Forces, Technical Sergeant Santos, Alien Autopsy, Gas Station Explosion, Visual FX on the Freeway, Do You Believe in Aliens?, and Alien Command & Control.[32]

Concurrently, the widescreen hi-definition Blu-ray version of the film was released on June 14, , too. Special features include; PS3 Theme, Resistance 3 Game Demo Hybrid—PS3 Game, Behind The Battle, Directing the Battle, Building the Aliens, Acting with Aliens, Shooting the Aliens, Preparing for Battle, Boot Camp, Creating L.A. in LA, The Freeway Battle, Command Control, Staff Sergeant Nantz, Marine Behind The Scenes, Aliens Ambush The Marines, Battling Unknown Forces, Technical Sergeant Santos, Alien Autopsy, Gas Station Explosion, Visual FX on the Freeway, Do You Believe in Aliens?, and Alien Command & Control.[32] A supplemental viewing option for the film in the media format of video on demand is available as well.[33]

Battle: Los Angeles is one of the first titles to be re-mastered in the ultra-high resolution format 4K.[34]


Critical response[edit]

Battle: Los Angeles received generally negative reviews. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a rating of 36%, based on reviews, with an average rating of / The site's critical consensus reads, "Overlong and overly burdened with war movie clichés, Battle: Los Angeles will entertain only the most ardent action junkies".[35] Review aggregator Metacritic assigned the film a weighted average score of 37 out of , based on 35 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews".[36]

Noted film critic Roger Ebert panned Battle: Los Angeles in a lengthy review, calling the movie "noisy, violent, ugly and stupid", giving the film a mere half star rating. Though he praised Aaron Eckhart's performance, Ebert heavily criticized the film's writing, effects designs, camerawork and editing. He closed his review by saying, "When I think of the elegant construction of something like Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, I want to rend the hair from my head and weep bitter tears of despair. Generations of filmmakers devoted their lives to perfecting techniques that a director like Jonathan Liebesman is either ignorant of, or indifferent to. Yet he is given millions of dollars to produce this assault on the attention span of a generation."[37] Anthony Lane of The New Yorker gave the film a better review only by comparing it to films that were worse, stating: "Battle: Los Angeles is a lot more fun than bludgeoning, soul-draining follies like Terminator Salvation or the Transformers films."[38]

Battle: Los Angeles was largely given poor reviews by the Los Angeles Times,[39]The New York Times,[40]USA Today,[41]Entertainment Weekly,[42] and Variety.[43] One stand out, the San Francisco Chronicle,[44] gave it a sympathetic review. Kim Newman of Empire rated the film 2 stars out of 5, conceding that the combat scenes were good, but criticizing its lack of originality, writing "Things blow up good and Eckhart is a classier actor than his role warrants, but we've all been here before."[45] Nigel Floyd of Time Out rated the film 2 stars saying that it " lumbers the flat military characters with hackneyed dialogue and corny sentimentality".[46]

Neil Smith of Total Film magazine rated the film as 3 stars out of 5 and summarized, "Imagine Black Hawk Down with ET's instead of Somalis and you'll have the measure of an explosive if functional actioner that will do while we're waiting for summer's big guns to arrive".[47] Movie critic Michael Phillips of the Chicago Tribune also rated the film 3 out of 5 stars, remarking how the story was "gratifyingly narrow: It's about a handful of people trying to get a handful of blocks to a safe zone on the west side of LA, and not get killed in the process. The saving-the-world part is almost an afterthought."[48] In mild positive sentiment, Ty Burr of The Boston Globe emphatically stated that the film was a "loud, frenetic, viscerally gripping two-hour tour of duty that mostly plays fair by the rules of the genre and mostly avoids macho posturing."[49] Similarly, Connie Ogle of the Miami Herald deduced that Battle: Los Angeles was "not so goofy as Independence Day, not so terrifying as War of the Worlds, and it utterly lacks the imagination and emotional resonance of District 9" but was a "solid popcorn movie, with plenty of action, explosions and low-key mayhem unlikely to scar even the most fragile of psyches."[50] In his review for The Arizona Republic, critic Bill Goodykoontz called the film "good, dumb fun."[51] Michael Phillips wrote in The Chicago Tribune, "Original, it's not. Exciting, it is. This jacked-up B-movie hybrid of Black Hawk Down and War of the Worlds is a modest but crafty triumph of tension over good sense and cliche."[52]


Battle: Los Angeles received an award nomination for actor Peña in the category of Favorite Movie Actor, along with a nomination for Rodriguez for Favorite Movie Actress from the ALMA Awards. Additionally, composer Tyler won the BMI TV Music Award for his work on the film.[53][54]

Box office[edit]

Battle: Los Angeles debuted on March 11, in the United States screening at 3, theaters. It grossed $13,, on its opening day, which was the best opening-day gross for until the record was surpassed by Fast Five. Overall, the film made $35,, and ranked number one on its opening weekend ahead of Red Riding Hood and Mars Needs Moms.[55] The film dropped to No. 2 after a week when Rango topped the box office on St. Patrick's Day. During its final week in release, Battle: Los Angeles opened in a distant 46th place with $68, in revenue.[56] At the end of its run in , the film has grossed $83,, in the United States and Canadian markets and $,, in international markets, for a worldwide total of $,,[57]

Awards and nominations[edit]


Eckhart has stated he would be interested in returning for a sequel.[58] In an interview on March 25, , director Jonathan Liebesman announced that work on a script for a sequel had begun. He also commented that the budget "will be as big."[59]


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  5. ^Jonathan Liebesman (Director). (). Battle: Los Angeles [Motion picture] Production Notes. United States: Columbia Pictures.
  6. ^ abcdefg"Director Jonathan Liebesman, Producer's Ori Marmur & Jeffrey Churnov, James D. Dever, and Screenwriter Chris Bertolini On Set Interview BATTLE: LOS ANGELES". Collider.com. January 20, Retrieved February 19,
  7. ^ abcde"Interview: Jonathan Liebesman Talks Battle: Los Angeles". filmschoolrejects.com. July 29, Retrieved February 19,
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  12. ^"Battle: Los Angeles set Visit". IGN. January 27, Retrieved August 3,
  13. ^The History of the 4th AA Command, Western Defense Command, Jan 9 to July 1 (extract), edited by Dale Goudie, Jim Klotz and Chris Lambright. Cufors.org, accessed 04 May
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  17. ^"'Battle: Los Angeles', Aaron Eckhart to shoot in Baton Rouge, Shreveport". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved June 17,
  18. ^ abc"Ready for the battle?". The Hindu. Chennai, India. March 4, Retrieved March 4,
  19. ^"Mushroom Cloud Swarms Louisiana From Set of 'Battle: Los Angeles'". Bloody-Disgusting.com. 23 December Retrieved June 17,
  20. ^"Aaron Eckhart, Michael Peña, Michelle Rodriguez, Cory Hardrict, Bridget Moynahan and Ramon Rodriguez On Set Interview BATTLE: LOS ANGELES". Collider.com. January 27, Retrieved February 19,
  21. ^"The Aliens Are Pissed On The Set Of 'Battle: LA'". io9.com. Retrieved June 17,
  22. ^"'Battle: Los Angeles' Goes to War with 'Skyline'". Screenrant.com. 17 August Retrieved June 17,
  23. ^"'Battle: Los Angeles' to Battle 'Skyline' in Court". moviefone.com. Archived from the original on October 28, Retrieved June 17,
  24. ^Belloni, Matthew (March 17, ). "Sony Settles Dispute With 'Skyline' Directors Over 'Battle: LA' Special Effects". The Hollywood Reporter (Hollywood, Esq. blog). Retrieved June 17,
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  26. ^Soundtrack review for Battle: Los AngelesArchived April 11, , at the Wayback Machine. Tracksounds. Retrieved June 7,
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  30. ^Battle: Los Angeles Xbox Metacritic Review
  31. ^Langley, Ryan (). "Xbox Live Arcade by the numbers – the year in review". Gamasutra. Retrieved
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  33. ^"Battle: Los Angeles VOD Format". Retrieved
  34. ^Bradley, Dan (April 8, ). "Sony Dates 4K Mastered Blu-ray Titles Including The Amazing Spider-Man and Ghostbusters". TheHDRoom. Retrieved July 16,
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  36. ^"Battle: Los Angeles Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic.com. March 11, Retrieved May 6,
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  38. ^Lane, Anthony (March 21, ). ""Battle: Los Angeles" and "Paul," review". The New Yorker. Retrieved July 16,
  39. ^Sharkey, Betsy (March 11, ). Movie review: 'Battle: Los Angeles'. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 17,
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  41. ^Bowles, Scott (March 11, ). Been there, fought that in 'Battle: Los Angeles'. USA Today. Retrieved June 17,
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  47. ^Smith, Neil (March 10, ). Fight them on the beaches, dude Total Film. Retrieved March 10,
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  50. ^Ogle, Connie (March 10, ). The latest invasion of Earth by aliens isn't memorable, but you won't be bored.. Miami Herald. Retrieved June 20,
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  52. ^"Cliches abound, but 'Battle: Los Angeles' prevails".
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External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle:_Los_Angeles

The actual locations where the series All American was TV series ed.

The new CW drama series, "All American", is somewhat
 reminiscent, in concept,  of "The O. C.".

A young man from a bad neighborhood is rescued by a rich benefactor,
who brings him into his home in a wealthy neighborhood, causing a culture clash
between the teen and his new upscale community.

Only in this new show, the young man is a high school football player, the bad neighborhood isn't Chino, it's South Central L.A.  And the wealthy neighborhood isn't Newport Beach, it's Beverly Hills.

And this time, most of the cast is African-American,
led by Daniel Ezra as 'Spencer James' and Taye Diggs as 'Coach Baker'.

The show is filmed here in Southern California, with a good part of it shot in South Central L.A.

There are only a fewregular locations on the show,
places that are seen in most episodes:

  • Spencer's original home in Crenshaw:

    This small  home is at W. 56th Street, Los Angeles,
    which  is on the north side of 56th Street, just east of S. Budlong Avenue,
    about a mile and a half south/southwest of Exposition Park and USC.

    It is in the Vermont-Slauson section of South Los Angeles.

    Here is a Google Street view of the house.

  • Spencer's new home (Coach Baker's house) in Beverly Hills:

    From the look of his house, I had a hunch that it wasn't really in Beverly Hills,
    that was probably on the west side of the San Fernando Valley.  And I was right.

    It's actually located at Amigo Ave, in Tarzana.

    That's about 10 miles northwest a Beverly Hills,
    on the other side of the Santa Monica Mountains.

    Here is a matching Google Street view of the house.

  • Spencer's original "South Crenshaw High School":

    In real life, this is Thomas Jefferson High School, at the northwest corner of
    41st Street and Compton Avenue,  at E. 41st Street, in Los Angeles

    It's about two miles due south of downtown Los Angeles,
    and less than two miles east of Exposition Park.

    Here is a matching  Google Street view of the school.

  • and Spencer's new "Beverly High School":

This is actually El Segundo High School,
at Main Street, in El Segundo, CA.

In the screenshot above, we see the school's main entrance,
with camera looking east from Main Street.

The city of El Segundo lies on LA's coast, just south of Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). It's about 14 miles southwest of downtown Los Angeles, and 10 miles south of Beverly Hills.

This particular high school has been used in a number of productions
over the years,  including "SuperBad" and "Joan of Arcadia".

Here is a matching Google Street view of the school.

Plus, there's a nearby park where they shoot a lot of the Crenshaw scenes
involving Spencer's friends and gang types from his old neighborhood:

The scene above was shot in a picnic/playground area  just east of
the big recreation center at Van Ness Park, at 2nd Ave, Los Angeles,
(about two miles west/southwest of Spencer's house).

Here is a Google Street view of the outside of the park rec center:

Here is an aerial view pinpointing the spot
 in the park, near the rec center.

And then, of course, there are the football fields, where they shoot the
various football practice/game scenes, found in virtually every episode.

These various football scenes were shot on the football fields of threeseparate high schools in the L.A. area:

  • Jefferson High

    (which plays South Crenshaw High on the show),
  • El Segundo High
    (which plays Beverly High on the show), and

  • Augustus Hawkins High School,
    which is located W. 60th Street,
    about 2 1/2 miles southwest of Jefferson High.

Here is an aerial view of the Augustus Hawkins High football field.

( The three fields look similar, so it can be difficult to know
 which football scenes were shot at which stadiums. )

Those are the only regular locations on the show, but while I'm at it,
I might as well throw in a few other locations seen in the show's pilot episode:

Around in the pilot episode, we see Spencer
walking down the street in Crenshaw, past a barbershop:

In real life, this isCentral Barbershop,
at S. Central Ave, in Los  Angeles.

In the scene, Spencer is walking north down the east side of S. Central Avenue,
in the block of Central, heading  towards E. 40th Place.

It's just a few blocks west of Jefferson High School.

It's just south of Martin Luther King Blvd., about a mile east of the Harbor freeway,
and about a mile and a half south of downtown L.A.

Here is a matching StreetView of the barber shop:

Around in the pilot episode, we get a good look at the palm-lined street
  in "Crenshaw" where Spencer lives,  when his friend picks him up in a
bright red car, and Spencer teases him about it being gang colors:

This is a view of the block of W. 56th Street
which is indeed home where you'll find Spencer's house.

( Photos of palm tree-lined streets in Southern California are standard,
but they are usually photos of Beverly Hills. So you may find it somewhat
surprising to find a very similar view in south-central L.A. )

This street is in the Vermont-Slauson section of South Los Angeles.

( Caution:Although it might not look like it in StreetView, according to L.A. Times stats,
Vermont-Slauson is a high-crime district, with high rates of murder, rape, robbery and assault. )

Here is a matching StreetView of those palm trees:


At around in the pilot: Spencer rides the bus to Beverly Hills, and we glimpse
several things out the  window, including a mural, on the side of a building:

This mural is on the south-facing side of the building located at
the northwest corner  ofSlauson Avenue &San Pedro Street,
in South-Central Los Angeles.

It is a County Probation building, at San Pedro Street.

Here is a matching StreetView of that mural:

Then there is a shot of the Beverly Hills Hotel:

You'll find this Pink Palace at Sunset Blvd, in Beverly Hills.

And you can read more about the hotel here.

Here is a StreetView of the hotel:

And then we see a Louis Vuitton boutique,

You'll find this shop at North Rodeo Drive, in Beverly Hills.

Here is a Google StreetView of the store:

At , we see a shot of another palm lined street:

But this is the classic view of a Beverly Hills street.

In the screenshot above, they are driving north on Beverly Drive,
in the block of Beverly Drive.

The red stop sign is at Beverly Drive & Elavado Ave, in Beverly Hills.

Here is a matching StreetView of Beverly Drive:

But when they cut to the next shot (where we see a white colonial home
on the corner behind them), they are no longer on Beverly Drive.

(You will note that the palm trees are gone,
and this street is lined with deciduous trees.


The camera in the screenshot above is looking back east/northeast,
as the car heads west/southwest on the
block of Carmelita Avenue, in Beverly Hills.

The intersection behind them is Carmelita & N. Canon Drive, in Beverly Hills.

( That colonial house on the corner is at N Canon Drive. )

Here is a StreetView of that corner:

At in the pilot episode, Spencer's new friends
take him to a party at another wealthy home in the hills:


There's a party going on out by the pool, and Spencer has too much to drink.

This house is at Swallow Drive, in what are known as
the Bird Streets (because the streets are named after birds),
in the L.A. hills above the Sunset Strip.

Here is a matching StreetView of that house:

The photos on this page are stills from "All American" and are copyright Netflix

The rest of the page is Copyright © Gary Wayne / Seeing-Stars.com

Sours: https://www.seeing-stars.com/locations/AllAmerican.shtml
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‘Kim’s Convenience’ stars decry ‘overtly racist’ storylines, lack of representation

“Kim’s Convenience” has officially closed up shop, and its stars are opening up about their frustrations with the show’s approach to Korean Canadian representation behind and in front of the camera.

After the hit CBC sitcom debuted its fifth and final season last week on Netflix, actors Simu Liu and Jean Yoon voiced their concerns regarding the series’ “overwhelmingly white” production team, “horsepoop” pay and “overtly racist” storylines, among other alleged grievances.

Based on actor and playwright Ins Choi’s stage production of the same name, “Kim’s Convenience” premiered in and centered on a Korean Canadian family operating a convenience store in Toronto. In the show, Liu — star of Marvel’s highly anticipated “Shang-Chi and the Legend of the Ten Rings” — portrayed Yoon’s on-screen son, Jung.

“I’ve heard a lot of speculation surrounding myself — specifically, about how getting a Marvel role meant I was suddenly too ‘Hollywood’ for Canadian TV,” Liu remarked Thursday in a lengthy Facebook post reflecting on the end of the program.

“This could not be further from the truth. I love this show and everything it stood for. I saw firsthand how profoundly it impacted families and brought people together. It’s truly SO RARE for a show today to have such an impact on people, and I wanted very badly to make the schedules work.”

After setting the record straight about his career trajectory, Liu expressed disappointment with the way that he and his character were treated as the series progressed.

“I WAS, however, growing increasingly frustrated with the way my character was being portrayed and, somewhat related, was also increasingly frustrated with the way I was being treated,” he said. “It was always my understanding that the lead actors were the stewards of character, and would grow to have more creative insight as the show went on.

“This was not the case on our show, which was doubly confusing because our producers were overwhelmingly white and we were a cast of Asian Canadians who had a plethora of lived experiences to draw from and offer to writers. there was deliberately not a lot of leeway given to us.”

Liu also sounded off on “Strays,” the forthcoming spinoff series spotlighting Jung’s work supervisor, Shannon, played by Nicole Power. The offshoot is set to premiere in September on the CBC.

“I love and am proud of Nicole, and I want the show to succeed for her but I remain resentful of all of the circumstances that led to the one non-Asian character getting her own show,” Liu wrote. “And not that they would ever ask, but I will adamantly refuse to reprise my role in any capacity.”

In an email to The Times, the CBC said Tuesday, “It’s not our place to speak for the producers of Kim’s Convenience, Simu Liu or Jean Yoon,” and suggested contacting Thunderbird Entertainment, the production company behind the series.

“Kim’s Convenience had a great run on CBC and we’re excited about Simu’s new project which we announced last week,” a spokesperson for the CBC added. The network recently confirmed that “Hello (Again),” a short-form original series co-created by Liu and Nathalie Younglai, has joined its programming slate for the fall.

In addition to creative differences, Liu claimed that he and his “Kim’s Convenience” castmates were purposefully and grossly underpaid in comparison to other popular shows such as “Schitt’s Creek,” which boasted “brand-name talent” but received lower ratings than “Kim’s Convenience,” according to Liu.

“For how successful the show actually became, we were paid an absolute horsepoop rate,” he wrote. “The whole process has really opened my eyes to the relationship between those with power and those without. In the beginning, we were no-name actors who had ZERO leverage. So of course we were going to take anything we could.

“Basically we were locked in for the foreseeable future at a super-low rate But we also never banded together and demanded more — probably because we were told to be grateful to even be there, and because we were so scared to rock the boat. Maybe also because we were too busy infighting to understand that we were deliberately being pitted against each other. Meanwhile, we had to become the de facto mouthpieces for the show (our showrunners were EPICALLY reclusive), working tirelessly to promote it while never truly feeling like we had a seat at its table.”

Shortly after Liu shared his thoughts on social media, a television critic for Canada’s Globe and Mail dismissed his comments as “unfair” and “mean-spirited,” prompting Yoon to defend her costar on Twitter.

While both Liu and Yoon credited Korean Canadian artist Choi with introducing the Kim family to mainstream audiences, they also alleged that his influence over the series was eclipsed by a dearth of Korean representation behind the scenes.

“Your attack on my cast mate @SimuLiu, in the defense of my fellow Korean artist Ins Choi is neither helpful nor merited,” Yoon replied to the Globe and Mail’s rebuke of Liu’s statements. “Mr. Choi wrote the play, I was in [it]. He created the TV show, but his co-creator Mr. Kevin White was the showrunner, and clearly set the parameters.

“This is a FACT that was concealed from us as a cast. It was evident from Mr. Choi’s diminished presence on set, or in response to script questions. Between S4 and S5, this FACT became a crisis, and in S5 we were told Mr. Choi was resuming control of the show.”

The scene partners also addressed the alleged absence of diversity on the “Kim’s Convenience” writing team, which “lacked both East Asian and female representation,” as well as “a pipeline to introduce diverse talents,” according to Liu.

“Aside from Ins, there were no other Korean voices in the room,” Liu wrote. “And personally I do not think he did enough to be a champion for those voices (including ours). When he left (without so much as a goodbye note to the cast), he left no protege, no padawan learner, no Korean talent that could have replaced him.”

“As an Asian Canadian woman, a Korean-Canadian woman w more experience and knowledge of the world of my characters, the lack of Asian female, especially Korean writers in the writers room of Kims made my life VERY DIFFICULT & the experience of working on the show painful,” Yoon tweeted.

Despite trying “so hard” to make himself available as a creative resource, Liu said efforts made by him and others to improve the show from the inside were dismissed. Without adequate input from talent of Korean descent, Yoon added that the show’s authenticity suffered.

“The cast received drafts of all S5 scripts in advance of shooting BECAUSE of Covid, at which time we discovered storylines that were OVERTLY RACIST, and so extremely culturally inaccurate that the cast came together and expressed concerns collectively,” Yoon tweeted.

“My prior experience had taught me that if I just put myself out there enough, people would be naturally inclined to help,” Liu wrote. “And boy was I wrong here. I wasn’t the only one who tried. Many of us in the cast were trained screenwriters with thoughts and ideas that only grew more seasoned with time. But those doors were never opened to us in any meaningful way.”

Representatives for Choi and Thunderbird Entertainment did not immediately respond to The Times’ requests for comment.

Sours: https://www.latimes.com/entertainment-arts/tv/story//kims-convenience-simu-liu-jean-yoon-netflix
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American television drama series

This article is about the television series. For other media with the same name, see Chips (disambiguation) §&#;Arts, entertainment, and media.

CHiPs is an American crime drama television series created by Rick Rosner, that originally aired on NBC from September 15, , to May 1, It follows the lives of two motorcycle officers of the California Highway Patrol (CHP). The series ran for episodes over six seasons, plus one reunion television film in October


CHiPs is an action crime drama in a standard hour-long time slot, which at the time required 48 minutes of actual programming. Over-the-top freeway pileups, which occurred frequently, especially in the later seasons, were a signature of the show. For filming, traffic on Los Angeles freeways was non-existent and most chase scenes were done on back roads.

The show was created by Rick Rosner, and starred Erik Estrada as macho, rambunctious Officer Francis ("Frank") Llewellyn "Ponch" Poncherello and Larry Wilcox as his straitlaced partner, Officer Jonathan ("Jon") Andrew Baker. With Ponch the more trouble-prone of the pair, and Jon generally the more level-headed one trying to keep him out of trouble with the duo's gruff yet fatherly immediate supervisor Sergeant Joseph Getraer (Robert Pine), the two were Highway Patrolmen of the Central Los Angeles office of the California Highway Patrol (CHP, hence the name CHiPs).

As real-life CHP motor officers rarely ride in pairs, in early episodes this was explained away by placing the trouble-prone Ponch on probationary status, with Jon assigned as his field training officer. Eventually, by the end of the first season, this subplot faded away (Ponch completed his probation) as audiences were used to seeing the two working as a team.


The cast of CHiPs(from left: Erik Estrada as "Ponch", Robert Pine as Getraer, and Larry Wilcox as Jon)
  • Larry Wilcox as Officer Jonathan Andrew Baker (–82)
  • Erik Estrada as Officer Francis "Ponch" Poncherello
  • Robert Pine as Sergeant Joseph "Joe" Getraer
  • Lew Saunders as Officer Gene Fritz (–79)
  • Brodie Greer as Officer Barry "Bear" Baricza (–82)
  • Paul Linke as Officer Arthur "Grossie" Grossman
  • Lou Wagner as Harlan Arliss, Automobile/Motorcycle Mechanic, CHP (–83)
  • Brianne Leary as Officer Sindy Cahill (–79)
  • Randi Oakes as Officer Bonnie Clark (–82)
  • Michael Dorn as Officer Jedediah Turner (–82)
  • Caitlyn Jenner as Officer Steve McLeish (–82) (credited as "Bruce Jenner")
  • Tom Reilly as Officer Robert "Bobby" "Hot Dog" Nelson (–83)
  • Tina Gayle as Officer Kathy Linahan (–83)
  • Bruce Penhall as Cadet/Officer Bruce Nelson (–83)
  • Clarence Gilyard Jr. as Officer Benjamin Webster (–83)

Cast changes[edit]

In the fifth season (–82), Estrada went on strike over a dispute over syndication profits. As a result, he did not appear in seven episodes; for that period he was replaced by Jenner (Officer Steve McLeish).[1][2]

Despite their successful pairing on-screen, Wilcox and Estrada did not always get along behind the camera.[3] It was Wilcox's falling-out with the producers over what he saw as continual favoritism toward Estrada that saw Wilcox not return for the sixth and final season. Wilcox was replaced by Tom Reilly (Officer Bobby Nelson).

Bruce Penhall, a native of Balboa Island, Newport Beach and a motorcycle speedway rider who had won the and Speedway World Championships, was also introduced as cadet–probationary officer Bruce Nelson, Bobby's younger brother in – The season 6 episode "Speedway Fever" (aired November 7, ) centered on Penhall's character Nelson winning the Speedway World Final at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, with scenes filmed in the pits during the meeting. The episode also used television coverage of the final, with dubbed commentary. Penhall later admitted that having a bodyguard and having to have makeup done in the pits in full view of his competitors at the World Final only added to the pressure he was under both as a rider and a rookie actor and that it felt weird having to "buddy up to Ponch" in front of the other riders while the World Final was taking place. In order to become a full-time member of the CHiPs cast, Penhall had officially announced his retirement from speedway racing on the podium of the World Final.


According to a TV Guide article, show creator Rick Rosner was a reserve deputy with the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. During a coffee break on an evening patrol shift in the mids he saw two young CHP officers on motorcycles which gave him the idea for this series. He later created Robert, which seemed like a hybrid of CHiPs and Emergency!.

California Highway Patrol, "CHiPs" era, motor officer helmet

Episodes occasionally reference Jon Baker's service in Vietnam. This makes his character one of the earliest regular (and one of the more positive) portrayals of a Vietnam veteran on television. Indeed, Larry Wilcox served 13 months in Vietnam as a Marine artilleryman.

Production made use of then-recently-completed (but not yet opened to the public) section of freeways in the Los Angeles area. For Season 1, the intersection of Interstate and California State Route 2 in La Canada Flintridge was used often (along with a short stretch of Highway 2). For Season 2, a section of Interstate five miles to the west in La Crescenta, California was used, until it too was opened to the public. For Seasons 3 - 5, the filming location was moved another 10 miles to the west, to the intersection of the Interstate and California State Route in Sylmar, California. When that section of freeway was finally opened, production shifted again to a short stub of a highway in Long Beach, California, as well as a long stretch of Pershing Drive, near Los Angeles International Airport.

Motor officers in CHiPs rode Kawasaki Z1-P & ZC2 in seasons 1 & 2 and KZC1 from season 3 onwards.

Despite the Ford Motor Company's credit as a vehicle provider for four of the series' six seasons, cars and trucks were supplied by several manufacturers. All of the police cars were Dodge models (´74 and ´78 Dodge Monaco), as they were actual CHP cruisers bought at police auction for the show. In the third-season episode, Hot Wheels (Episode 8) the show featured AMC Matador police cars in a one-off appearance.

Although doubles were used for far-off shots and various stunt or action sequences, Wilcox and Estrada did a great deal of their own motorcycle riding, and performed many smaller stunts themselves. Although Wilcox emerged relatively injury-free, Estrada suffered various injuries several times throughout the run of the series. In several early first-season episodes, a huge bruise or scab can be seen on his arm after he was flung from one of the motorcycles and skidded along the ground. His worst accident came when he was seriously injured in a motorcycle accident while filming a season three episode in August , fracturing several ribs and breaking both wrists. The accident and Estrada's subsequent hospitalization was incorporated into the series' storyline.

Prior to being cast in CHiPs, Estrada had no experience with motorcycles, so he underwent an intensive eight-week course, learning how to ride. In , it was revealed that he did not hold a motorcycle license at the time CHiPs was in production, and only qualified for a license after three attempts, while preparing for an appearance on the reality television show Back to the Grind.

NBC aired reruns of this series on its daytime schedule from April to September.

During the original run of the series, syndicated reruns of older episodes were retitled CHiPs Patrol to avoid confusion.[4] Later syndicated reruns after the show went out of production reverted to the original title.


Main article: List of CHiPs episodes

CHiPs episodes were usually a combination of light comedy and drama. A typical episode would start with Ponch and Jon on routine patrol or being assigned to an interesting beat, such as Malibu or the Sunset Strip. In roll call briefing, Sgt. Getraer would alert his officers to be on the lookout for a particular criminal operation, such as people staging accidents as part of an insurance scam, or punks breaking into cars. A few interesting, unrelated vignettes often transpired during "routine" traffic enforcement.

A light-hearted subplot would also be included, such as Harlan trying to hide a stray dog from Getraer at the office. A more serious theme, such as Ponch trying to keep a kid from his old neighborhood out of a potential life of crime, might also be included. After a few failed attempts to apprehend the gang that had been menacing L.A.'s freeways, the episode would invariably culminate in Ponch and Jon leading a chase of the suspects (often assisted by other members of their division), climaxing with a spectacular series of stunt vehicle crashes.

The show then typically featured a dénouement of Ponch and Jon participating in a new activity (such as jet skiing or skydiving), designed to showcase the pair's glamorous Southern California lifestyle. Often, Ponch would attempt to impress a woman he had met during the episode with his athletic prowess or disco dancing, only to fail and provide Jon, Getraer, and others with many laughs. As the preliminary end credits would start, the image would freeze multiple times, showing various characters laughing or otherwise enjoying the social scene.

Broadcast history[edit]

(all times Eastern/Pacific Time; subtract one hour for Central/Mountain Time)

  • September – March NBC Thursday, 8–9PM
  • April NBC Saturday, 8–9PM
  • May – August NBC Thursday, 8–9PM
  • September – March NBC Saturday, 8–9PM
  • March – March NBC Sunday, 8–9PM
  • April – May NBC Sunday, 7–8PM
  • May – July NBC Sunday, 8–9PM

NBC aired reruns of the series weekdays at 3PM EST between April 26, – September 10, The show aired on MeTV from December 19, to May 26, The show currently airs on Charge!.

In the United Kingdom, the series was broadcast by ITV but was not screened nationally. The series started in January in the London region, but began with season two (the first episode shown was episode 2x02 "The Volunteers") by February most other ITV regions originally screened in the Saturday teatime slot around but moved to the Sunday teatime slot in By , as with many imported programmes of the era, the series was being broadcast at different times during the weekend throughout the year by the different ITV regions. The series shared its Saturday teatime slot with other series such as The A-Team, Knight Rider, Magnum, P.I. and Whiz Kids.

During , most ITV stations continued with the Saturday teatime slot except for Anglia Television, Scottish Television (STV) and Television South West (TSW), who broadcast episodes during the weekend mornings or Sunday afternoons. By early , the series was being broadcast during Saturday mornings by Anglia, Central, Grampian, Granada, STV and Tyne Tees, who all completed the series by end of the In other regions it had a Saturday lunchtime slot of where, from September , it rotated the slot with episodes of Airwolf.

HTV and Yorkshire completed the series by , while LWT, TVS and TSW finished series six in after starting in A few companies repeated the series in It was previously shown on Bravo between to Now currently being repeated on Forces TV.

The entire series was shown in New Zealand on TVNZ in the s.

Home media[edit]

Warner Home Video released the first two seasons of CHiPs on DVD in Regions 1, 2 and 4 between and On March 3, (over six years later), the third season was released on DVD in Region 1.[5] The fourth season was released in Region 1 on March 15, [6] The fifth season was released in Region 1 on March 14, [7][8][9] The sixth season and the complete series were released in Region 1 on June 6, [10]

All episodes are at the iTunes Store.[11][12]


CHiPs '99[edit]

CHiPs '99 is a American made-for-televisioncrimedrama film and a sequel to the series. It was directed by Jon Cassar. Several cast members from the original series make a return. Original cast with promotions were Jon Baker as a Captain and Joe Getraer as the CHP Commissioner. Other original cast members were Officer Frank Poncherello returning from a year hiatus from the CHP, Officer Barry Baricza and Arthur (Artie) "Grossie" Grossman as a Detective. Bruce Penhall also returns as newly promoted Sergeant Bruce Nelson.

Feature film[edit]

Main article: CHiPs (film)

A film remake was released on March 24, with Dax Shepard co-producing with Andrew Panay, writing, directing and starring as Officer Jon Baker, Michael Peña as Frank "Ponch" Poncherello and Vincent D’Onofrio as the film's villain.[13][14][15]


A series of 8 inch and 33&#;4 inch action figures was released by Mego in the late s. Due to the materials used to construct the figures, many of them have discolored (typically turning green) or started to decompose over the years, making good conditioned examples quite hard to find on the collectors market.[citation needed] There was also a series of six die-cast model vehicles produced by Imperial Toys.

In the UK, as was common with many popular US series of the era, a series of tie-in annuals were produced by World International Publishing Ltd, containing stories, photos, puzzles and features on the stars. There are four annuals in total, one each for –[citation needed]. A comic strip adaptation was drawn by Jim Baikie for Look-In magazine.[16]

In , a limited edition soundtrack was released on CD by Turner Classic Movies' music division via Film Score Monthly, featuring the original recordings of the main theme by John Parker (Parker's theme replaced an unused composition by Mike Post and Pete Carpenter, who scored the pilot) and in-episode musical scores from many episodes of the second season, as composed and conducted by Alan Silvestri, the series' primary (and from seasons three to five sole) composer until the final season. Silvestri also arranged the theme as heard from season two onwards, and it is this version that is heard here‍&#;‌the soundtrack album also includes the "Trick or Treat" score composed and conducted by Bruce Broughton, his only work for the series.[17] In , music from the third season was released; an album of music from the fourth season followed in

In popular culture[edit]

In the Galactica episode "The Super Scouts, Part I", a California Highway Patrol motor officer references CHiPs by lamenting to his partner, "How come this never happens to those two guys on TV?" when the two Colonial Warriors, Captain Troy (Kent McCord) and Lieutenant Dillon (Barry Van Dyke), escape the CHP duo by using flying motorcycles.[18]

The alternative rock band Seven Mary Three gets its name from Jon's call sign.[19]

Both Estrada and Wilcox reprised their roles in the film National Lampoon's Loaded Weapon 1.

The Walt Disney Pictures film Planes: Fire & Rescue features a parody TV series titled CHoPs, with Estrada providing the voice of helicopter officer Nick "Loop'n" Lopez.[20]

On February 2, , Estrada reprised his role as Ponch in the RadioShackSuper Bowl XLVIII commercial "The '80s Called".[21]


  1. ^McNeil, Alex. Total Television. New York: Penguin Books,
  2. ^Rubin, Sylvia (October 27, ). "Estrada, Wilcox Cash In With New 'CHiPs '99' / Popular '70s show gets updated in TNT movie". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  3. ^Lardine, Bob. "Larry Wilcox Busses His New Bride, but 'CHiPs' Co-Star Erik Estrada Gets a Kiss-Off". People. Time Inc. Retrieved November 17,
  4. ^"Reruns retitled". Journal of the Audio Engineering Society. Audio Engineering Society: March
  5. ^"CHiPs DVD news: Press Release for CHiPs - The Complete 3rd Season - TVShowsOnDVD.com". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on March 4, Retrieved February 17,
  6. ^"CHiPs DVD news: Press Release for CHiPs - The Complete 4th Season - TVShowsOnDVD.com". tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on March 5, Retrieved February 17,
  7. ^David Lambert (December 5, ). "CHiPs - 'The Complete 5th Season' DVDs are Scheduled: Date, Price, More!". tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on December 9, Retrieved December 6,
  8. ^Ponch and Jon Together on the Cover of 'The Complete 5th Season'Archived December 11, , at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^David Lambert (December 14, ). "CHiPs - DVD Street Date Gets Closer for 'The Complete 5th Season'". tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on December 15, Retrieved December 14,
  10. ^David Lambert (March 16, ). "CHiPs - The Complete 6th and Final Season, The Complete Series DVDs! Date, pricing, plus front and rear cover art for both titles!". tvshowsondvd.com. Archived from the original on March 17, Retrieved March 16,
  11. ^CHiPs season 1. iTunes Store (June 4, ). Retrieved on August 11,
  12. ^CHiPs season 2. iTunes Store (July 7, ). Retrieved on August 11, , while Vudu has only the first two seasons available for online download through them.
  13. ^Fleming, Mike Jr. (September 2, ). "Dax Shepard Driving Warner Bros 'CHiPS' Film; Michael Pena To Play Ponch". deadline.com. Retrieved September 3,
  14. ^Couch, Aaron (September 2, ). "Dax Shepard Making 'CHiPS' Movie for Warner Bros". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 3,
  15. ^Kit, Borys (May 26, ). "'CHiPs' Movie Casting Vincent D'Onofrio as Villain (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter.
  16. ^"Jim Baikie". lambiek.net.
  17. ^Liner notes, CHiPs: Season Two , Film Score Monthly, FSM
  18. ^"The Super Scouts, Part I". Galactica . Season 1. Episode 4. March 16, Event occurs at ABC.
  19. ^"Seven Mary Three Biography". MusicianGuide.com. Retrieved October 21,
  20. ^"Meet the Characters from Planes: Fire & Rescue". Disney Insider. March 10, Retrieved October 21,
  21. ^Jones, Nate (February 2, ). "Celebrating Every '80s Reference in That RadioShack Super Bowl Commercial". People. Retrieved May 25,

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to CHiPs.
Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CHiPs

Cast show el freeway

Mission Bells Along El Camino Real

First El Camino Real Bell,

First El Camino Real Bell installed in at Los Angeles Historic Plaza (adjacent to Olvera Street). California Historical Society photo with USC Libraries Special Collections.

The mission bells seen along streets and highways in Los Angeles County and throughout California have been in place since the early 20th Century to mark the original route of El Camino Real (Spanish for Highway of the King or Royal Highway) from San Diego to Sonoma. The mile-long El Camino Real linked the 21 California missions, founded by Father Junipero Serra and spaced approximately one day's journey apart by horse. Over the years, El Camino Real gave way to modern highways, principally U.S. Route and State Route 82 in California.

In , Anna Pitcher of Pasadena, director of the Pasadena Art Exhibition Association, was the first to propose trying to save the memory of the old highway by marking its route. She pitched her proposal for the next decade thereafter, with little success. Finally, in , Pitcher's proposal was taken up by the California Federation of Women's Clubs (championed by Harrye Forbes, also known as Mrs. A.S.C Forbes, and Caroline Olney) and the Native Daughters of the Golden West. In , they and other civic organizations established the El Camino Real Association of California. The organization would investigate and map out the old highway and provide distinctive markers to be installed along the route. Forbes (upon a suggestion by Mrs. C.F. Gates) designed the markers as miniature mission bells, said to be modeled after the bells of the Old Plaza Church in Los Angeles. The cast iron bells would hang from eleven-foot "shepard's crook" guideposts (symbolic of the work of the missions) to make them easily visible to passing travelers. In , the first of the bells was installed in front of the Old Plaza Church in downtown Los Angeles. By , bells had reportedly been installed across California.

Raising the first El Camino Real Bell in Los Angeles in Photo from the Los Angeles Times Library.

The original bell installers made no provision for maintenance of the bells. By , the El Camino Real Association had apparently fragmented and had ceased to be functional. The bells were falling into disrepair and some had been stolen or removed due to damage or construction. From to , the the California State Automobile Association and the Automobile Club of Southern California assumed responsibility for maintenance and replacement of the bells on state-owned property. In fact, the bells served as vital markers for California motorists during that period. It was also during this period that the bells began being painted in their iconic green color. In , the state assumed responsibility for maintaining the dwindling number of remaining bells.

In , a survey of bells originally installed in Los Angeles County found only 17 still in place. The state wanted to replace bells, but, by , the original manufacturer of the bells had ceased doing business. In , Justin Kramer won a bid to manufacture replacement bells and his design became the " Kramer Style." In , the California Legislature appointed the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) to be responsible for repairing or replacing bells. Caltrans replacement bells are now cast in concrete, rather than iron. In , John Kolstad purchased what was left of the manufacturer of the original bells, California Bell Company, and has since been making new bells for public and private installation.

El Camino Real Bell, Montebello

El Camino Real Bell installed at original site of Mission San Gabriel in Montebello. Los Angeles Almanac Photo.

Today, there are reported to be bells in place marking the old highway and its branches. Bells range between San Diego County in the south to Sonoma County in the north.

Source: California's El Camino Real and Its Historic Bells by Max Kurillo & Erline Tuttle and the California Department of Transportation.

El Camino Real Bell along Highway Photo by the California Department of Transportation.

Sours: http://www.laalmanac.com/transport/trphp
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Flipping team Tarek and Christina have viewers on the edge of their seats as they purchase dilapidated properties for cash, sometimes sight unseen, and then renovate and flip them for resale. From the nail-biting purchase at auction, to the sometimes-exasperating renovations, discouraging showings and exhilarating sale, will they Flip or Flop?

Season 7, Episode 2

Switching Rooms

Tarek and Christina are contacted by a homeowner wanting to sell their four-bedroom home in Garden Grove, California. Knowing the high returns for the area they decide to go for it, but find the layout strange and question whether it's actually a four-bedroom house after all. Did they make a huge mistake, or can they find an upside from this potential mishap?


Oct 26

pm | c

Season 7, Episode 10

What&#;s Old is New Again

Tarek and Christina get a lead on a home in Hacienda Heights, California, where they find some outdated designs and others that are in-style once again. The retro property could be profitable in this hot market, or they might just find something hiding underneath the old shag rug.

Season 7, Episode 17

Dark and Dingy

Tarek and Christina find a good flip in Garden, CA, but Christina is worried that Tarek's penny-pinching will prevent them from making the necessary design decisions to maximize profits. As the flip goes along, Christina keeps pushing for big design to impress buyers while Tarek tries to manage the bottom line.


Oct 26

pm | c

Season 8, Episode 2

Flea Bag Flip

Tarek and Christina get a lead on a house in Rowland Heights, CA. This three-bedroom, two-bath house should be a quick flip, but once they get inside they find big problems that will take all their skills to fix.

Season 7, Episode 18

Rotten Flip

Tarek and Christina take a gamble on a million-dollar possibility in Anaheim Hills, CA, that is rotted with mold. Tarek wrestles with keeping the project on track while Christina tip-toes around her ex being in a bad mood as things get worse with the home. The duo will have to come together and agree on a solid design if they want to sell the house for over a million dollars, otherwise this rotten flip may prove to be more than they can handle.


Oct 26

pm | c

Season 8, Episode 9

Cliff Makeover

Tarek and Christina take on a house in Anaheim, CA, designed by architect Cliff May. Having flipped a Cliff May house before, they're prepared to spend big for a midcentury makeover. But bad news from the city inspector and unexpected big-ticket expenses threaten to dig into their profits.

Season 8, Episode 14

Buyer&#;s Remorse

Tarek and Christina get a smoking deal on a Yorba Linda, CA, home with a closed-off floor plan. They spend big money to remove a fireplace and open up the space, but when Tarek goes behind Christina's back and changes a tile design, she tackles the new fireplace herself.


Oct 26

pm | c

Season 8, Episode 8

Broken Flip

Tarek and Christina flip a house with a weird vibe in Anaheim, CA. From the start, they can't tell if someone is squatting in the house or if the neighborhood hoodlums are pranking them.

Season 8, Episode 18

Small House, Big Problems

Tarek and contractor Izzy Battres take on a small house in Fullerton, CA. The seemingly easy flip becomes difficult when removing a wall creates a nightmare with the city and an unpermitted laundry room must be moved inside.


Oct 26

pm | c

Season 9, Episode 7

Far Out Flip

Tarek and Christina are lured to North Hollywood, CA, by a s Spanish home. They want to appeal to trendy Los Angeles buyers by preserving the historic architecture, but the home's inconvenient distance causes unexpected issues during renovations.

Season 9, Episode 8

Better Be Quick

With so many flips in play, Tarek and Christina take out an expensive, hard-money loan to flip a house in Fountain Valley, CA. They're pressured to flip the house quickly as they juggle design decisions amidst a tight timeline.


Oct 26

pm | c

Season 9, Episode 7

Far Out Flip

Tarek and Christina are lured to North Hollywood, CA, by a s Spanish home. They want to appeal to trendy Los Angeles buyers by preserving the historic architecture, but the home's inconvenient distance causes unexpected issues during renovations.


Oct 27

3am | 2c

Season 9, Episode 8

Better Be Quick

With so many flips in play, Tarek and Christina take out an expensive, hard-money loan to flip a house in Fountain Valley, CA. They're pressured to flip the house quickly as they juggle design decisions amidst a tight timeline.


Oct 27

am | c

Season 9, Episode 11

Prickly Flip

Tarek and Christina get a lead on a property overrun with cacti in Lakewood, California, but they can't see inside because tenants are still there! The duo returns to find a leaky water bed creating a huge mess that may endanger their profits.

Season 8, Episode 17

Hoarding Potential

Tarek's friend, Robert, wants to get into flipping and they buy a home sight unseen in Lakewood, CA. When they discover it's a major hoarder house filled to the brim with junk, Robert worries they made a mistake.


Oct 28

pm | c

Season 9, Episode 11

Prickly Flip

Tarek and Christina get a lead on a property overrun with cacti in Lakewood, California, but they can't see inside because tenants are still there! The duo returns to find a leaky water bed creating a huge mess that may endanger their profits.

Season 8, Episode 17

Hoarding Potential

Tarek's friend, Robert, wants to get into flipping and they buy a home sight unseen in Lakewood, CA. When they discover it's a major hoarder house filled to the brim with junk, Robert worries they made a mistake.


Oct 29

am | c

Season 4, Episode 2

Big Money Flip

Tarek and Christina are contacted by an out-of-state seller looking to sell an old family home. It's a large house in original condition, but it's also more expensive than their usual projects and the renovation could get pricey on this midcentury modern time capsule.

Season 4, Episode 3

House of Hidden Horrors

Tarek and Christina check out an off-market listing in La Habra, California, that appears to need only cosmetic updating. With the seller eager for a quick close, it could be a great deal if they can get it for the right price before it hits the market.


Oct 29

am | c

Season 4, Episode 4

A Frantic Fiasco

Tarek and Christina check out a midcentury home with a dream layout in Placentia, California. But as is often the case with old homes, no project is as straightforward as it seems and Tarek and Christina must overcome their fair share of surprises and setbacks to survive this frantic fiasco.

Season 4, Episode 5

No Risk, No Reward

Tarek and Christina get a lead on a trust sale property in Anaheim, California, with an original layout and a dated design. It's in good shape and seems like a mostly cosmetic project, but when their project manager comes back with a ballooning budget and a laundry list of contingencies, Tarek and Christina wonder if this home has more potential than pitfalls.


Oct 29

am | c

Season 7, Episode 19

Fantastic Flip

Tarek and Christina take on a home in a trendy Costa Mesa, CA, neighborhood but if they want to give the hip homebuyers what they want, they'll first have to nail the design. While Christina is shooting for the stars with her designs, however, Tarek has a hard time spending the money. Will they be able to attract the right kind of buyer in this hard-to-please neighborhood or will their design miss the mark?

Season 8, Episode 3

Bankrupt Flip

Tarek and Christina find a good deal in a familiar neighborhood in Anaheim, CA. They need to act fast if they want to lock it in, but they have to make an offer without seeing the inside.


Oct 30

am | c

Season 8, Episode 6

Alarming Flip

Tarek and Christina return to the street of a previous flip in Cypress, CA. When they can't agree on a design for the kitchen, they decide to settle the matter with a quick game of hoops. As costs mount and the open house looms, Tarek and Christina have to hustle to make a profit out of this flip.

Season 8, Episode 8

Broken Flip

Tarek and Christina flip a house with a weird vibe in Anaheim, CA. From the start, they can't tell if someone is squatting in the house or if the neighborhood hoodlums are pranking them.


Oct 30

am | c

Season 8, Episode 9

Cliff Makeover

Tarek and Christina take on a house in Anaheim, CA, designed by architect Cliff May. Having flipped a Cliff May house before, they're prepared to spend big for a midcentury makeover. But bad news from the city inspector and unexpected big-ticket expenses threaten to dig into their profits.

Sours: https://www.hgtv.com/shows/flip-or-flop

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